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M0440

Sigma-Aldrich

Mitomycin C from Streptomyces caespitosus

≥970 μg/mg (USP XXIV)

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C15H18N4O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
334.33
Beilstein:
7231816
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

Quality Level

biological source

Streptomyces caespitosus

assay

≥970 μg/mg (USP XXIV)

color

blue-violet

solubility

H2O: 40 mg/mL, clear to very slightly hazy, colorless
H2O: soluble

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria

Mode of action

DNA synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

[H][C@]12CN3C4=C([C@@H](COC(N)=O)[C@@]3(OC)[C@@]1([H])N2)C(=O)C(N)=C(C)C4=O

InChI

1S/C15H18N4O5/c1-5-9(16)12(21)8-6(4-24-14(17)22)15(23-2)13-7(18-13)3-19(15)10(8)11(5)20/h6-7,13,18H,3-4,16H2,1-2H3,(H2,17,22)/t6-,7+,13+,15-/m1/s1

InChI key

NWIBSHFKIJFRCO-WUDYKRTCSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: aziridine

Packaging

5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Application

Mitomycin C is produced by a strain of actinomyces, Streptomyces caespitosus. It contains three anticancer moieties, quinine, urethane, and aziridine groups. It is used to generate mitotically inactive feeder cells in cell culture systems, such as the mitotically inactive fibroblasts used in embryonic stem cell systems.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: This product is an alkylating agent that specifically targets the guanine nucleoside sequence 5′-CpG-3′. It inhibits DNA synthesis by covalently reacting with DNA, forming crosslinks between complementary strands of DNA. This interaction prevents separation of complementary DNA strands, inhibiting DNA replication.

Antimicrobial Spectrum: Mitomycin C has strong antitumor activity, especially against Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, and strong bactericidal action against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.

Caution

Stock solutions should be filter sterilized and stored at 2-8 °C in the dark. Solutions at pH 6-9 can be stored at 0-5 °C for up to a week, but if a precipitate forms, a fresh solution should be prepared - the precipitated solution has been proven toxic to cells.

Preparation Note

Mitomycin C is soluble in water at .5 mg/mL, with a pH of 6.0-7.5. It undergoes rapid degradation in acidic solutions with pH<6, and is mostly likely to retain activity in solutions with a pH between 6-9.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Carc. 2

Storage Class Code

6.1B - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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