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M2414

Sigma-Aldrich

Minimum Essential Medium Eagle

Modified, with Earle′s salts and reduced NaHCO3. without L-glutamine, liquid, sterile-filtered, suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
MEM
NACRES:
NA.75

Quality Level

sterility

sterile-filtered

form

liquid

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

endotoxin, tested

components

glucose: 1.0 g/L
phenol red: 0.011 g/L
L-glutamine: no
NaHCO3: 0.85 g/L

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

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General description

Minimum Essential Medium (MEM), developed by Harry Eagle, is one of the most widely used of all synthetic cell culture media. Early attempts to cultivate normal mammalian fibroblasts and certain subtypes of HeLa cells revealed they had specific nutritional requirements that could not be met by Eagle′s Basal Medium (BME). Subsequent studies using these and other cells in culture indicated additions to BME could be made to aid growth of a wider variety of fastidious cells.

MEM, which incorporates these modifications, includes higher concentrations of amino acids so the medium more closely approximates the protein composition of cultured mammalian cells. MEM has been used for cultivation of a wide variety of cells grown in monolayers. Optional supplementation of non-essential amino acids to the formulations that incorporate either Hanks′ or Earle′s salts has broadened the usefulness of this medium.

Application

Recommended for use in a carbon dioxide-free culture system.

Other Notes

This product lacks L-Ala; L-Asn; L-Glu; Gly; L-Pro; L-Ser and L-Gln.
May also be supplemented with HEPES to raise the buffering range.

Reconstitution

Supplement with 0.292 g/L L-glutamine.

Storage Class Code

12 - Non Combustible Liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

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MethodsX, 8, 101186-101186 (2020-12-31)
Bioprinting is a rapidly expanding technology with the ability to fabricate in vitro three-dimensional (3D) tissues in a layer-by-layer manner to ultimately produce a living tissue which physiologically resembles native in vivo tissue functionality. Unfortunately, large costs associated with commercially...
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The Journal of cell biology, 190(2), 197-207 (2010-07-28)
The signaling cascade initiated in response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) has been extensively investigated in interphase cells. Here, we show that mitotic cells treated with DSB-inducing agents activate a "primary" DNA damage response (DDR) comprised of early signaling events...
Pasqualino de Antonellis et al.
PloS one, 6(9), e24584-e24584 (2011-09-21)
Through negative regulation of gene expression, microRNAs (miRNAs) can function as oncosuppressors in cancers, and can themselves show altered expression in various tumor types. Here, we have investigated medulloblastoma tumors (MBs), which arise from an early impairment of developmental processes...
Carlos Mendoza-Palomares et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 7(4), 684-697 (2008-02-19)
Cysteine proteases have been shown to be essential virulence factors and drug targets in trypanosomatids and an attractive antidisease vaccine candidate for Trypanosoma congolense. Here, we describe an important amplification of genes encoding cathepsin B-like proteases unique to T. congolense....

Articles

MEM (Minimum Essential Medium Eagle)

A large selection of MEM formulations. Minimum Essential Medium (MEM), developed by Harry Eagle, is one of the most widely used of all synthetic cell culture media.

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