All Photos(4)

M7397

Sigma-Aldrich

L-(−)-Malic acid

BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture

Synonym(s):
L-Hydroxybutanedioic acid, (S)-(−)-2-Hydroxysuccinic acid
Linear Formula:
HO2CCH2CH(OH)CO2H
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
134.09
Beilstein:
1723541
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.75

Quality Level

biological source

microbial

product line

BioReagent

assay

≥95% (titration)

form

powder

application(s)

cell culture | insect: suitable
cell culture | mammalian: suitable

mp

101-103 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: 100 mg/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless

SMILES string

O[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C4H6O5/c5-2(4(8)9)1-3(6)7/h2,5H,1H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9)/t2-/m0/s1

InChI key

BJEPYKJPYRNKOW-REOHCLBHSA-N

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General description

Malic acid is used as a component of insect tissue culture. It is also useful as an acidulant in soft drinks, jams, fruit and vegetable juices.

Application

Malic acid has been used:
  • to induce basal respiration in mitochondrial cell culture
  • to measure the mitochondrial ETC (electron transport chain) activity
  • as a component of mitochondrial substrate stock

Packaging

25, 100, 500 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Malic acid is a part of cellular metabolism. Its application is recognized in pharmaceutics. It is useful in the treatment of hepatic malfunctioning, effective against hyper-ammonemia. It is used as a part of amino acid infusion. Malic acid also serves as a nanomedicine in the treatment of brain neurological disorders. A TCA (Krebs cycle) intermediate and partner in the malic acid aspartate shuttle.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Invertebrate Tissue Culture, 11-11 (2012)
Analysis of regional brain mitochondrial bioenergetics and susceptibility to mitochondrial inhibition utilizing a microplate based system
Sauerbeck A, et al.
Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 198(1), 36-43 (2011)
Inhibition of brain tumor growth by intravenous poly (beta-L-malic acid) nanobioconjugate with pH-dependent drug release
Ding H, et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 107(42), 18143-18148 (2010)
Biotechnology, 238-238 (1990)
Increased mitochondrial electron transport chain activity at complex I is regulated by N-acetylcysteine in lymphocytes of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
Doherty E, et al.
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 21(1), 56-65 (2014)

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