MBD0015

Sigma-Aldrich

DAPI ready made solution

For Nuclear counterstain in immunoflourecence microscopy, High Content Screening (HCS), Chromosome staining and flow cytometry (FACS)., 1 mg/mL

Synonym(s):
2-(4-Amidinophenyl)-6-indolecarbamidine dihydrochloride, DAPI Stain, DAPI Dye, DNA Content Counterstain, 4′,6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride, DAPI dihydrochloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C16H15N5 · 2HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
350.25
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
4894417
MDL number:

form

liquid

storage condition

protect from light

concentration

1 mg/mL

application(s)

transfection: suitable

fluorescence

λex 340 nm; λem 488 nm (nur DAPI)
λex 364 nm; λem 454 nm (DAPI-DNA-Komplex)

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

Cl.Cl.NC(=N)c1ccc(cc1)-c2cc3ccc(cc3[nH]2)C(N)=N

InChI

1S/C16H15N5.2ClH/c17-15(18)10-3-1-9(2-4-10)13-7-11-5-6-12(16(19)20)8-14(11)21-13;;/h1-8,21H,(H3,17,18)(H3,19,20);2*1H

InChI key

FPNZBYLXNYPRLR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

DAPI, 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole, is a blue fluorescent nucleic acid stain that fluoresces brightly upon selectively binding to the minor groove of double stranded DNA. Its selectivity for DNA and high cell permeability allows efficient staining of nuclei with little background from the cytoplasm. The excitation and emission wavelengths of DAPI-DNA complex are 360 nm and 460 nm, respectively.

Application

DAPI Readymade Solution is provided at 1mg/mL concentration. It is recommended to dilute DAPI readymade solution 1:1000 with a desired buffer for a 1μg/mL working concentration (typical working concentration used in most applications is 0.1μg/mL-10μg/mL). Store DAPI solution (1mg/mL) -20°C protected from light. It is recommended to aliquot DAPI readymade solution and to avoid freeze thaw cycles.

DAPI is several times more sensitive than ethidium bromide for staining DNA in agarose gels. It may be used for photofootprinting of DNA, to detect annealed probes in blotting applications by specifically visualizing the double-stranded complex, and to study the changes in DNA and analyze DNA content during apoptosis using flow cytometry. DAPI staining has also been shown to be a sensitive and specific detection method for mycoplasma.

For Nuclear counterstain in immunoflourecence microscopy, High Content Screening (HCS), Chromosome staining and flow cytometry (FACS).
DAPI is several times more sensitive than ethidium bromide for staining DNA in agarose gels. It may be used for photofootprinting of DNA, to detect annealed probes in blotting applications by specifically visualizing the double-stranded complex, and to study the changes in DNA and analyze DNA content during apoptosis using flow cytometry. DAPI staining has also been shown to be a sensitive and specific detection method for mycoplasma.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cell permeable fluorescent minor groove-binding probe for DNA. Binds to the minor groove of double-stranded DNA (preferentially to AT rich DNA), forming a stable complex which fluoresces approximately 20 times greater than DAPI alone.

Features and Benefits

  • Ready-to-use liquid, cell permeable dye.
  • Can be used with live cells and fixed cells.
  • Effective for fixed-cell staining and quantitation of DNA content.
  • Optimal Counterstain when using fluorescent antibodies during fluorescence microscopy or high-content screening (HCS) applications.

Physical form

DAPI readymade solution is provided at 1mg/mL concentration in water

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
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