O1383

Sigma-Aldrich

Oleic acid

suitable for cell culture, BioReagent

Synonym(s):
cis-9-Octadecenoic acid, Elainic acid
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)7CH=CH(CH2)7COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
282.46
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1726542
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.75

Quality Level

biological source

palm oil

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 176 °C)

product line

BioReagent

assay

≥99% (GC)

form

viscous liquid

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

refractive index

n20/D 1.459 (lit.)

bp

194-195 °C/1.2 mmHg (lit.)

mp

13-14 °C (lit.)

solubility

ethanol: soluble

density

0.89 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
0.89 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CCCCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCCCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C18H34O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18(19)20/h9-10H,2-8,11-17H2,1H3,(H,19,20)/b10-9-

InChI key

ZQPPMHVWECSIRJ-KTKRTIGZSA-N

Gene Information

human ... SOAT1(6646), SOAT2(8435)

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General description

Oleic acid is a mono-unsaturated omega-9 fatty acid created by dehydrogenation of stearic acid. It is then further dehydrogenated and elongated to create members of the n-9 family of fatty acids. Oleic acid is not an essential fatty acid (EFA); however, providing it to cells in culture reduces energy demand.
Oleic acid mediates complete oxidation of fatty acid in sirtuin1- proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator−1α (SIRT1-PGC-1α) signalling pathway. Oleic acid shows anti-inflammatory properties related to atherosclerosis and insulin resistant state. Oleic acid inhibits permeability in gap junctions and promotes glucose uptake in astrocytes. Oleic acid aids in neural cell proliferation by increasing glucose uptake and by protein kinase C (PKC) activation. Oleic acid is essential for axonal growth and neuronal clustering.

Application

Oleic acid has been used:
  • in fatty acid oxidation rate experiments in myotubes and in Sirt1 enzyme assay
  • to determine quantitatively its effect on lipid droplets by optical diffraction tomography
  • as a fatty acid source in the medium for primary hepatocyte culture

Packaging

1, 5, 25 g in ampule
Sealed ampule.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Uncouples oxidative phosphorylation. Inhibits 2,4-dinitrophenol−stimulated ATPase. Action reversed by adding serum albumin.
Activates protein kinase C in hepatocytes.

Caution

Unsaturated fatty acids are subject to oxidation and peroxidation. Consider complexed fatty acid supplements.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

159.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

71 °C - closed cup

Beneficial effect of fish oil on human brain (2009)
Three-dimensional label-free imaging and quantification of lipid droplets in live hepatocytes
Kim K, et al.
Scientific Reports, 6(10), 36815-36815 (2016)
Oleic acid stimulates complete oxidation of fatty acids through protein kinase A-dependent activation of SIRT1-PGC1alpha complex
Lim JH, et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 288(10), 7117-7126 (2013)
The role of proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1alpha in the fatty-acid-dependent transcriptional control of interleukin-10 in hepatic cells of rodents
Morari J, et al.
Metabolism, Clinical and Experimental, 59(2), 215-223 (2010)
Joyce Wang et al.
BMC genomics, 15, 415-415 (2014-06-03)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is an obligate intracellular pathogen that infects many ruminant species. The acquisition of foreign genes via horizontal gene transfer has been postulated to contribute to its pathogenesis, as these genetic elements are absent from its...
Articles
Lipid Induced Insulin Resistance
Read More

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