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P0064

Sigma-Aldrich

PalGly

≥98% (HPLC), solid

Synonym(s):
N-palmitoyl glycine, Hexadecanoylaminoacetic acid, N-Hexadecanoylglycine, N-(1-Oxohexadecyl)glycine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C18H35NO3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
313.48
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

solid

color

white to off-white

solubility

DMSO: >10 mg/mL

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

O=C(CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC)NCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C18H35NO3/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-17(20)19-16-18(21)22/h2-16H2,1H3,(H,19,20)(H,21,22)

InChI key

KVTFEOAKFFQCCX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Packaging

10, 50 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

PalGly is an endogenous signaling lipid that modulates calcium influx and nitric oxide production. PalGly inhibits heat-evoked firing of wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons, activates calcium influx in DRG cells and stimulates NO production. Preliminary studies suggest its signaling mechanism involves GPCR-mediated cation channel activation and a Gαi/o-coupled signaling pathway, which is being further investigated.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Nitric Oxide Synthases page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Krishna Pratap Ravindranathan et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128(17), 5786-5791 (2006-04-28)
UV-vis absorbance measurements and associated studies of cytochrome P450 BM-3 in complex with N-palmitoylglycine (NPG) indicate that a conformational change occurs in the active site of the complex where the terminal atoms of the ligand move from a site distant
Heather B Bradshaw et al.
Prostaglandins & other lipid mediators, 89(3-4), 131-134 (2009-04-22)
A large and growing family of over 70 endogenous lipids of the basic structure N-acyl amide has been identified during the last 10 years. Only a few of these lipids have been characterized for biological activity, however, those that have
A Vamvakidès
Bollettino chimico farmaceutico, 134(5), 258-262 (1995-05-01)
N-palmitoyl glycine (PG), synthesized by the mixed anhydrides method, displayed nootropic effects (in the "step-down" test) as well as an anti-immobility action in the forced swimming test, in mice. However no anticonvulsant effects were obtained, even at high dose (300
Kristen A Jeffries et al.
Journal of lipid research, 57(5), 781-790 (2016-03-27)
Long-chain fatty acid amides are signaling lipids found in mammals and other organisms; however, details of the metabolic pathways for the N-acylglycines and primary fatty acid amides (PFAMs) have remained elusive. Heavy-labeled precursor and subtraction lipidomic experiments in mouse neuroblastoma
Puneet K Chowdhary et al.
Journal of biotechnology, 135(4), 374-376 (2008-07-01)
Quorum sensing is the process by which bacteria alter gene regulation in response to their population density. The enzymatic inactivation of quorum signals has shown promise for use in genetically modified organisms resistant to pathogens. We recently characterized the ability

Articles

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