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P0106

Sigma-Aldrich

Pefloxacin mesylate dihydrate

Synonym(s):
3-Quinolinecarboxylic acid, 1-ethyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-7-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-4-oxo-, monomethanesulfonate, dihydrate, Pefloxacine monomethanesulfonate dihydrate, Pefloxacinium methanesulfonate dihydrate
Linear Formula:
C17H20FN3O3 • CH4O3S • 2H2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
465.49
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

form

powder

Quality Level

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria

Mode of action

DNA synthesis | interferes
enzyme | inhibits

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

O.O.CS(O)(=O)=O.CCN1C=C(C(O)=O)C(=O)c2cc(F)c(cc12)N3CCN(C)CC3

InChI

1S/C17H20FN3O3.CH4O3S.2H2O/c1-3-20-10-12(17(23)24)16(22)11-8-13(18)15(9-14(11)20)21-6-4-19(2)5-7-21;1-5(2,3)4;;/h8-10H,3-7H2,1-2H3,(H,23,24);1H3,(H,2,3,4);2*1H2

InChI key

LEULAXMUNMRLPW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: fluoroquinolone

Application

Pefloxacin is a synthetic broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic that is effective against most gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. It is used to treat gonococcal urethritis and for gram-negative-bacterial infections in the gastrointestinal system and the genitourinary tract. Pefloxacin mesylate dihydrate has been used to induce achilles tendon toxicity in rodents. It′s cytotoxicity and uptake have been studied in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes.

Packaging

10, 50 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Pefloxacin inhibits the bacterial enzymes DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV, which are needed for the transcription and replication of bacterial DNA. DNA gyrase is thought to be the primary quinolone target for gram-negative bacteria. Topoisomerase IV is thought to be the primary target in gram-positive organisms. The inhibition of the topoisomerases results in strand breakage of the bacterial chromosome, supercoiling, and resealing. Therefore, DNA replication and transcription is inhibited . Pefloxacin is an analog of norfloxacin.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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