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P0409

Sigma-Aldrich

Prostaglandin E2

synthetic, powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

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Synonym(s):
(5Z,11α,13E,15S)-11,15-Dihydroxy-9-oxoprosta-5,13-dienoic acid, Dinoprostone, PGE2
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H32O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
352.47
Beilstein:
4709356
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
42020658
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

biological source

synthetic

Quality Level

product line

BioReagent

Assay

≥93% (HPLC)

form

powder

potency

0.25-100 ng/mL

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

solubility

acetone: 10 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

O[C@@H]1CC([C@H](C/C=C\CCCC(O)=O)[C@H]1/C=C/[C@@H](O)CCCCC)=O

InChI

1S/C20H32O5/c1-2-3-6-9-15(21)12-13-17-16(18(22)14-19(17)23)10-7-4-5-8-11-20(24)25/h4,7,12-13,15-17,19,21,23H,2-3,5-6,8-11,14H2,1H3,(H,24,25)/b7-4-,13-12+/t15-,16+,17+,19+/m0/s1

InChI key

XEYBRNLFEZDVAW-ARSRFYASSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
P6532P5640538904
Prostaglandin E2 synthetic, powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Sigma-Aldrich

P0409

Prostaglandin E2

Prostaglandin E2 γ-irradiated, powder, BioXtra, suitable for cell culture

Sigma-Aldrich

P6532

Prostaglandin E2

Prostaglandin E2 ≥93% (HPLC), synthetic

Sigma-Aldrich

P5640

Prostaglandin E2

Prostaglandin E2 Involved in vasodilator actions of kinins such as bradykinin.

Sigma-Aldrich

538904

Prostaglandin E2

product line

BioReagent

product line

BioXtra

product line

-

product line

-

assay

≥93% (HPLC)

assay

-

assay

≥93% (HPLC)

assay

>98% (HPLC)

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

form

solid

potency

0.25-100 ng/mL

potency

0.25-100 ng/mL

potency

-

potency

-

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

-

General description

Prostaglandin E2 is a lipid that is obtained from arachidonic acid. Prostaglandin hormone is synthesized by the activity of cycloxygenase-2. Prostaglandin E2 controls inflammatory responses and vascular smooth muscle activity.

Application

Prostaglandin E2 has been used as a α-MEM medium supplement for the co-culture of bone marrow macrophages and differentiated osteoblast. It has also been used in the characterization of cells and in vitro decidualization.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Most biologically active prostaglandin. PGE2 induces cervical ripening and parturition; mediates bradykinin-induced vasodilation; regulates adenylyl cyclase. Tumor cells that over-express cyclooxygenase 2 display increased invasiveness, angiogenesis, and resistance to apoptosis that may be due to the PGE2-induced expression of angiogenic factors and stabilization of the anti-apoptotic protein, survivin.The effect of PGE2 on the immune system is mixed. It inhibits T cell activation in vitro, suggesting it is an immunosuppressant. However, in vivo, it appears to effect expansion of the Th17 subset and differentiation of the Th1 subset of T helper cells, marking it as an immunoactivator.
Prostaglandin E2 is a signaling molecule produced by activated platelets. The release of PGE2 by activated platelets is part of a mechanism by which activated platelets utilize adjacent erythrocytes to help in clot formation. This product was shown to lower the filterability of human erythrocytes by approximately 30% at a concentration of 10-10sup M and also caused a reduction in mean cell volume by about 10%. The cause of cell shrinkage was the induction of a PGE2- stimulated K+ efflux pathway leading to rapid loss of cellular K+ ions. This loss was shown to be Ca2+dependent. PGE2 has been shown to stimulate the production of interleukin-6 (IL-6) by neonatal mouse parietal bones. After 6 hours in culture, cells stimulated with 10-8sup M PGE2 produced significantly more IL-6 than controls. The pyrogenic activity of PGE2 was not inhibited by dexamethasone, unlike prostaglandin F2α.

Most biologically active prostaglandin. PGE2 induces cervical ripening and parturition; mediates bradykinin-induced vasodilation; regulates adenylyl cyclase. Tumor cells that over-express cyclooxygenase 2 display increased invasiveness, angiogenesis, and resistance to apoptosis that may be due to the PGE2-induced expression of angiogenic factors and stabilization of the anti-apoptotic protein, survivin.

Physical form

powder -20 °C; stock-frozen in working aliquots, avoid repeated freeze/thaw

Pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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