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P1274

Sigma-Aldrich

Poly-L-lysine hydrobromide

mol wt 70,000-150,000 by viscosity

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Synonym(s):
L-Lysine homopolymer hydrobromide
CAS Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26

form

solid

Quality Level

mol wt

70,000-150,000 by viscosity

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

color

white to off-white

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

Cl.NCCCCC(N)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C18H38N6O4/c19-10-4-1-7-13(22)16(25)23-14(8-2-5-11-20)17(26)24-15(18(27)28)9-3-6-12-21/h13-15H,1-12,19-22H2,(H,23,25)(H,24,26)(H,27,28)/t13-,14-,15-/m0/s1

InChI key

WBSCNDJQPKSPII-KKUMJFAQSA-N

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This Item
P1399P1524P2636
technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

bioconjugation: suitable, cell culture | mammalian: suitable

color

white to off-white

color

white to off-white

color

white to off-white

color

white to faint yellow

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

mol wt

70,000-150,000 by viscosity

mol wt

150,000-300,000

mol wt

≥300,000

mol wt

30,000-70,000

Application

Poly-L-lysine polymers can be used in promoting cell adhesion to solid substrates, conjugation to methotrexate for increased drug transport, microencapsulation of islets, cell microencapsulation technology, microarray glass slide coating, and chromosomal preparations. Lower molecular weight poly-L-lysine (30,000-70,000) is less viscuous in solution, but higher molecular weight versions provide more attachment sites per molecule.

Poly-L-lysine hydrobromide is used for the following applications:
  • Used for some experiments with REF-52 cells, for coating
  • For electrophysiological experiments, cells were seeded on poly-L-lysine hydrobromide coated or uncoated cover-slips
  • Cell culture of rat neurons
  • Indirect binding of monoclonal antibody via poly-llysine

Biochem/physiol Actions

Poly-L-lysine is a nonspecific attachment factor for cells useful in promoting cell adhesion to solid substrates by enhancing electrostatic interaction between negatively charged ions of the cell membrane and the culture surface. When it is absorbed to the cell culture surface, poly-L-lysine functions to increase the number of positively charged sites available for cell binding. With cells that can digest poly-L-lysine, poly-D-lysine should be used as the attachment factor.

Components

Poly-L-lysine is a positively charged amino acid polymer with approximately one HBr per lysine residue. The hydrobromide allows the poly-L-lysine to be in a crystalline form soluble in water. A small amount of product may be found in the beta structure because the HBr interferes with hydrogen bonding between amino and either the carboxyl groups or N or O containing moieties.

Caution

Sterile solutions are stable for up to 2 years when stored at 2-8°C. It should be stored desiccated at -20°C.

Preparation Note

This product has a molecular weight of 70,000-150,000. To remove the HBr, dissolve this product in a neutral buffer and dialyze to remove the salts. None of the poly-L-lysine products have been exposed to trifluoroacetic acid and are dialyzed to remove any monomers, dimmers, or trimers, confirmed by thin layer chromatography. In general, to use this product as an attachment factor, add 50 mL of sterile tissue culture grade water to 5 mg of poly-lysine, and aseptically coat the surface with 1 mL per 25 cm2 of solution. After 5 minutes, remove the solution through aspiration and thoroughly rinse the surface. Let dry for two hours before introducing cells and medium.

Analysis Note

Molecular weight based on viscosity and is also assayed by MALLS.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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