P4912

Sigma-Aldrich

Phospholipase D from Streptomyces sp.

Type VII, lyophilized powder, ≥150 units/mg solid

Synonym(s):
Phosphatidylcholine phosphatidohydrolase, Lecithinase D
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.54

Quality Level

type

Type VII

form

lyophilized powder

specific activity

≥150 units/mg solid

storage temp.

−20°C

Application

Phospholipase D (PLD) has been used to hydrolyze the phosphate bonds of phospholipids and sphingomyelin to yield the corresponding phosphatidic acid. It has also been used to study metabolic labeling and direct imaging of choline phospholipids in vivo by measuring propargyl-Cho incorporation. Furthermore, PLD has been used in purification and kinetic studies.
The enzyme from Sigma has been used in the translocation of sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) to membrane fractions under in vitro conditions. It has also been used to produce phosphatidic acid (PA) from phosphatidylcholine (PC) in HL60 permeabilized cells.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Phospholipase D is glycerophospholipid-specific. It is markedly less active on sphingomyelins and lysophospholipids. Phospholipase D hydrolyzes the phosphate bonds of phospholipids and sphingomyelin to give the corresponding phosphatidic acid.
Hydrolyzes the phosphate bonds of phospholipids and sphingomyelin to give the corresponding phosphatidic acid.

Packaging

Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.

Unit Definition

One unit will liberate 1.0 μmole of choline from 1,2-Dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine per hour at pH 8.0 at 37 °C.

Analysis Note

Protein by biuret

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Christine Delon et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 279(43), 44763-44774 (2004-08-18)
Sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) phosphorylates sphingosine to generate sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). Because both substrate and product of the enzyme are potentially important signaling molecules, the regulation of SK1 is of considerable interest. We report that SK1, which is ordinarily a...
Kathryn Garner et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 287(38), 32263-32276 (2012-07-24)
Phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins (PITPs) are versatile proteins required for signal transduction and membrane traffic. The best characterized mammalian PITPs are the Class I PITPs, PITPα (PITPNA) and PITPβ (PITPNB), which are single domain proteins with a hydrophobic cavity that binds...
Milya Davlieva et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 57(1), 289-296 (2012-11-02)
Daptomycin (DAP) resistance in enterococci has been linked to mutations in genes that alter the cell envelope stress response (CESR) (liaFSR) and changes in enzymes that directly affect phospholipid homeostasis, and these changes may alter membrane composition, such as that...
Jonathan J Ipsaro et al.
Nature, 491(7423), 279-283 (2012-10-16)
PIWI-family proteins and their associated small RNAs (piRNAs) act in an evolutionarily conserved innate immune mechanism to provide essential protection for germ-cell genomes against the activity of mobile genetic elements. piRNA populations comprise a molecular definition of transposons, which permits...
Viviana Trezza et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 32(43), 14899-14908 (2012-10-27)
The brain endocannabinoid system plays a crucial role in emotional processes. We have previously identified an important role for endocannabinoids in social play behavior, a highly rewarding form of social interaction in adolescent rats. Here, we tested the hypothesis that...

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