P6407

Sigma-Aldrich

Poly-D-lysine hydrobromide

mol wt 70,000-150,000, lyophilized powder, γ-irradiated, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
PDL
Linear Formula:
D-Lys-(D-Lys)n-D-Lys · xHBr
CAS Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.75

Quality Level

sterility

γ-irradiated

product line

BioReagent
BioXtra

form

lyophilized powder

mol wt

70,000-150,000

packaging

pkg of 10 X 5 mg
pkg of 5 mg

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

solubility

H2O: soluble 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

O=C(C)[C@@](NC)([H])CCCCN.[Br]

InChI

1S/C6H14N2O2.BrH/c7-4-2-1-3-5(8)6(9)10;/h5H,1-4,7-8H2,(H,9,10);1H

InChI key

MEXAGTSTSPYCEP-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Related Categories

Packaging

5, 10×5 mg in glass bottle

Application

Poly-D-lysine polymers can be used in preparing surfaces for cell attachment. The D-lysine polymers can also be used with cells that digest poly-L-lysine polymers and cause an excessive uptake of L-lysine.

This product is recommended as a cell culture substratum when using 0.5 - 1.0 mL of a 0.1 mg/mL solution to coat 25 cm2. Lower molecular weight versions of the product are less viscous, but high more molecular weight versions provide more attachment sites per molecule.

Biochem/physiol Actions

This product is a nonspecific attachment factor for cells useful in promoting cell adhesion to solid substrates by enhancing electrostatic interaction between negatively charged ions of the cell membrane and the culture surface. After absorption to the culture surface, poly-D-lysine increases the number of positively charged cell binding sites.

Components

Poly-D-lysine is a positively charged amino acid polymer with approximately one HBr per lysine residue. The hydrobromide allows the poly-D-lysine to be in a crystalline form soluble in water. A small amount of product may be found in the ß structure because the HBr interferes with hydrogen bonding between amino and either the carboxyl groups or N or O containing moieties.

Caution

Sterile solutions are stable for up to 2 years when stored at 2-8°C. It should be stored desiccated at -20°C.

Preparation Note

This product has a molecular weight of 70,000-150,000 and is cell culture tested and gamma-irradiated. To remove the HBr, dissolve this product in a neutral buffer and dialyze to remove the salts. In general, to use this product as an attachment factor, add 50 mL of sterile tissue culture grade water to 5 mg of poly-lysine, and aseptically coat the surface with 1 mL per 25 cm2 of solution. After 5 minutes, remove the solution through aspiration and thoroughly rinse the surface. Let dry for two hours before introducing cells and medium.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. Do you have a protocol for coating cell cultureware or glass coverslips/slides with Product P6407, Poly-D-Lysine?

    The protocol for coating surfaces with poly-D-lysine is the same as for poly-L-lysine.  The optimal conditions must be determined for each cell line and application. In general, the following steps can be used.1. Add 50 ml of sterile tissue culture grade water to 5 mg of poly-D-lysine.2. Aseptically coat culture surface with 0.5-1.0 ml of solution per 25 cm2. Rock gently to ensure even coating of the culture surface.3. After 5 minutes, remove solution by aspiration and thoroughly rinse surface with sterile tissue culture grade water.4. Allow to dry at least two hours before introducing cells and medium.

  3. Does Product P6407, Poly-D-lysine hydrobromide, need to be dialyzed to remove the hydrogen bromide?

    The hydrogen bromide will not interfere with the cell growth.  The hydrogen bromide salts are used to make our poly-L-lysine solutions that are cell culture tested.  For these products, there is no interference in cell growth from the bromide.

  4. Why would I use Product P6407, Poly-D-lysine hydrobromide, instead of poly-L-lysine?

    Certain cells can digest poly-L-lysine, in which case the poly-D-lysine should be used.

  5. How do I determine which molecular weight range of poly-lysine to use?

    Poly-lysine is used to coat surfaces to increase the charge present. The lower molecular weight poly-L-lysine (30-70 kD) is easier to use because it is less viscous in solution, but the higher molecular weight poly-L-lysine (>300 kD) provides more attachment sites per molecule. The mid-range product has a molecular weight range of 70-150 kD.  Please check the literature for information on the molecular weight range used for your cell type.

  6. How should I store solutions of poly-lysine?

    Poly-lysine solutions (0.1 to 1 mg/ml) can be sterile-filtered (0.2 um) and should be stored at 2-8 °C.  Solutions should not be stored frozen as thawing can cause a decrease in the size (molecular weight range) of the polymer.

  7. What protocol should I follow for coating Transwells with Product P6407, Poly-D-lysine dihydrochloride?

    The same protocol can be followed for coating plates with poly-lysine.  The transwell membrane is immersed in the poly-lysine solution.

  8. How long can I store poly-lysine coated slides or plates?

    Plates and/or slides can be stored after drying, protected from dust for up to 1 year.  Inspect the plates/slides to make sure there are no cracks in the coating prior to use.  Each lab should determine the maximum length of time for storage based on the application.

  9. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  10. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

Charles Van der Henst et al.
Nature communications, 9(1), 3460-3460 (2018-08-29)
Vibrio cholerae, which causes the diarrheal disease cholera, is a species of bacteria commonly found in aquatic habitats. Within such environments, the bacterium must defend itself against predatory protozoan grazers. Amoebae are prominent grazers, with Acanthamoeba castellanii being one of...
Yunze Yang et al.
ACS nano, 12(5), 4186-4193 (2018-03-24)
Action potentials in neurons have been studied traditionally by intracellular electrophysiological recordings and more recently by the fluorescence detection methods. Here we describe a label-free optical imaging method that can measure mechanical motion in single cells with a sub-nanometer detection...
Katherine A Mifflin et al.
Pain, 160(4), 870-881 (2018-12-13)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, neurodegenerative autoimmune disease associated with sensory and motor dysfunction. Although estimates vary, ∼50% of patients with MS experience pain during their disease. The mechanisms underlying the development of pain are not fully understood, and...
Thibaut Brunet et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 366(6463), 326-334 (2019-10-19)
Collective cell contractions that generate global tissue deformations are a signature feature of animal movement and morphogenesis. However, the origin of collective contractility in animals remains unclear. While surveying the Caribbean island of Curaçao for choanoflagellates, the closest living relatives...
Simon D Klapper et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 14450-14450 (2017-11-02)
The widespread application of human stem-cell-derived neurons for functional studies is impeded by complicated differentiation protocols, immaturity, and deficient optogene expression as stem cells frequently lose transgene expression over time. Here we report a simple but precise Cre-loxP-based strategy for...
Articles
Poly-Lysine enhances electrostatic interaction between negatively-charged ions of the cell membrane and positively-charged surface ions of attachment factors on the culture surface. When adsorbed to the culture surface, it increases the number of positively-charged sites available for cell binding.
Read More
Cancer stem cell media, spheroid plates and cancer stem cell markers to culture and characterize CSC populations.
Read More
Extracellular matrix proteins such as laminin, collagen, and fibronectin can be used as cell attachment substrates in cell culture.
Read More
Protocols
Polyamino acids facilitate the attachment of cells and proteins to solid surfaces in biological applications. In cell cultures normal attachment, growth, and development of many cell types are dependent on attachment factors and extracellular matrix components.
Read More

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.