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P6774

Sigma-Aldrich

Phosphatase, Alkaline from bovine intestinal mucosa

buffered aqueous solution, ≥2,000 DEA units/mg protein

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Synonym(s):
Alkaline phosphatase, Orthophosphoric-monoester phosphohydrolase (alkaline optimum)
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
42010105
NACRES:
NA.54

biological source

bovine intestinal mucosa

Quality Level

form

buffered aqueous solution

specific activity

≥2,000 DEA units/mg protein

mol wt

dimer ~160 kDa

concentration

5-20 mg/mL

storage temp.

2-8°C

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This Item
A2356P0114P5521
biological source

bovine intestinal mucosa

biological source

-

biological source

-

biological source

-

concentration

5-20 mg/mL

concentration

≥10 mg/mL

concentration

≥10 mg/mL

concentration

≥1.0 mg/mL

mol wt

dimer ~160 kDa

mol wt

dimer ~160 kDa

mol wt

dimer ~160 kDa

mol wt

dimer ~160 kDa

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

Application

Alkaline phosphatase can be used to dephosphorylate casein and other proteins. Alkaline phosphatase may be also be used to dephosphorylate the 5′-termini of DNA or RNA to prevent self-ligation. DNA or RNA can also be tagged with radiolabeled phosphate (via T4 polynucleotide kinase) after dephosphorylation with alkaline phosphatase..
Alkaline phosphatase is used for conjugation to antibodies and other proteins for ELISA, Western blotting, and histochemical detection. It is routinely used to dephosphorylate proteins, such as casein, and nucleic acids. It may be used for protein labeling when high sensitivity is required. Alkaline phosphatase may be also be used to dephosphorylate the 5′-termini of DNA or RNA to prevent self-ligation. DNA or RNA can also be tagged with radiolabeled phosphate (via T4 polynucleotide kinase) after dephosphorylation with alkaline phosphatase.. Product P6774 has been used during preparation of brain lysate.
High specific activity grade recommended for antibody and protein conjugation.
The enzyme from Sigma has been used in the preparation of AP-BGG (alkaline phosphatase-bovine gamma globulin) conjugates. It has been conjugated to sheep anti-rabbit IgG and sheep anti-rabbit IgM in immunological assays. It has also been used to prepare double-enzyme conjugates with HRP for the simultaneous detection of three different intracellular Ig determinants in a single tissue section.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Alkaline phosphatase, from bovine intestinal mucosa, is most stable in the pH range 7.5-9.5. The enzyme has a broad specificity for phosphate esters of alcohols, amines, pyrophosphate, and phenols and it requires zinc, and magnesium or calcium divalent ions for activity.
The enzyme has a broad specificity for phosphate esters of alcohols, amines, pyrophosphate, and phenols. It is routinely used to dephosphorylate proteins and nucleic acids.
The enzyme is a glycoprotein containing approximately 12% carbohydrate (6% hexoses and 6% other neutral sugars). Each molecule of alkaline phosphatase contains four zinc atoms and four disulfide bridges. Maximal activity with alkaline phosphatase is achieved in the presence of magnesium. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphate monoesters such as p-nitrophenyl phosphate, phenyl phosphate, phenolphthalein phosphate, α-glycerol phosphate, β-glycerol phosphate, 2-phosphorylglycerate, triosephosphate, glucose-6-phosphate, glucose 1-phosphate, fructose 1-phosphate, fructose 6-phosphate, adenosine 5-phosphate adenosine 3-phosphate, phosphoenolpyruvate, and β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. Arsenate, cysteine, iodine, inorganic phosphate, pyrophosphate, diisopropyl phosphate, triphenylphosphate, diisopropyl fluorophosphate, and L-phenylalanine are some of the strong inhibitors of alkaline phosphatase.

Physical properties

Bovine intestinal alkaline phosphatase is a dimeric, membrane-derived glycoprotein. At least three isoforms exist, which typically possess two N-linked and one or more O-linked glycans per monomer.
Bovine intestinal alkaline phosphatase is a dimeric, membrane-derived glycoprotein. At least three isoforms exist, which typically possess two N-linked and one or more O-linked glycans per monomer.2 The enzyme requires zinc, and magnesium or calcium divalent ions for activity.

Unit Definition

One DEA unit will hydrolyze 1 μmole of 4-nitrophenyl phosphate per minute at pH 9.8 at 37 °C. (One glycine unit is equivalent to ~3 DEA units)

Physical form

Solution in 3.0 M NaCl containing 5 mM MgCl2, 0.2 mM ZnCl2, and 30 mM triethanolamine, pH 7.6

Preparation Note

Affinity purified

Analysis Note

Package sizes are based on DEA units
Protein determined by biuret.

Storage Class

10 - Combustible liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US)


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Guy Miranda et al.
Food chemistry: X, 5, 100080-100080 (2020-03-04)
Here we describe a method based on Liquid Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) that provides an accurate determination of the six main bovine milk proteins, including allelic and splicing variants, as well as isoforms resulting from post-translational modifications, with
N Van Rooijen et al.
Immunology, 51(3), 417-421 (1984-03-01)
Mice were injected intravenously with 2 mg of a bovine gamma globulin-penicilloyl (BGG-Pen) conjugate. Cells producing specific antibodies against the protein carrier bovine gamma globulin (BGG) and cells producing specific antibodies against the hapten penicilloyl (Pen) could be distinguished simultaneously
E Claassen et al.
The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society, 34(4), 423-428 (1986-04-01)
A new double-enzyme conjugate was synthesized by coupling alkaline phosphatase (AP) to horseradish peroxidase (HRP). After AP (blue) and subsequent HRP (red) cytochemistry, this new conjugate produced a stable intermediate-colored (violet) product. By coupling this double-enzyme conjugate to an antigen
Rob U Onyenwoke et al.
Molecular biology of the cell, 23(2), 381-389 (2011-11-25)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a key energy sensor that regulates metabolism to maintain cellular energy balance. AMPK activation has also been proposed to mimic benefits of caloric restriction and exercise. Therefore, identifying downstream AMPK targets could elucidate new mechanisms
N Van Rooijen et al.
The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society, 32(7), 677-680 (1984-07-01)
Rabbits were primed intravenously with human serum albumin (HSA) and boosted with the same antigen 2 months later. Cells producing specific antibodies against HSA could be detected in vivo and it could be determined whether or not they belonged to

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Alkaline Phosphatase, Diethanolamine Assay (EC 3. 1. 3. 1)

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