P9542

Sigma-Aldrich

Protein kinase Cγ isozyme human

>95% (SDS-PAGE), recombinant, expressed in baculovirus infected insect cells, buffered aqueous glycerol solution

Synonym(s):
Ca2+-activated phospholipid-dependent serine-threonine kinase γ isozyme human, PKCγ human
Enzyme Commission number:
MDL number:

recombinant

expressed in baculovirus infected insect cells

assay

>95% (SDS-PAGE)

form

buffered aqueous glycerol solution

mol wt

77-84 kDa by SDS-PAGE

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−70°C

Gene Information

human ... PRKCG(5582)

Biochem/physiol Actions

Protein Kinase C (PKC) is a serine/threonine kinase that is activated intracellularly by signal transduction pathways that produce DAG from phosphatidylinositol diphosphate (PIP2) and phosphatidylcholine (PC) through the action of various activated phospholipases. Phorbol esters also stimulate PKC. At least 11 PKC isozymes have been identified that differ in primary structure, tissue distribution, subcellular localization, response to extracellular signals, and substrate specificity. The isozymes can be grouped into three subfamilies. Members of the first family require Ca2+ and phospholipid and include PKCα, βI, βII, and γ. Members of the second family are phospholipid-dependent but Ca2+-independent, and include PKCδ, ε, η, and θ. Members of the third family are not activated by either DAG or phorbol esters and include PKCξ, μ, and ι.
Phosphorylation appears to be an important mechanism of regulation of all PKCs. PKC plays a role in the regulation of cell transformation, growth, differentiation, ruffling, vesicle trafficking, apoptosis and gene expression.

Unit Definition

One unit will transfer 1 nmol of phosphate to histone H3 in 1 min at pH 7.4 at 30 °C.

Physical form

Solution in 20 mM HEPES, pH 7.4; 2 mM EDTA, 2 mM EGTA, 5 mM DTT, 250 mM NaCl, 0.05% Triton X-100, and 50% glycerol.

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Jun Hou et al.
Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, 7(1), 105-114 (2011-12-03)
A challenge of cancer therapy is to optimize therapeutical options to individual patients. Cancers with similar histology may show dramatically different responses to therapy, indicating that a refined approach needs to be developed to classify tumors by intrinsic characteristics that...
Hai Huang et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 138(12), 2477-2485 (2011-05-13)
Post-translational modification by the small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) is important for a variety of cellular and developmental processes. However, the precise mechanism(s) that connects sumoylation to specific developmental signaling pathways remains relatively less clear. Here, we show that Smt3 knockdown...
Oliver Batistic et al.
The Plant journal : for cell and molecular biology, 61(2), 211-222 (2009-10-17)
During adaptation and developmental processes cells respond through nonlinear calcium-decoding signaling cascades, the principal components of which have been identified. However, the molecular mechanisms generating specificity of cellular responses remain poorly understood. Calcineurin B-like (CBL) proteins contribute to decoding calcium...
YuZhi Qin et al.
Science in China. Series C, Life sciences, 51(5), 391-401 (2008-09-13)
Calcium and protein kinase serve as the common mediators to regulate plant responses to multiple stresses including salt and ABA stimulus. Here we reported a novel protein kinase (CIPK14) that regulated the responses to ABA treatment and salt stress in...
YuZhi Qin et al.
Science China. Life sciences, 53(11), 1307-1314 (2010-11-04)
In this study, we show that CIPK14, a stress responsive CBL-interacting protein kinase gene, is involved in phytochrome A-mediated far-red light inhibition of greening in Arabidopsis seedlings. The CIPK14-impairment mutant cipk14 grown in continuous far-red (FR) light did not show...

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