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P9767

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium palmitate

≥98.5%

Synonym(s):
Hexadecanoic acid sodium salt, Palmitic acid sodium salt
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)14COONa
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
278.41
Beilstein:
3575882
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

biological source

plant (palm)

assay

≥98.5%

form

powder

mp

283-290 °C (lit.)

functional group

ester

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

[Na+].CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C16H32O2.Na/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16(17)18;/h2-15H2,1H3,(H,17,18);/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

GGXKEBACDBNFAF-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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Application

Sodium palmitate (PA) has been used:
  • to induce inflammation and thrombosis pathway in murine macrophage cell line RAW 264.7 cell line by activating reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, Janus-kinase (JNK) signalling and release of histone H3 by western blotting and cell viability by MTT assay
  • to induce lipogenesis in AML12 cells and primary hepatocytes to analyse the effect of irisin on PA induced lipogenesis and related signal pathways by western blot analysis and quantitative PCR analysis
  • as a component in free fatty acid mixture to induce cellular steatosis in HepG2 cell lines and determination of lipid accumulation by Oil-Red-O staining

Packaging

5, 10, 50 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Sodium palmitate is the sodium salt of palmitic acid, a component in hard soaps. Palmitic acid is a common saturated fatty acid and produced during fatty acid synthesis. Sodium palmitate enhances lipogenesis, cellular steatosis in various cell lines. Palmitate induces cell death in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)/neu-positive cells and breast cancer cell lines like MCF-7 due to enhanced fatty acid accumulation. Sodium palmitate induces lipoapoptosis in L02 and HepG2 liver cells by inducing glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β) expression.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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