All Photos(1)

R3255

Sigma-Aldrich

13-cis-Retinoic acid

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
Isotretinoin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H28O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
300.44
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

application(s)

HPLC: suitable

color

yellow to yellow-orange

mp

172-175 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

[H]\C(C(O)=O)=C(C)\C=C\C=C(C)\C=C\C1=C(C)CCCC1(C)C

InChI

1S/C20H28O2/c1-15(8-6-9-16(2)14-19(21)22)11-12-18-17(3)10-7-13-20(18,4)5/h6,8-9,11-12,14H,7,10,13H2,1-5H3,(H,21,22)/b9-6+,12-11+,15-8+,16-14-

InChI key

SHGAZHPCJJPHSC-XFYACQKRSA-N

Gene Information

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Related Categories

Application

13-cis-Retinoic acid has been used:
  • as a component of fresh media for LA-N-5 differentiation
  • to treat medulloblastoma cells for cell differentiation
  • to treat spheroids for generating time-lapse videos
  • to examine its head- deforming activity under light and dark conditions in Xenopus laevis

Packaging

100, 250, 500 mg in ampule

Biochem/physiol Actions

13-cis-Retinoic acid (RA) has anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor action. The action of RA is mediated through RAR-β and RAR-α receptors. RA attenuates iNOS expression and activity in cytokine-stimulated murine mesangial cells. It induces mitochondrial membrane permeability transition, observed as swelling and as a decrease in membrane potential, and stimulates the release of cytochrome c implicating mechanisms through the apoptosis pathway. These activities are reversed by EGTA and cyclosporin A. RA also increases MMP-1 protein expression partially via increased transcription.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Gene Regulation research. Click here to discover more featured Gene Regulation products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. R3255.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Repr. 1B - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

M P Rigobello et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 58(4), 665-670 (1999-07-21)
Retinoic acids, structurally related to vitamin A, inhibit the in vitro proliferation of different types of normal and neoplastic cells. The effects of all-trans, 9-cis, and 13-cis retinoic acids were tested on mitochondria isolated from rat liver. All the compounds...
Differential expression, distinct localization and opposite effect on Golgi structure and cell differentiation by a novel splice variant of human PRMT5
Sohail M , et al.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research, 1853(10), 2444-2452 (2015)
Induction of pronephric tubules by activin and retinoic acid in presumptive ectoderm of Xenopus laevis
Moriya N, et al.
Development, Growth & Differentiation, 35(2), 123-128 (1993)
Live multicellular tumor spheroid models for high-content imaging and screening in cancer drug discovery
Reid B G, et al.
Current Chemical Genomics and Translational Medicine, 8(Suppl-1), 27-27 (2014)
Raoud Marayati et al.
Translational oncology, 14(1), 100893-100893 (2020-10-04)
Retinoic acid (RA) therapy has been utilized as maintenance therapy for high-risk neuroblastoma, but over half of patients treated with RA relapse. Neuroblastoma stem cell-like cancer cells (SCLCCs) are a subpopulation of cells characterized by the expression of the cell...

Articles

Retinoic Acid and Gene Expression

All-trans retinoic acid (RA, ATRA) is a pleiotropic activation factor that regulates genes associated with normal vertebrate cellular processes such as cell differentiation, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and embryonic development.

Retinoic Acid and Gene Expression

All-trans retinoic acid (RA, ATRA) is a pleiotropic activation factor that regulates genes associated with normal vertebrate cellular processes such as cell differentiation, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and embryonic development.

Related Content

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Gene Regulation

We offer a variety of small molecule research tools, such as transcription factor modulators, inhibitors of chromatin modifying enzymes, and agonists/antagonists for target identification and validation in gene regulation research; a selection of these research tools is shown below.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service