R7752

Sigma-Aldrich

Ristomycin monosulfate

≥90% ristocetin A basis (balance primarily Ristocetin B)

Synonym(s):
Ristocetin sulfate salt
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C95H110N8O44 · H2SO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
2166.00
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

assay

≥90% ristocetin A basis (balance primarily Ristocetin B)

Mode of action

cell wall synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

COC(=O)[C@@H]1NC(=O)[C@H]2NC(=O)C(NC(=O)[C@@H]3NC(=O)[C@H]4NC(=O)[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](N)c5ccc(O)c(Oc6cc4cc(O)c6C)c5)[C@H](O)c7ccc(Oc8cc3cc(Oc9ccc(cc9)[C@H]2O[C@H]%10C[C@@H](N)[C@@H](O)[C@H](C)O%10)c8O[C@@H]%11O[C@H](CO[C@@H]%12O[C@@H](C)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]%12O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]%11O[C@H]%13O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H]%13O[C@@H]%14OC[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]%14O)cc7)c%15ccc(O)c(c%15)-c%16c(O[C@@H]%17O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H]%17O)cc(O)cc1%16

InChI

1S/C95H110N8O44/c1-30-47(109)18-37-20-49(30)139-50-19-35(9-16-46(50)108)59(97)84(125)102-64-68(113)33-5-11-40(12-6-33)137-52-21-38-22-53(81(52)145-95-83(76(121)72(117)56(143-95)29-134-91-78(123)73(118)67(112)32(3)136-91)147-94-82(75(120)71(116)55(27-105)142-94)146-92-77(122)69(114)48(110)28-133-92)138-41-13-7-34(8-14-41)80(144-57-25-44(96)66(111)31(2)135-57)65-89(130)101-63(90(131)132-4)43-23-39(106)24-51(140-93-79(124)74(119)70(115)54(26-104)141-93)58(43)42-17-36(10-15-45(42)107)60(85(126)103-65)98-87(128)62(38)99-86(127)61(37)100-88(64)129/h5-24,31-32,44,48,54-57,59-80,82-83,91-95,104-124H,25-29,96-97H2,1-4H3,(H,98,128)(H,99,127)(H,100,129)(H,101,130)(H,102,125)(H,103,126)/t31-,32-,44+,48+,54+,55+,56+,57-,59+,60?,61-,62+,63?,64+,65-,66-,67-,68+,69+,70+,71+,72+,73+,74-,75-,76-,77-,78+,79-,80+,82-,83+,91+,92-,93+,94+,95-/m0/s1

InChI key

VUOPFFVAZTUEGW-ZNAZZOOYSA-N

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Related Categories

General description

Ristomycin/ristocetin is a type III glycopeptide. It is a highly glycosylated glycopeptide, previously found in Amycolatopsis lurida.

Application

Ristomycin monosulfate has been used:
  • to activate platelet and induce platelet aggregation
  • to study the aggregation responses of platelets from buffalo, horse, pig and sheep
  • in in-house ristocetin cofactor von Willebrand factor (VWF:RCo) assay to measure glycoprotein Ib (GpIb) binding activity

Packaging

100, 250 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Ristocetin activates platelets. Ristocetin-induced platelet agglutination (RIPA) is decreased in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis. Together with increased plasma glycocalicin levels (a product of enzymatic cleavage of GPIb), RIPA may contribute to diminished platelet adhesion to vascular subendothelium and increased bleeding associated with uremia. Addition of ristocetin and vWf caused specific agglutination of rGPIbα-liposomes suporting the potential use of rGPIbα-liposomes to enhance platelet function in vivo and support hemostasis in thrombocytopenic individuals.
Ristomycin possesses antibacterial activity. It may be used to diagnose von Willebrand disease and Bernard-Soulier syndrome. Ristocetin-induced platelet agglutination (RIPA) is decreased in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis. Increased plasma glycocalicin levels (a product of enzymatic cleavage of GPIb) and decreased RIPA might reduce platelet adhesion to vascular subendothelium and improve bleeding associated with uremia in patients with chronic hemodialysis.

Other Notes

Glycopeptide antibiotic complex

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Jordan, D.C. et al.
Antibiotics, 1, 84-84 (1967)
Bleeding Symptoms and von Willebrand Factor Levels: 30-Year Experience in a Tertiary Care Center
Moonla C, et al.
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis : Official Journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis (2019)
Novel antibodies against GPIb alpha inhibit pulmonary metastasis by affecting vWF-GPIb alpha interaction
Qi Y, et al.
Journal of Hematology & Oncology, 11(1), 117-117 (2018)
A Kasirer-Friede et al.
Thrombosis and haemostasis, 80(3), 428-436 (1998-10-06)
We recently reported that washed platelets (WP) activated with ADP and expressing surface-bound vWF aggregated in flow through small tubes or in a cylindrical couette device at physiological shear rates of G = 300 s(-1)-1000 s(-1) in the absence of...
Elevated plasma glycocalicin levels and decreased ristocetin-induced platelet agglutination in hemodialysis patients
Himmelfarb J, et al.
American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 32(1), 132-138 (1998)
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