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S3378

Sigma-Aldrich

Spironolactone

97.0-103.0%

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Synonym(s):
4-Pregnen-21-oic acid-17α-ol-3-one-7α-thiol γ-lactone 7-acetate, 7α-(Acetylthio)-17α-hydroxy-3-oxopregn-4-ene-21-carboxylic acid γ-lactone
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C24H32O4S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
416.57
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

97.0-103.0%

mp

207-208 °C (lit.)

solubility

chloroform: complete 50 mg/ml, clear, faintly yellow

SMILES string

CC(=O)S[C@@H]1CC2=CC(=O)CC[C@]2(C)[C@H]3CC[C@@]4(C)[C@@H](CC[C@@]45CCC(=O)O5)[C@H]13

InChI

1S/C24H32O4S/c1-14(25)29-19-13-15-12-16(26)4-8-22(15,2)17-5-9-23(3)18(21(17)19)6-10-24(23)11-7-20(27)28-24/h12,17-19,21H,4-11,13H2,1-3H3/t17-,18-,19+,21+,22-,23-,24+/m0/s1

InChI key

LXMSZDCAJNLERA-ZHYRCANASA-N

Gene Information

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1 of 4

This Item
PHR2886C31301619006
Spironolactone 97.0-103.0%

S3378

Spironolactone

Spironolactone pharmaceutical secondary standard, certified reference material

PHR2886

Spironolactone

Cortisone 21-acetate ≥99%

C3130

Cortisone 21-acetate

Spironolactone United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard

1619006

Spironolactone

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

-

solubility

chloroform: complete 50 mg/ml, clear, faintly yellow

solubility

-

solubility

chloroform: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

solubility

-

mp

207-208 °C (lit.)

mp

207-208 °C (lit.)

mp

237-240 °C (lit.)

mp

207-208 °C (lit.)

Gene Information

human ... HSD17B1(3292), NR3C2(4306)
rat ... Ar(24208)

Gene Information

-

Gene Information

human ... FNTA(2339), NR3C1(2908)

Gene Information

human ... NR3C2(4306)

Application

Spironolactone was added to rat diet to study the effect of long-term spironolactone use on renal function.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Spironolactone reduces aldosterone-induced potassium/magnesium loss and myocardial fibrosis. It reduces hypertension, improves the endothelial function and reduces the overall morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic heart failure. Spironolactone improves nitric oxide bioactivity and vascular endothelial vasodilator dysfunction.
Spironolactone is a competitive aldosterone receptor antagonist. Used as potassium sparing diuretic.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Nuclear Receptors (Steroids) page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Preparation Note

Spironolactone yields clear, faint yellow solution in chloroform at 50 mg/ml.

pictograms

Health hazard

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 2 - Repr. 1B - STOT RE 2

Storage Class

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type P2 (EN 143) respirator cartridges


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Jakob Nielsen et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 283(5), F923-F933 (2002-10-10)
Renal tubule profiling studies were carried out to investigate the long-term effects of administration of spironolactone, a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist, on abundances of the major Na transporter and Na channel proteins along the rat renal tubule. Oral administration of spironolactone
Donna A Volpe et al.
The AAPS journal, 16(1), 172-180 (2013-12-18)
Drug interactions due to efflux transporters may result in one drug increasing or decreasing the systemic exposure of a second drug. The potential for in vivo drug interactions is estimated through in vitro cell assays. Variability in in vitro parameter
P Moghetti et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 84(4), 1250-1254 (1999-04-13)
GnRH agonists (GnRHa) have recently been proposed for the treatment of hirsutism in women with the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). As most of these subjects have increased androgen secretion from both ovaries and adrenal glands, the association of GnRHa with
A Sato et al.
Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension, 22(1), 17-22 (1999-04-30)
There is increasing evidence for important cardiovascular effects of aldosterone via classical mineralocorticoid receptors in the heart. Administration of aldosterone with excess salt produces both cardiac hypertrophy and interstitial cardiac fibrosis in rats, and concomitant administration of potassium canrenoate at
Femke Waanders et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 296(5), F1072-F1079 (2009-02-27)
Chronic transplant dysfunction (CTD) is the leading cause of long-term renal allograft loss and is characterized by specific histological lesions including transplant vasculopathy, interstitial fibrosis, and focal glomerulosclerosis. Increasing evidence indicates that aldosterone is a direct mediator of renal damage

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