All Photos(2)

S6196

Sigma-Aldrich

Simvastatin

≥97% (HPLC), solid

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C25H38O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
418.57
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥97% (HPLC)

form

solid

color

white

mp

127-132 °C (lit.)

solubility

DMSO: ≥20 mg/mL

originator

Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, U.S.

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

[H][C@]12[C@H](C[C@@H](C)C=C1C=C[C@H](C)[C@@H]2CC[C@@H]3C[C@@H](O)CC(=O)O3)OC(=O)C(C)(C)CC

InChI

1S/C25H38O5/c1-6-25(4,5)24(28)30-21-12-15(2)11-17-8-7-16(3)20(23(17)21)10-9-19-13-18(26)14-22(27)29-19/h7-8,11,15-16,18-21,23,26H,6,9-10,12-14H2,1-5H3/t15-,16-,18+,19+,20-,21-,23-/m0/s1

InChI key

RYMZZMVNJRMUDD-HGQWONQESA-N

Gene Information

human ... HMGCR(3156)
rat ... Hmgcr(25675)

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General description

Simvastatin is a prodrug. Simvastatin is a semisynthetic derivative/analog of lovastatin. Simvastatin is insoluble in water but is soluble in polar organic solvents.

Application

Simvastatin has been used:
  • as an inhibitor of HMG CoA reductase (HMGCR)
  • to study its effects on epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the prognosis of patients with lung adenocarcinoma
  • in in vivo studies to test its effect on brain tumor−initiating cells (BTIC) viability and cell proliferation
  • to study the role of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette transporter A7 in phagocytosis of Jurkat cells
  • to study the effect on endothelial dysfunction and inflammation in mice

Packaging

5 mg in glass bottle
25 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Simvastatin is a specific inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate, an early step in cholesterol biosynthesis. It is used in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, as it reduces levels of low-density lipoproteins cholesterol and triglycerides, and raises high-density lipoprotein levels. Simvastatin is a lactone that is readily hydrolyzed in vivo to the corresponding β-hydroxyacid and can be activated prior to use with NaOH in EtOH treatment. It may also have beneficial effects on endothelial function, inflammation, smooth muscle cell function, vascular wall function, hemostasis and LDL oxidation.
Simvastatin is a specific inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate, an early step in cholesterol biosynthesis. It is used in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, as it reduces levels of low-density lipoproteins and triglycerides, and raises high-density lipoprotein levels. Simvastatin is a lactone that is readily hydrolyzed in vivo to the corresponding β-hydroxyacid, and can be activated prior to use with NaOH in EtOH treatment. It is a synthetic analog of lovastatin (Cat. No. M2147).

Features and Benefits

This compound was developed by Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, U.S.. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Repr. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. What is Product S6196, Simvastatin, soluble in?

    According to the chemicals encyclopedia published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, 14th ed., Entry # 8539, simvastatin is soluble in chloroform at 610 mg/mL, DMSO at 540 mg/mL, methanol at 200 mg/mL, ethanol at 160 mg/mL, 0.1 M HCl at 60 μg/mL, PEG-400 at 70 mg/mL, 0.1 M NaOH at 70 mg/mL, and water at 30 μg/mL. Please note that some of the values are given in milligrams per mL and others are in micrograms per mL.

  4. How is Product S6196, Simvastatin, activated?

    An activation procedure from M. Sadeghi, et al., J. Immunol., 165, 2712-2718 (2000) is:1. 4 mg of simvastatin is dissolved in 100 μl of ethanol.2. Then 150 μl of 0.1 N NaOH was added to the solution and subsequently incubated at 50 °C for 2 hours.3. The pH was brought to 7.0 by HCl, and the final concentration of the stock solution was adjusted to 4 mg/ml. The stock solution was kept at 4 °C.

  5. What is the solution stability of Product S6196, Simvastatin, in various solvents?

    Sigma-Aldrich has not determined the solution stability of simvastatin. One publication on the subject, published by Yang, H. et al., reports that a 50 mg/mL stock solution of simvastatin in methanol was stored for one month at 4°C. Reference: Determination of Simvastatin in human plasma by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.  J. Chromatography B, 785(2), 369-375 (2003).

  6. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  7. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  8. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Statins may have double-edged effects in patients with lung adenocarcinoma after lung resection
Nishikawa S, et al.
Cancer Management and Research, 11, 3419-3419 (2019)
Statins and Cardiovascular Diseases: From Cholesterol Lowering to Pleiotropy
Zhou Q, et al.
Current Pharmaceutical Design, 15(5), 467-467 (2009)
Simvastatin
Analytical profiles of drug substances and excipients, 22, 359-388 (1993)
MYC-regulated mevalonate metabolism maintains brain tumor-initiating cells
Wang X, et al.
Cancer research, 77(18), 4947-4960 (2017)
Veluchamy A Barathi et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(1), 460-468 (2014-01-09)
To determine the effect of a statin (simvastatin) on the ultrastructure and function of the RPE, Bruch's membrane (BM), and photoreceptor interface in a high-fat atherogenic mouse model of thickened BM. Wild-type C57BL/6 mice (6-weeks old) were divided into three...

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