Sphingosine 1-phosphate

≥95%, powder

(2S,3R,4E)-2-Amino-4-octadecene-1,3-diol 1-phosphate, D-erythro-Sphingosine 1-phosphate
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
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1 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

A lipid second messenger that binds to S1P1 and S1P3 receptors. Mobilizes intracellular Ca2+ stores and decreases cellular cAMP. Activates phospholipase D. S1P stimulates the migration of endothelial cells but inhibits the migration of other cell types. Induces angiogenesis.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Lysophospholipid Receptors page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.


11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

William S Szczepaniak et al.
Translational research : the journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 152(5), 213-224 (2008-11-18)
S1P has been demonstrated to protect against the formation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung edema when administered concomitantly with LPS. In the current study, we sought to determine the effectiveness of S1P to attenuate lung injury in a translationally relevant canine...
Roland Martin et al.
Current topics in microbiology and immunology, 378, 149-170 (2014-04-15)
The development of fingolimod, an unselective functional antagonist of the interactions between sphingosine 1 phosphate (S1P) and sphingosine 1 phosphate receptors (S1PRs), as the first oral therapy for multiple sclerosis (MS) has been a milestone. The parallel intensive research on...
H Okamoto et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 20(24), 9247-9261 (2000-11-30)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive lysophospholipid that induces a variety of biological responses in diverse cell types. Many, if not all, of these responses are mediated by members of the EDG (endothelial differentiation gene) family G protein-coupled receptors EDG1, EDG3...
Kaiqi Sun et al.
Nature communications, 7, 12086-12086 (2016-07-16)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive signalling lipid highly enriched in mature erythrocytes, with unknown functions pertaining to erythrocyte physiology. Here by employing nonbiased high-throughput metabolomic profiling, we show that erythrocyte S1P levels rapidly increase in 21 healthy lowland volunteers at...
Gregory T Kunkel et al.
Nature reviews. Drug discovery, 12(9), 688-702 (2013-08-21)
The bioactive lipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is involved in multiple cellular signalling systems and has a pivotal role in the control of immune cell trafficking. As such, S1P has been implicated in disorders such as cancer and inflammatory diseases. This Review...
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