GSK-J4 is cell permeable prodrug rapidly hydrolysed by macrophage esterases to GSK-J1, a potent selective jumonji H3K27 demethylase inhibitor. Jumonji C domain-containing histone demethylases (JHDMs) are Fe(II) and α-ketoglutarate dependent enzymes that oxygenate methylated histone lysine residues and thereby cause their demethylation. GSK-J1 is selective for the KDM6 subfamily members JMJD3 and UTX with an IC50
of 60 nM in a JMJD3 assay, and is inactive against other demethylases of the JMJ family and over 100 tested kinases and histone deacetylases. The prodrug GSK-J4 inhibited TNF-α production with an IC50
of 9 μM in LPS-stimulated human macrophages and blocked the production of TNF-α by macrophages derived from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. For characterization details for GSK-J4 and full characterization details for GSK-J1, please visit the GSK-J1 probe summary
on the Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) website.
To learn about other SGC chemical probes for epigenetic targets, visit sigma.com/sgc