SML2236

Sigma-Aldrich

L-012 sodium salt

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
L012, 8-Amino-5-chloro-2,3-dihydro-7-phenyl-Pyrido[3,4-d]pyridazine-1,4-dione, sodium salt, 8-Amino-5-chloro-7-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-pyrido[3,4-d]pyridazine-1,4-dione, sodium salt
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C13H8ClN4O2 · Na
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
310.67
MDL number:

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

color

yellow to orange

solubility

H2O: 2 mg/mL, clear

storage temp.

−20°C

Biochem/physiol Actions

L-012 is a luminol analog and a widely used reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS; ROS & RNS) chemiluminescence (CL) probe both in cultures and in animals in vivo. L-012 displays significantly higher CL yield and sensitivity than luminol, lucigenin and MCLA. Instead of reacting with superoxide anion (O2) directly, L-012 (LumH2) is converted via a one-electron oxidation (catalyzed by peroxidase in the presence of H2O2) to the LumH· radical form, which then reacts with oxygen (O2) to yield O2 and L-012 quinone (q-Lum). The O2 in turn reacts with the LumH· radical, leading eventually to an endoperoxide that decomposes to emit luminescence. To a less extend, H2O2 can also react with q-Lum to yield luminescence. Although not specific to NADPH oxidase-derived RONS, L-012 is also commonly used for screening NADPH oxidase inhibitors.

storage_class_code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Julian Jehle et al.
Archives of medical science : AMS, 13(4), 930-936 (2017-07-20)
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) is an anion transporter which is implicated in the efflux of the intracellular antioxidant anion glutathione as well as leukotrienes. Pharmacological inhibition of MRP1 exhibits antioxidative and anti-atherosclerotic effects both in vitro and in vivo....
I Imada et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 271(1), 53-58 (1999-06-11)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play important roles in the defense mechanism against infection and in the pathogenesis of various diseases. Although chemical properties of ROS generated by leukocytes have been studied extensively, methods available for their analysis are not sufficiently...
Y Nishinaka et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 193(2), 554-559 (1993-06-15)
A sensitive chemiluminescence method for measuring the production of superoxide anion (O2-) by activated EoL-1 cells (human eosinophilic leukemia cell line) is described. Recently, we succeeded in synthesizing a new chemiluminescence probe, 8-amino-5-chloro-7-phenylpyrido[3,4-d]pyridazine-1,4(2H,3H)dione (L-012). In the presence of L-012, activated...
Andreas Daiber et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 36(1), 101-111 (2004-01-21)
In the present study we sought to determine the ability of the chemiluminescence dye 8-amino-5-chloro-7-phenylpyridol[3,4-d]pyridazine-1,4-(2H,3H)dione sodium salt (L-012) to detect superoxide in different biological systems. In human whole blood or isolated leukocytes, the sensitivity of the luminol analogue L-012 to...
Ning Fan et al.
Experimental eye research, 161, 71-81 (2017-06-13)
Oxidative injuries, such as those related to reactive oxygen species (ROS), have been implicated in various retinal and optic nerve disorders. Many ROS detection methods have been developed. Although widely utilized, many of these methods are useful only in post...

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