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T3652

Sigma-Aldrich

Triptolide

from Tripterygium wilfordii, ≥98% (HPLC), solid

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Synonym(s):
PG 490
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H24O6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
360.40
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

biological source

Tripterygium wilfordii

Assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

solid

color

white to off-white

solubility

DMSO: soluble

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

O=C1OCC2=C1CC[C@]3(C)[C@]4(O5)[C@@H]5[C@H]6[C@@](O6)(C(C)C)[C@@H](O)[C@]4(O7)[C@@H]7C[C@]32[H]

InChI

1S/C20H24O6/c1-8(2)18-13(25-18)14-20(26-14)17(3)5-4-9-10(7-23-15(9)21)11(17)6-12-19(20,24-12)16(18)22/h8,11-14,16,22H,4-7H2,1-3H3/t11?,12-,13-,14-,16+,17-,18-,19+,20+/m0/s1

InChI key

DFBIRQPKNDILPW-KTGKZQHOSA-N

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This Item
UC175S5192SML0792
Triptolide from Tripterygium wilfordii, ≥98% (HPLC), solid

Sigma-Aldrich

T3652

Triptolide

(S)-(+)-Mephenytoin solid, ≥98% (HPLC)

Sigma-Aldrich

UC175

(S)-(+)-Mephenytoin

SB 222200 ≥98% (HPLC), solid

Sigma-Aldrich

S5192

SB 222200

JW480 ≥98% (HPLC)

Sigma-Aldrich

SML0792

JW480

form

solid

form

solid

form

solid

form

powder

color

white to off-white

color

off-white

color

light yellow

color

white to beige

solubility

DMSO: soluble

solubility

DMSO: soluble

solubility

DMSO: soluble ~28 mg/mL, H2O: insoluble

solubility

DMSO: 20 mg/mL, clear

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

biological source

Tripterygium wilfordii

biological source

-

biological source

-

biological source

-

Application

Triptolide has been used as a NF-κB inhibitor to study the inhibition of cell invasion and angiogenesis in human thyroid cancer cells6. Triptolide has also been used to study its apoptotic effects in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells7.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Triptolide is a diterpene triepoxide, the principal active ingredient in extracts from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii hook (TwHF). It is a potent immunosuppressant and anti-inflammatory. Triptolide has been shown to inhibit the expression of IL-2 in activated T cells at the level of purine-box/nuclear factor and NF-κB mediated transcription activation. It synergizes with cyclosporin A in promoting graft survival in animal models and in suppression of graft versus host disease in allogeneic bone marrow transplants. In addition, it induces apoptosis in tumor cells and potentiates tumor necrosis factor (TNFα) induction of apoptosis in part through the suppression of c-IAP2 and c-IAP1 induction.

Preparation Note

Triptolide is soluble in DMSO. The stock solution should be stored in DMSO at -20 deg C after reconstitution.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 1 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 1 Oral - Repr. 2

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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705578-5MG-PW

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Ruidong Li et al.
Oncology reports, 37(1), 442-448 (2016-11-24)
Cellular senescence, an irreversible growth arrest of cells, is involved in protection against cancer. Triptolide (TPL) plays an important role in immunosuppressive, anti-fertility, anti-cystogenesis and anticancer activities. However, effect and mechanism of TPL on cellular senescence-associated antitumor is rarely reported.
Xiang Wang et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 310, 32-40 (2016-08-25)
Triptolide (TP), derived from the medicinal plant Triterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (TWHF), is a diterpene triepoxide with variety biological and pharmacological activities. However, TP has been restricted in clinical application due to its narrow therapeutic window especially in reproductive system.
Chundong Song et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 19(1), 198-198 (2019-08-04)
Endothelial cell inflammation is a central event in the pathogenesis of numerous cardiovascular diseases, including sepsis and atherosclerosis. Triptolide, a principal bioactive ingredient of Traditional Chinese Medicine Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.F., displays anti-inflammatory actions in vivo. However, the mechanisms underlying these
Stefano Giustino Manzo et al.
Cancer research, 72(20), 5363-5373 (2012-08-29)
Triptolide is a bioactive ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine that exhibits diverse biologic properties, including anticancer properties. Among its many putative targets, this compound has been reported to bind to XPB, the largest subunit of general transcription factor TFIIH, and
Chen Chen et al.
Nucleic acids research, 47(13), 6714-6725 (2019-05-28)
SPT6 is a conserved elongation factor that is associated with phosphorylated RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) during transcription. Recent transcriptome analysis in yeast mutants revealed its potential role in the control of transcription initiation at genic promoters. However, the mechanism by

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