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T4571

SAFC

Taurine

Synonym(s):
2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid
Linear Formula:
NH2CH2CH2SO3H
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
125.15
Beilstein:
1751215
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26

biological source

non-animal source

assay

≥98.5%

form

crystalline powder

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

endotoxin, heavy metals, trace metals, tested

mp

>300 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: ≥100 mg/mL

foreign activity

cytotoxicity, tested

SMILES string

NCCS(O)(=O)=O

InChI

1S/C2H7NO3S/c3-1-2-7(4,5)6/h1-3H2,(H,4,5,6)

InChI key

XOAAWQZATWQOTB-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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General description

To request documentation for this product, please contact Customer Support and select ‘Product Documentation′. Please note that access to documentation for this product requires a confidentiality disclosure agreement.

Application

Taurine is a derivative of the sulfur-containing (sulfhydryl) amino acid cysteine. Taurine is one of the few known naturally occurring sulfonic acids. It is a conditionally essential sulfonated amino acid which modulates apoptosis in some cells; functions in many metabolic activities; a product of methionine and cysteine metabolism. It can be used as a cell culture media component for the commercial biomanufacture of therapeutic recombinant proteins and monoclonal antibodies.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Non-selective endogenous agonist at glycine receptors. Conditionally essential sulfonated amino acid which modulates apoptosis in some cells; functions in many metabolic activities; a product of methionine and cysteine metabolism.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Takashi Ito et al.
Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, 44(5), 927-937 (2008-04-15)
The sulfur-containing beta-amino acid, taurine, is the most abundant free amino acid in cardiac and skeletal muscle. Although its physiological function has not been established, it is thought to play an important role in ion movement, calcium handling, osmoregulation and...
M Axelson et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 31(6), 1305-1312 (2000-05-29)
The biosynthesis of bile acids by primary cultures of normal human hepatocytes has been investigated. A general and sensitive method for the isolation and analysis of sterols and bile acids was used, based on anion exchange chromatography and gas chromatography-mass...
Marlene Wewalka et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 99(4), 1442-1451 (2014-01-18)
Bile acids (BAs) are newly recognized signaling molecules in glucose and energy homeostasis. Differences in BA profiles with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) remain incompletely understood. The objective of the study was to assess serum BA composition in impaired glucose-tolerant...
Tsutomu Suzuki et al.
Wiley interdisciplinary reviews. RNA, 2(3), 376-386 (2011-10-01)
Mitochondrial DNA mutations that cause mitochondrial dysfunction are responsible for a wide spectrum of human diseases, referred to as mitochondrial diseases. Pathogenic point mutations are found frequently in genes encoding mitochondrial (mt) tRNAs, indicating that impaired functioning of mutant mt...
Felizia K Voss et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6184), 634-638 (2014-05-03)
Regulation of cell volume is critical for many cellular and organismal functions, yet the molecular identity of a key player, the volume-regulated anion channel VRAC, has remained unknown. A genome-wide small interfering RNA screen in mammalian cells identified LRRC8A as...

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