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Transglutaminase from guinea pig liver

lyophilized powder, ≥1.5 units/mg protein

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Protein-Glutamine-γ-Glutamyltransferase, Protein-glutamine:amine γ-glutamyltransferase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
MDL number:


lyophilized powder

Quality Level

specific activity

≥1.5 units/mg protein

mol wt

76.6 kDa


Protein, ≥80% modified Warburg-Christian


H2O: soluble 1.0 mg/mL, clear


diagnostic assay manufacturing

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.


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This product from Sigma has been used to demonstrate that tissue transglutaminase (tTG) selectively deamidates gluten peptides, which results in strongly enhanced T cell-stimulatory activity. It has also been used to assess immune responses to A-gliadin peptides. Furthermore, it has been used to demonstrate that tTG selectively modifies gliadin peptides that are recognized by gut-derived T cells in celiac disease.
Transglutaminase has been used in a study to improve quantifiable assays to fully characterize the role of transglutaminase in diseases such as Huntington′s disease and Alzheimer′s disease.Transglutaminase has also been used in a study to develop a nonradioactive dot blot assay for transglutaminase activity.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Transglutaminase from guinea pig liver consists of a single polypeptide chain of 691 amino acid residues. It has six potential glycosylation sites (Asn-X-Ser or Asn-X-Thr), but it is not glycosylated. The molecular mass is approximately 76.6 kDa. It is calcium dependent and has several calcium binding sites. The enzyme is inhibited by iodoacetamide and N-ethylmaleimide in the presence of calcium. It catalyzes the incorporation of small molecular weight amines into γ-glutamine sites of proteins. In the absence of small molecular weight amines, it catalyzes the cross linking of proteins that results in the formation of γ-glutamyl-ε-lysine side chain peptides. Liver transglutaminase is a nonzymogenic enzyme.

Unit Definition

One unit will catalyze the formation of 1.0 μmole of hydroxamate per min from Nα-Z-Gln-Gly and hydroxylamine at pH 6.0 at 37 °C. (L-Glutamic acid γ-monohydroxamate is the standard.)

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing Tris and dithioerythritol


Health hazard




Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids




Not applicable


Not applicable


Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)

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Syeda Warisul Fatima et al.
RSC advances, 11(55), 34613-34630 (2022-05-03)
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women. With the aim of decreasing the toxicity of conventional breast cancer treatments, an alternative that could provide appropriate and effective drug utilization was envisioned. Thus, we contemplated and compared the in
Mechanism of action of guinea pig liver transglutaminase. I. Purification and properties of the enzyme: identification of a functional cysteine essential for activity.
J E Folk et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 241(23), 5518-5525 (1966-12-10)
L Lorand et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 58(1-2), 9-35 (1984-01-01)
This paper is intended as a background to the topic of transglutaminases, while focusing on current ideas regarding the biological roles of these enzymes. Specifically, the following topics are discussed: geometry of forming gamma-glutamyl-epsilon-lysine cross-linked structures; energetic considerations; the gamma-glutamyl-epsilon-lysine
R P Anderson et al.
Nature medicine, 6(3), 337-342 (2000-03-04)
Celiac disease (CD) is an increasingly diagnosed enteropathy (prevalence, 1:200-1:300) that is induced by dietary exposure to wheat gliadins (as well as related proteins in rye and barley) and is strongly associated with HLA-DQ2 (alpha1*0501, beta1*0201), which is present in
M P M Adriaanse et al.
Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics, 37(4), 482-490 (2013-01-08)
Enterocyte damage is the hallmark of coeliac disease (CD) resulting in malabsorption. Little is known about the recovery of enterocyte damage and its clinical consequences. Serum intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) is a sensitive marker to study enterocyte damage.

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