Glyceryl trioleate


TG(18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)), Oleic triglyceride, Glycerol triolein, (9Z)9-Octadecenoic acid 1,2,3-propanetriyl ester, Glycerol trioleate, 1,2,3-Tri(cis-9-octadecenoyl)glycerol, Oleic acid triglyceride, Triolein
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
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EC Number:
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PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

biological source

plant (sunflower)






235-240 °C/18 mmHg (lit.)


0.91 g/mL (lit.)

functional group


shipped in


storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

Glyceryl trioleate is derived from glycerol. It is composed of three oleic acid units and is an unsaturated triglyceride.


Glyceryl trioleate has been used:
  • as an experimental diet along with fat-free basal mix and corn oil and then to access the dietary fat absorption among mice
  • as an interfering substance to test its effect on human serum in the approach to develop rapid enzyme immunoassay for the detection of retinol-binding protein
  • as a standard in the determination of triglyceride concentration, colorimetrically using liver tissue sample from cows


500 mg in ampule
1, 5, 10, 50 g in ampule
Sealed ampule.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. T7140.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

626.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

330.0 °C - closed cup

Sawsan Amara et al.
Scientific reports, 6, 24985-24985 (2016-04-30)
Oleaginous microorganisms have considerable potential for biofuel and commodity chemical production. Under nitrogen-limitation, Rhodococcus jostii RHA1 grown on benzoate, an analog of lignin depolymerization products, accumulated triacylglycerols (TAGs) to 55% of its dry weight during transition to stationary phase, with...
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 mediates the pro-lipogenic effects of dietary saturated fat
Sampath H, et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282(4), 2483-2493 (2007)
Effect of glycerol and its analogs on polyhydroxyalkanoate biosynthesis by recombinant Ralstonia eutropha: a quantitative structure-activity relationship study of chain transfer agents
Tsuge T, et al.
Polymer Degradation and Stability, 98(9), 1586-1590 (2013)
Anja Hildebrandt et al.
PloS one, 6(9), e23796-e23796 (2011-09-21)
Factors and mechanisms controlling lipometabolism homeostasis share a remarkable evolutionary conservation between humans and Drosophila flies. Accordingly, the Drosophila model has been successfully used to understand the pathophysiology of human metabolic diseases such as obesity. Body fat stores in species...
Crystal Jing Ying Tear et al.
Microbial cell factories, 12, 106-106 (2013-11-14)
Failure of colony PCRs in green microalga Chlorella vulgaris is typically attributed to the difficulty in disrupting its notoriously rigid cell walls for releasing the genetic materials and therefore the development of an effective colony PCR procedure in C. vulgaris...

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