Tentoxin from Alternaria tenuis

Naturally occurring phytotoxic cyclic tetrapeptide

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level


≥95% (HPLC)

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


General description

Tentoxin is a majorly occurring cyclic tetrapeptide mycotoxin that is excreted by the Alternaria fungal species like Alternaria alternata and Alternaria tenuis.


1 mg in glass bottle
250 μg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Tentoxin is phytotoxic, which induces chlorosis in plant leaves and germinating seedlings. It also halts photophosphorylation by inhibiting chloroplastic ATP synthase. Tentoxin over energizes thylakoids and is converted to isotentoxin by UV irradiation.
It induces chlorosis in germinating seedlings of many dicotyledonous plants. Tentoxin has been postulated to inhibit cyclic photophosphorylation by acting as an energy transfer inhibitor at the terminal steps of ATP synthesis and to target the F1 moiety of photosynthetic H+-ATPases. A kinetic analysis of the action of tentoxin on the chloroplast F1 H+-ATPase (CF1) portion of chloroplast ATP synthase has been reported.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

C Sigalat et al.
FEBS letters, 368(2), 253-256 (1995-07-17)
The effect of tentoxin at high concentrations was investigated in thylakoids and proteoliposomes containing bacteriorhodopsin and CF0CF1. Venturicidin-sensitive ATP hydrolysis, ATP-generated delta pH and ATP synthesis were practically 100% inhibited at 2 microM tentoxin, and restored to various extents beyond...
Inhibition of photophosphorylation by tentoxin, a cyclic tetrapeptide.
C J Arntzen
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 283(3), 539-542 (1972-12-14)
Jose C Jiménez et al.
Organic letters, 5(12), 2115-2118 (2003-06-07)
[reaction: see text] A solid-phase method for the synthesis of tentoxin has been developed. Two key steps-dehydration and N-alkylation-are carried out while the peptide is anchored to the resin. The method, which has been validated by the preparation of a...
Georg Groth et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 277(23), 20117-20119 (2002-04-12)
In contrast to the homologous bacterial and mitochondrial enzymes the chloroplast F(1)-ATPase (CF(1)) is strongly affected by the phytopathogenic inhibitor tentoxin. Based on structural information obtained from crystals of a CF(1)-tentoxin co-complex (Groth, G. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U....
Nicolas Loiseau et al.
Biopolymers, 69(3), 363-385 (2003-07-02)
Biologically active cyclic tetrapeptides, usually found among fungi metabolites, exhibit phytotoxic or cytostatic activities that are likely to be governed by specific conformations adopted in solution. For conformational studies and drug design, there is a strong interest in using fast...

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