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T8761

Sigma-Aldrich

Tyloxapol

nonionic surfactant

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Synonym(s):
4-(1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenol polymer with formaldehyde and oxirane
CAS Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

CMC

0.018 mM

transition temp

cloud point 94.3 °C

SMILES string

[H]C([H])=O.OCCO.CC(C)(C)CC(C)(C)c1ccc(O)cc1

InChI

1S/C14H22O.C2H6O2.CH2O/c1-13(2,3)10-14(4,5)11-6-8-12(15)9-7-11;3-1-2-4;1-2/h6-9,15H,10H2,1-5H3;3-4H,1-2H2;1H2

Inchi Key

GWJOFBXSBDVUMH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
43026993422T0307
vibrant-m

T8761

Tyloxapol

-
vibrant-m

93422

Triton X-114

-
vibrant-m

T0307

Tyloxapol

Premium Grade
transition temp

cloud point 94.3 °C

transition temp

-

transition temp

pour point ~−9 °C, cloud point 23 °C

transition temp

cloud point 94.3 °C

CMC

0.018 mM

CMC

-

CMC

0.2 mM (20-25°C)

CMC

0.018 mM

General description

A nonionic liquid polymer of the alkyl aryl polyether alcohol type. Used as a surfactant.

application

Tyloxapol is a nonionic liquid polymer of the alkyl aryl polyether alcohol type. It is used as a surfactant to aid liquefaction. Tyloxapol is used in the development of non-ionic surfactant-based liposomes (niosomes) for use in drug delivery systems. Tyloxapol may be used to study its mechanism of protecting macrophages from endotoxins. Tyloxapol may be used to study is potential cell toxicitiy.

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

target_organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class

10 - Combustible liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

235.4 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

113 °C - closed cup

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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Jung-Hua Steven Kuo et al.
Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces, 64(2), 208-215 (2008-03-14)
Tyloxapol is reported to prevent macrophages from reacting to endotoxin. However, the intracellular responses that tyloxapol induces in macrophages are still not fully explored. Hence, the objective of this study was to evaluate the intracellular events in macrophages treated with
Jung-hua Steven Kuo et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 23(7), 1509-1516 (2006-06-17)
Tyloxapol, a viscous polymer of the alkyl aryl polyether alcohol type, is classified as a nonionic surfactant and is widely used in biomedical applications. Although tyloxapol has been reported to be cytotoxic in various cell lines, there is no published
Maciej Gawlik et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 33(3), 386-393 (2012-03-06)
The toxicity of carcinogenic benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) can be intensified by the pro-oxidative effects of metabolic activation. The oxidatively active products can be formed during enzymatic biotransformation or in the process of co-oxygenation with lipid peroxidation. This study assesses if the
Sadaf Matinkhoo et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 100(12), 5197-5205 (2011-10-25)
Myoviridae bacteriophages were processed into a dry powder inhalable dosage form using a low-temperature spray-drying process. The phages were incorporated into microparticles consisting of trehalose, leucine, and optionally a third excipient (either a surfactant or casein sodium salt). The particles
Christudas Sunil et al.
Journal of natural medicines, 66(1), 32-38 (2011-06-18)
The hypolipidemic activity of Symplocos cochinchinensis S. Moore leaves was studied in Triton WR-1339- and high fat diet-induced hyperlipidemic rats. In Triton WR-1339-induced hyperlipidemic rats, the hexane extract (250 and 500 mg/kg) exerted a significant (P < 0.01) lipid-lowering effect

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