The VIM (vimentin) gene codes for an intermediate filament protein, that is expressed throughout mesenchymal cells. VIM gene is mapped to human chromosome 10p13.
Vimentin is encoded by a single-copy gene mapped to human chromosome 10p13. 53kDa vimentin protein belongs to type III intermediate filament (IF) family and is specifically expressed in normal mesenchymal cells. Vimentin protein with 466 amino acids is characterized with a highly conserved α-helical “rod” domain that is flanked by non-α-helical amino- terminal “head” and carboxy-terminal “tail” domain.
The antibody localizes vimentin in normal and pathological tissue of mesenchymal derivation. The antibody shows wide cross-reactivity among mammalian species.
vimentin from cultured human foreskin fibroblasts.
Anti-Vimentin antibody produced in goat has been used in Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis.
Anti-Vimentin antibody produced in goat has been used in following studies:
- western blotting
- flow cytometry
Vimentin is known to promote epithelial to mesenchymal transition and contributes to metastasis in cancer such as ovarian cancer. Vimentin preserves cellular structure and tissue integrity. Vimentin is also known to bring about TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor-α) induced cell apoptosis.
Vimentin plays a vital role in maintaining the structural integrity of the cells. Overexpression of the gene has been observed in prostate cancer, breast cancer, endometrial cancer, central nervous system (CNS) tumors, malignant melanoma and gastrointestinal tumors including pancreatic, colorectal and hepatic cancers. Thus, vimentin can act as a target for developing therapeutics for treating these cancers. Vimentin plays a crucial role in the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR-1) induced activation of the protein kinase G (PKG) 1 signaling pathway, stimulating regression of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Vimentin filaments is implicated in various physiological process including migration, maintenance of cell shape and tolerance of mechanical stress of mesenchymal cells. The protein interacts with LARP6 (la ribonucleoprotein domain family member 6) and stabilizes type I collagen mRNAs and might play a vital role in the development of tissue fibrosis. Vimentin plays an essential role in the maintenance of lens integrity, therefore mutations in the gene causes dominant and pulverulent cataract.
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