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X0379

Sigma-Aldrich

Xanthohumol from hop (Humulus lupulus)

≥96% (HPLC)

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C21H22O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
354.40
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

plant (Humulus lupulus)

assay

≥96% (HPLC)

form

powder

mp

172 °C

solubility

ethanol: 10 mg/mL

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

COc1cc(O)c(C\C=C(/C)C)c(O)c1C(=O)\C=C\c2ccc(O)cc2

InChI

1S/C21H22O5/c1-13(2)4-10-16-18(24)12-19(26-3)20(21(16)25)17(23)11-7-14-5-8-15(22)9-6-14/h4-9,11-12,22,24-25H,10H2,1-3H3/b11-7+

InChI key

ORXQGKIUCDPEAJ-YRNVUSSQSA-N

General description

Xanthohumol is a chalcone compound present in the female inflorescence of hop (Humulus lupulus) plant. It is a food additive.

Application

Xanthohumol from hop (Humulus lupulus) has been used:
  • to treat glioblastoma cells to test its effect on inducing apoptosis
  • to test its protective effect in renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury
  • as a component of Dulbecco′s modified Eagle medium (DMEM) to test its antiviral activity in Huh7.5 cells infected with hepatitis C virus cell culture (HCVcc) system

Packaging

5 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Xanthohumol induces apoptosis in glioma cancer by modulating microRNA based network. It exhibits anti-inflammatory property by inhibiting janus kinases (JAKs), signal transducer and activator of transcription proteins (STATs). Xanthohumol elicits antiviral functionality against bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and anti-hepatitis C virus in vitro. It also induces autophagy and has antiplatelet and neuroprotective effects. Xanthohumol also regulates various metabolic processes including the inhibition of triglyceride formation, atherosclerotic plaque and adipogenesis.
Prenylated flavonoids such as xanthohumol have antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects in human cancer cell lines. Xanthohumol protected HepG2 cells against benzo[a]pyrene and related carcinogens. It also protected against reactive oxygen species (ROS), not by a direct anti-oxidant effect, but instead mediated by induction of cellular defense mechanisms against oxidative stress.Xanthohumol inhibits diacylglycerol acetyltransferase (DGAT) and human P450 enzymes. It also inhibits the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF under hypoxic conditions.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Susanne Vogel et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 45(6), 2206-2213 (2010-02-16)
Besides 2',4'-dihydroxy-4,6'-dimethoxy-3'-prenylchalcone (1) and 4-acetoxy-2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3'-prenylchalkon (2), both phase II metabolites of xanthohumol in rats, also a principally new chalcone 3'-coumaroyl-2',4,4'-trihydroxy-6'-methoxychalcone (3), structurally derived from helichrysetin (4) by introducing a second coumaroyl substructure at C-3' was synthesized. Furthermore new chalcones were...
Xanthohumol from Humulus lupulus L. induces glioma cell autophagy via inhibiting Akt/mTOR/S6K pathway
Lu WJ, et al.
Journal of functional foods, 18, 538-549 (2015)
Ming Liu et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(1), 754-779 (2015-01-13)
The female inflorescences of hops (Humulus lupulus L.), a well-known bittering agent used in the brewing industry, have long been used in traditional medicines. Xanthohumol (XN) is one of the bioactive substances contributing to its medical applications. Among foodstuffs XN...
Peng-Hsu Chen et al.
Neuropharmacology, 110(Pt A), 362-375 (2016-08-04)
Xanthohumol (XN), a prenylated chalcone extracted from hop plant Humulus lupulus L. (Cannabaceae), has potential for cancer therapy, including gliomas. Micro (mi)RNAs are small noncoding RNAs that control gene expression. Several miRNAs have been identified to participate in regulating glioma...
Andreas Hartkorn et al.
Journal of natural products, 72(10), 1741-1747 (2009-09-18)
Therapeutic effects of dietary flavonoids have been attributed mainly to their antioxidant capacity. Xanthohumol (1), a prominent flavonoid of the hop plant, Humulus lupulus, was investigated for its antioxidant potential and for its effect on NF-kappaB activation. To examine the...

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