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X4626

Sigma-Aldrich

XTT sodium salt

powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
2,3-Bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide inner salt, 2,3-Bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide inner salt
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C22H16N7NaO13S2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
673.52
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

product line

BioReagent

Quality Level

assay

≥90%

form

powder

storage condition

dry at room temperature

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable
protein quantification: suitable

application(s)

detection

detection method

colorimetric

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

[Na+].COc1cc(c(cc1-n2nc(n[n+]2-c3cc(c(cc3OC)[N+]([O-])=O)S([O-])(=O)=O)C(=O)Nc4ccccc4)S([O-])(=O)=O)[N+]([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C22H17N7O13S2.Na/c1-41-17-8-15(28(31)32)19(43(35,36)37)10-13(17)26-24-21(22(30)23-12-6-4-3-5-7-12)25-27(26)14-11-20(44(38,39)40)16(29(33)34)9-18(14)42-2;/h3-11H,1-2H3,(H2-,23,30,35,36,37,38,39,40);/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

JACYMBNQPPWQML-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

XTT (sodium 3′-[1-[(phenylamino)-carbony]-3,4-tetrazolium]-bis(4-methoxy-6-nitro)benzene-sulfonic acid hydrate) is a tetrazolium salt, which forms water-soluble formazan on bioreduction.

Application

XTT sodium salt has been used to assess cell viability.
XTT has been used in conjunction with phenazine methosulfate (PMS) to screen human cancer cell lines. The tetrazolium dye has also been used to study fungal cell damage, in testing antimicrobial susceptibility of staphylococci, and in Candida biofilm research. Limitations to the XTT assay have been reported.

Packaging

100, 500 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

XTT (sodium 3′-[1-[(phenylamino)-carbony]-3,4-tetrazolium]-bis(4-methoxy-6-nitro)benzene-sulfonic acid hydrate) is acted upon by dehydrogenases present in metabolically active cells. This produces water soluble formazan, which is a highly colored product. Thus, it offers an advantage in colorimetric proliferation assays, as opposed to MTT, as the product is already soluble and no formazan crystals are formed.

Principle

In living cells, XTT is metabolically reduced to produce a colorimetric, water-soluble formazan product.

Storage Class Code

4.1A - Other explosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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