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X7375

Sigma-Aldrich

Xanthine

≥99%

Synonym(s):
2,6-Dihydroxypurine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H4N4O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
152.11
Beilstein:
8733
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.51

biological source

synthetic (organic)

Quality Level

assay

≥99%

form

powder

solubility

1 M NaOH: soluble 50 mg/mL, clear to slightly hazy
NH4OH: freely soluble
NaOH: freely soluble

SMILES string

O=C1NC(=O)c2nc[nH]c2N1

InChI

1S/C5H4N4O2/c10-4-2-3(7-1-6-2)8-5(11)9-4/h1H,(H3,6,7,8,9,10,11)

InChI key

LRFVTYWOQMYALW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Xanthine is synthesized from guanine in the presence of guanine deaminase. Xanthine oxidase catalyzes the production of xanthine from hypoxanthine and its subsequent breakdown to uric acid. Xanthine derivatives are present in coffee, tea and cocoa seeds. Xanthine has been proposed as a lead for the generation of pharmacologically active compounds.

Application

Xanthine has been used in a nonradiolabled substrate mix in an Aspergillus nidulans transport assay. It has also been used as a substrate for xanthine oxidase for superoxide anion generation in gill cells and algal cells.

Packaging

10, 25, 100 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

A high level of xanthine is implicated in metabolic disorders like Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. A xanthine-based biosensor may be useful for detecting xanthine in food and clinical samples. Blood and urine samples of patients with renal failure, gout and xanthinuria show high levels of xanthine.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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