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1572208

USP

Propionic acid

United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard

Synonym(s):
Propanyl acid, Acid C3, Propanoic acid
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
74.08
Beilstein:
506071
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

grade

pharmaceutical primary standard

vapor density

2.55 (vs air)

vapor pressure

2.4 mmHg ( 20 °C)

autoignition temp.

955 °F

expl. lim.

12.1 %

manufacturer/tradename

USP

refractive index

n20/D 1.386 (lit.)

bp

141 °C (lit.)

mp

−24-−23 °C (lit.)

density

0.993 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Featured Industry

Pharmaceutical (small molecule)

format

neat

SMILES string

CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C3H6O2/c1-2-3(4)5/h2H2,1H3,(H,4,5)

InChI key

XBDQKXXYIPTUBI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Propionic acid (PA) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid, which in its pure state exists as a colorless corrosive liquid with an unpleasant odor. It is miscible in water. Industrially it is produced by hydrocarboxylation of ethylene in presence nickel carbonyl as a catalyst. PA has been found to reduce food intake, lower the fatty acids content in plasma and liver, might improve tissue insulin sensitivity and exerts immunosuppressive actions. Propionic acid is an excellent raw material as it is stable, cheap and safe and can even be used as a food additive.
This product is provided as delivered and specified by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. All information provided in support of this product, including SDS and any product information leaflets have been developed and issued under the Authority of the issuing Pharmacopoeia.
For further information and support please go to the website of the issuing Pharmacopoeia.

Analysis Note

These products are for test and assay use only. They are not meant for administration to humans or animals and cannot be used to diagnose, treat, or cure diseases of any kind.  ​

Other Notes

USP issued SDS can be found here.
Sales restrictions may apply.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

129.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

54 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Biological effects of propionic acid in humans; metabolism, potential applications and underlying mechanisms
Sa'ad, H., et al.
Molecular and Cellular Biology, 1801 (11), 1175-1183 (2010)
Nucleophilic ?-Carbon Activation of Propionic Acid as a 3-Carbon Synthon by Carbene Organocatalysis
Jin, Zhichao, et al.
Chemistry?A European Journal , 21 (26), 9360-9363 (2015)
Flour and Breads and their Fortification in Health and Disease Prevention.
Victor R. Preedy, Ronald Ross Watson, Vinood B
Technology & Engineering, 476-476 (2011)

Articles

GC Analysis of C2-C7 Free Fatty Acids on Nukol™

Separation of Propionic acid; Acetic acid; Heptanoic acid; Isobutyric acid; Valeric acid; Isocaproic acid; Butyric acid; Isovaleric acid

GC Analysis of C2-C22 Free Fatty Acids on Nukol™

Separation of Methyl oleate; Caprylic acid; Heptanoic acid; Methyl decanoate; Methyl dodecanoate; Myristic acid; Methyl palmitate; Methyl palmitoleate; Methyl stearate; Methyl linoleate; Methyl linolenate; Acetic acid; Arachidic acid; Behenic acid; Propionic acid; Isobutyric acid; Valeric acid; Isovaleric acid; Isocaproic acid; Butyric acid

Protocols

GC Analysis of Free Fatty Acids in Parmesan Cheese using Nukol™ after SPME using 65 μm Carbowax/DVB Fiber

In this study, SPME was used for the analysis of free fatty acids in Parmesan cheese using a 65 μm Carbowax/divinylbenzene (DVB) SPME fiber. Headspace extraction of the cheese sample was conducted at 65 °C for 15 minutes and analyzed by GC with FID detection. SPME is ideal for analyzing the volatiles associated with solid food samples. The phase chemistry of the Nukol GC column provides excellent peak shape of acidic compounds.

GC Analysis of Fermentation Compounds on a Packed Column (6.6% Carbowax® 20M on 80/120 Carbopack™ B AW)

Separation of Acetone; Acetic acid; Propionic acid; Ethyl butyrate; Ethanol; Isoamyl acetate; Isobutyric acid; 3-Methyl-2-butanol; Methyl acetate; 1-Propanol; Acetal, ≥98%, FG; 2-Methyl-1-pentanol; Butyl acetate; Ethyl propionate; 3-Pentanol; 2-Pentanol, 98%; Ethyl isobutyrate; Isobutyl acetate; Acetaldehyde; Furfural; Butyric acid; Methanol; Ethyl acetate

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