Rhenium(V) forms a large number of stable octahedral complexes with multiple bonds to oxygen with traditional Re systems focusing on formal, stoichiometric oxygen atom transfer to organic reductants such as phosphines, alkenes, and sulfides.
Small-scale materials with particle diameters in the nanometer range have already been used for a long time. The Chinese used carbon black, derived from a combustion process for painting applications a long time before modern technology allowed its industrial production.
Copper metal deposition processes are an essential tool for depositing interconnects used in microelectronic applications, giving group 11 (coinage metals: Copper, Silver, and Gold) an important place in atomic layer deposition (ALD) process development.
We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.