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Yi-Chun Liao et al.
Archives of toxicology, 89(11), 1971-1979 (2014-09-10)
Inorganic arsenite (iAs) is a human carcinogen. Numerous studies have shown that mutation-activated H-Ras is frequently observed in human urothelial carcinomas. The interaction between iAs, an environmental factor, and H-Ras, an oncogene, is not clear. In this study, we explored
Apei Jiang et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 116(8), 1553-1562 (2015-02-05)
Ubiquitin activating enzyme E1-like (UBE1L) is the activating enzyme for ISG15ylation (ISG15, interferon stimulated gene 15). UBE1L is thought to be a candidate tumor suppressor gene and has positive activity against stress responses such as viral infections. Both type I
Hanqian Mao et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(18), 7003-7018 (2015-05-08)
The cerebral cortex is built during embryonic neurogenesis, a period when excitatory neurons are generated from progenitors. Defects in neurogenesis can cause acute neurodevelopmental disorders, such as microcephaly (reduced brain size). Altered dosage of the 1q21.1 locus has been implicated
Yu Jin Jeon et al.
Drug and chemical toxicology, 38(2), 180-187 (2014-08-27)
Hepatic ischemic injury is a major complication arising from liver surgery, transplantation, or other ischemic diseases, and both reactive oxygen species (ROS) and pro-inflammatory mediators play the role of key mediators in hepatic ischemic injury. In this study, we examined
Zhong-Jie Liu et al.
Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, 2015, 683197-683197 (2015-07-15)
Hyperglycemia can inhibit expression of the 8-oxoG-DNA glycosylase (OGG1) which is one of the key repair enzymes for DNA oxidative damage. The effect of hyperglycemia on OGG1 expression in response to local anesthetics-induced DNA damage is unknown. This study was
Chubiao Zhao et al.
Cellular signalling, 26(10), 2223-2233 (2014-07-16)
Our recent studies have demonstrated the key roles of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated caspase-8- and Bax-dependent apoptotic pathways in dihydroartemisinin (DHA)-induced apoptosis of A549 cells. This report is designed to investigate the proapoptotic mechanisms of DHA in gemcitabine (Gem)-resistant A549
Xiao-ming Liu et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 304(12), H1634-H1643 (2013-04-23)
Endothelial cells (ECs) are constantly subjected to cyclic strain that arises from periodic change in vessel wall diameter as a result of pulsatile blood flow. Application of physiological levels of cyclic strain inhibits EC apoptosis; however, the underlying mechanism is
Soo Ah Jeong et al.
Oncotarget, 6(25), 21173-21192 (2015-06-09)
The synthetic triterpenoid 2-cyano-3, 12-dioxooleana-1, 9(11)-dien-C28-methyl ester (CDDO-Me) is considered a promising anti-tumorigenic compound. In this study, we show that treatment with CDDO-Me induces progressive endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived vacuolation in various breast cancer cells and ultimately kills these cells by
Vlad C Sandulache et al.
Molecular cancer therapeutics, 14(12), 2901-2908 (2015-09-18)
Ionizing radiation is the primary nonsurgical treatment modality for solid tumors. Its effectiveness is impacted by temporal constraints such as fractionation, hypoxia, and development of radioresistant clones. Biomarkers of acute radiation response are essential to developing more effective clinical algorithms.
Long Jin et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e100798-e100798 (2014-06-25)
Tacrolimus (TAC)-induced pancreatic islet injury is one of the important causes of new-onset diabetes in transplant recipients. This study was performed to evaluate whether a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) inhibitor is effective in improving TAC-induced diabetes mellitus by reducing
Ewa Taracha et al.
Behavioural brain research, 280, 141-148 (2014-12-17)
A satisfactory pharmacological cure for addictions to psychostimulants has not yet been developed. Because of the well-known role of changes in the corticoaccumbal and corticostriatal glutamatergic system(s) in drug seeking and relapses in psychostimulant addiction, much hope is presently linked
T Rajah et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 278(2), 100-106 (2014-04-29)
The caspase inhibitor benzyloxycarbony (Cbz)-l-Val-Ala-Asp (OMe)-fluoromethylketone (z-VAD-FMK) has recently been shown to inhibit T cell proliferation without blocking caspase-8 and caspase-3 activation in primary T cells. We showed in this study that z-VAD-FMK treatment leads to a decrease in intracellular
Maryse Lemaire et al.
PloS one, 10(9), e0136592-e0136592 (2015-09-04)
Epidemiological studies have shown that arsenic exposure increases atherosclerosis, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship are unknown. Monocytes, macrophages and platelets play an important role in the initiation of atherosclerosis. Circulating monocytes and macrophages bind to the activated vascular endothelium
Toshinori Okinaga et al.
Journal of interferon & cytokine research : the official journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research, 35(6), 431-440 (2015-03-20)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) cytokines, IL-1α, IL-1β, and IL-18 play a crucial role in inflammatory responses in a variety of diseases including periodontitis. In this study, the periodontopathic bacterial pathogen, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, induced cell death and cytokine release in macrophages. Cell viability
Sonia Merluzzi et al.
Molecular immunology, 45(14), 3731-3739 (2008-07-12)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease-1/Redox factor-1, a multifunctional DNA base excision repair and redox regulation enzyme, plays an important role in oxidative signalling, transcription factor regulation, and cell cycle control. Recently, we have demonstrated that following the triggering of CD40 on B cells
S Sudheer Khan et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 38(7), 1243-1249 (2015-01-30)
Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are being increasingly used in many consumer products owing to their excellent antimicrobial properties. The continuous use of Ag NPs in consumer products will lead to environmental release. The present study evaluated the toxic effects and
Daisuke Kadowaki et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 38(3), 487-492 (2015-03-12)
Uric acid exerts an important antioxidant effect against external oxidative stress under physiological conditions. However, uric acid itself can increase oxidative stress via reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activation in adipocytes and vascular cells. Uric acid transporter 1
Juhua Dan et al.
Ultrasound in medicine & biology, 41(6), 1681-1689 (2015-03-23)
Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) has been found to inhibit in-stent restenosis in animal models. However, the mechanism is not fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the effects of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated SDT (ALA-SDT) on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), a cause of
Clara Iannuzzi et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 230(11), 2807-2820 (2015-04-08)
Protein glycation is a non-enzymatic, irreversible modification of protein amino groups by reactive carbonyl species leading to the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Several proteins implicated in neurodegenerative diseases have been found to be glycated in vivo and
Eduesley Santana-Santos et al.
The Annals of thoracic surgery, 97(5), 1617-1623 (2014-03-25)
The renoprotective effect of N-acetylcystein in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery is controversial. We assessed the renoprotective effect of the highest dose of N-acetylcystein sanctioned for clinical use in a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study including 70 chronic kidney
Bi-Yun Zheng et al.
International journal of oncology, 45(3), 1143-1150 (2014-06-19)
HBx is a multifunctional regulator that interacts with host factors to contribute to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. In this study, to explore the co-localization of HBx and COXIII in HepG2 cells and to investigate the molecular mechanism of HBx
Kaisa Tamminen et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0134551-e0134551 (2015-08-01)
Wnt/beta-catenin signaling plays a central role in guiding the differentiation of the posterior parts of the primitive gut tube into intestinal structures in vivo and some studies suggest that FGF4 is another crucial factor for intestinal development. The aim of
Hai-ying Chen et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 68(6), 709-713 (2014-08-06)
Exposure of Tca-8113 cells to proteasome inhibitor carbobenzoxy-Leu-Leu-leucinal (MG-132) causing apoptosis is associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. X-box-binding protein-1 (XBP1) is an important regulator of a subset of genes active during ER stress, which is related to cell survival
Sema Demirci Çekiç et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 865, 60-70 (2015-03-04)
A colourimetric sensor capable of simultaneously measuring oxidative status (OS) in terms of the hazard produced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant activity (AOA) in regard to ROS-scavenging ability of antioxidant compounds was developed. The coloured cationic semi-quinone derivatives
Ying-Hua Ying et al.
Microbes and infection, 16(10), 855-863 (2014-09-23)
Nuclear erythroid 2 p45-related factor-2 (Nrf2) is known to play important roles in airway disorders, whereas little has been investigated about its direct role in airway mucus hypersecretion. The aim of this study is to determine whether this factor could
I Gañán-Gómez et al.
Annals of hematology, 94(3), 379-392 (2014-10-18)
Current frontline therapies have improved overall survival in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients to exceptional rates; however, relapse is still a problem among high-risk and old patients. Therefore, the development of better and safer therapies continues to be a goal
Elisabeth Wigenstam et al.
Toxicology, 328, 40-47 (2014-12-17)
Chlorine (Cl2) causes tissue damage and a neutrophilic inflammatory response in the airways manifested by pronounced airway hyperreactivity (AHR). The importance of early anti-inflammatory treatment has previously been addressed. In the previous study, both high-dose and low-dose of dexamethasone (DEX)
Eun Jin Lim et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 20(8), 1087-1098 (2015-05-30)
Tunicamycin (TN), one of the endoplasmic reticulum stress inducers, has been reported to inhibit tumor cell growth and exhibit anticarcinogenic activity. However, the mechanism by which TN initiates apoptosis remains poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the effect
Chang-Nim Im et al.
Oncology reports, 34(2), 920-928 (2015-06-03)
More efficient isolation and identification of cancer stem cells (CSCs) would help in determining their fundamental roles in tumor biology. The classical tool for this purpose is anchorage-independent tumorsphere culture. We compared the effects of differently textured culture plates and
Da-Yong Zhang et al.
Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences, 42(5), 486-491 (2013-10-30)
To investigate the effects of Toll/interleukin 1 receptor domain-containing protein(TcpC)on macrophages and its mechanisms. Murine macrophage J774A cells were co-cultured with TcpC producing wild type E. coli strain CFT073 (TcpC(wt)) or tcpc gene-deleted CFT073 mutant (TcpC(mut)) in Transwell system, respectively.
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