Showing 1-30 of 61 results for "

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Lijun Xie et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 853, 303-310 (2014-12-04)
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have received great attention as novel sorbents due to their fascinating structures and intriguing potential applications in various fields. In this work, a MIL-101(Cr)-coated solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber was fabricated by a simple direct coating method and...
Wararat Sriprapat et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 102, 147-151 (2014-02-18)
Air borne uptake of toluene and ethylbenzene by twelve plant species was examined. Of the twelve plant species examined, the highest toluene removal was found in Sansevieria trifasciata, while the ethylbenzene removal from air was with Chlorophytum comosum. Toluene and...
Yuanhong Shan et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1375, 101-109 (2014-12-17)
To develop a novel hybrid monolithic column based on pentafluorobenzyl imidazolium bromide ionic liquid, a new ionic liquid monomer was synthesized from 1-vinylimidazole and pentafluorobenzyl bromide. By employing a facile one-step copolymerization of polyhedral-oligomeric-silsesquioxane-type (POSS) cross-linking agent and the home-made...
Cheng-Hang Lan et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 193, 156-164 (2014-07-16)
High-technology industries have grown continuously in Taiwan and elsewhere in the world. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) comprise the highest percentage of emissions in these industries. The objectives of this study were to identify VOC sources and to apportion their contributions...
Vlasta Svecova et al.
Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology, 22(5), 455-460 (2012-06-07)
Personal exposures to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured in the three industrial cities in the Czech Republic, Ostrava, Karvina and Havirov, while the city of Prague served as a control in a large-scale molecular epidemiological study identifying the impacts...
T Tunsaringkarn et al.
The international journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 3(3), 117-125 (2012-10-02)
Gasoline station workers are exposed to volatile organic compounds such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX). To determine the level of exposure to BTEX compounds among gasoline station workers and measure the roadside concentrations of these compounds in the...
João Carlos Fraga da Rosa et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 185(7), 5883-5890 (2012-11-10)
The gas station attendants are exposed daily to chemical agents that compose gasoline, such as BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene), and the exposure to these agents can cause a variety of effects on the human health. Among the various...
Mike De Vrieze et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(25), 6179-6188 (2014-08-16)
Over the past decades, several in vitro methods have been tested for their ability to predict drug penetration across the blood-brain barrier. So far, in high-performance liquid chromatography, most attention has been paid to micellar liquid chromatography and immobilized artificial...
Hongyan Bai et al.
Se pu = Chinese journal of chromatography, 30(5), 474-479 (2012-09-01)
A method for the simultaneous determination of 13 benzene series (BTEX) in seawater using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with static headspace extraction (HS-GC/MS) was developed. To carefully characterize the performance of this method, several factors affecting parameters were studied in detail...
Yanli Zhang et al.
Journal of environmental sciences (China), 24(1), 131-141 (2012-07-13)
Air samples were collected simultaneously at platform, mezzanine and outdoor in five typical stations of subway system in Shanghai, China using stainless steel canisters and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass selective detector (GC-MSD) after cryogenic preconcentration. Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes...
Carla G A da Silva et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1260, 81-87 (2012-09-12)
Endcapped stationary phases were prepared after thermal immobilization of poly(methyloctadecylsiloxane) (PMODS) onto zirconized and titanized silica supports. These new stationary phases have lower densities of residual hydroxyl groups, according to infrared spectroscopy and 29Si CP-MAS NMR and as shown by...
Xuefeng Li et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(2), 957-966 (2013-01-29)
Aquatic ecosystems are vulnerable to the exposure with petrochemicals such as toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (o-, m-, and p-xylene) (TEX) and their adverse effects. Considering the widespread use, occurrence, and high toxicity of TEX, the aim of this work was...
E Jindrová et al.
Folia microbiologica, 47(2), 83-93 (2002-06-13)
Several aerobic metabolic pathways for the degradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX), which are provided by two enzymic systems (dioxygenases and monooxygenases), have been identified. The monooxygenase attacks methyl or ethyl substituents of the aromatic ring, which are...
Lili Zhang et al.
Chemosphere, 90(4), 1340-1347 (2012-09-11)
A new strain Mycobacterium cosmeticum byf-4 able to simultaneously degrade benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-xylene (BTE(o-)X) compounds has been isolated and identified previously in our laboratory. We further report here the extent of degradation of every BTE(o-)X component, and unravel...
Jie Ma et al.
Current opinion in biotechnology, 24(3), 457-466 (2012-09-29)
Fuel releases that impact groundwater are a common occurrence, and the growing use of ethanol as a transportation biofuel is increasing the likelihood of encountering ethanol in such releases. Microorganisms play a critical role in the fate of ethanol-blended fuel...
Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz, 55(9), 1192-1200 (2012-09-01)
The German Working Group on Indoor Guidelines of the Federal Environment Agency and the States' Health Authorities is issuing indoor air guide values to protect public health. No human studies are available for health evaluation of ethylbenzene in indoor air....
Yujie Zhang et al.
Journal of environmental sciences (China), 24(1), 124-130 (2012-07-13)
The atmospheric concentrations of carbonyls and BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, m,p-xylene and o-xylene) were measured simultaneously at a same sampling site in Beijing from September 2008 to August 2010. The average concentrations of the total measured carbonyls during autumn, winter...
Abby A Li et al.
Neurotoxicology, 31(3), 247-258 (2010-02-23)
The potential for neurotoxicological and immunotoxicological effects of ethylbenzene was studied in young adult Crl:CD(SD) rats following 90-day oral (neurotoxicity) or 28-day inhalation (immunotoxicity) exposures. In the neurotoxicity study, ethylbenzene was administered orally via gavage twice daily at 0, 25...
Eva Aguilera-Herrador et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1201(1), 106-111 (2008-07-01)
The direct coupling between ionic liquid-based single-drop microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry is proposed for the rapid and simple determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes isomers (BTEX) in water samples. The extraction procedure exploits not only the high affinity...
Simonetta Tumbiolo et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 380(5-6), 824-830 (2004-11-02)
The aim of the study was to analyse BTEX compounds (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes) in air by solid phase micro-extraction/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (SPME/GC/MS), and this article presents the features of the calibration method proposed. Examples of real-world air analysis are...
Daniel Knack et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 78(18), 6475-6482 (2012-07-10)
Ethylbenzene dehydrogenase (EbDH) catalyzes the initial step in anaerobic degradation of ethylbenzene in denitrifying bacteria, namely, the oxygen-independent hydroxylation of ethylbenzene to (S)-1-phenylethanol. In our study we investigate the kinetic properties of 46 substrate analogs acting as substrates or inhibitors...
Michał Brokl et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1370, 216-229 (2014-12-03)
A method involving headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) was developed and applied to evaluate profiles of volatile compounds present in mainstream tobacco smoke particulate matter trapped on glass fiber...
Adrián Flores Orozco et al.
Journal of contaminant hydrology, 136-137, 131-144 (2012-07-13)
Broadband spectral induced polarization (SIP) measurements were conducted at a former hydrogenation plant in Zeitz (NE Germany) to investigate the potential of SIP imaging to delineate areas with different BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene) concentrations. Conductivity images reveal a...
Alan P Graves et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 48(11), 3714-3728 (2005-05-27)
Molecular docking is widely used to predict novel lead compounds for drug discovery. Success depends on the quality of the docking scoring function, among other factors. An imperfect scoring function can mislead by predicting incorrect ligand geometries or by selecting...
Yacine Kerchich et al.
Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995), 62(12), 1370-1379 (2013-02-01)
The study presents the levels of air pollution by aromatic organic compounds BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-, m-, and p-xylenes) in the city of Algiers. The sampling was carried out using Radiello passive sampler. Three sampling campaigns were carried out...
Murthy Kasi et al.
Biodegradation, 24(2), 279-293 (2012-08-16)
A comprehensive study on the effects of different carbon sources during the bacterial enrichment on the removal performances of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) compounds when present as a mixture was conducted. Batch BTEX removal kinetic experiments were performed...
Rogers Ribeiro et al.
Biodegradation, 24(2), 269-278 (2012-08-23)
Because benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) and ethanol are important contaminants present in Brazilian gasoline, it is essential to develop technology that can be used in the bioremediation of gasoline-contaminated aquifers. This paper evaluates the performance of a horizontal-flow...
Dânia Elisa Christofoletti Mazzeo et al.
Chemosphere, 90(3), 1030-1036 (2012-09-18)
The BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene) mixture is an environmental pollutant that has a high potential to contaminate water resources, especially groundwater. The bioremediation process by microorganisms has often been used as a tool for removing BTEX from contaminated...
Ethylbenzene.
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, 77, 227-266 (2000-12-02)
Habib Bagheri et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 863, 20-28 (2015-03-04)
A highly efficient polybutylene terephthalate (PBT)-based nanocomposite containing nickel oxide nanoparticles was synthesized by electrospinning technique and used as a fiber coating for solid phase microextraction. The influential morphological parameters and capability of the prepared nanocomposite including the NiO content...