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Hisashi Yamasaki et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 19(4), 685-688 (2007-03-06)
Octyl gallate inhibited the multiplication of several RNA viruses with widely different structure and replication strategies; i.e. vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), influenza virus and poliovirus. In addition, octyl gallate showed virucidal activity against enveloped viruses at high concentrations. Characterization of
Fu-Lan Hsu et al.
Bioresource technology, 98(4), 734-738 (2006-06-06)
The objective of this study was to investigate the possibility of using octyl gallate alone or with organic biocides as a preservative against wood decay fungi. Antifungal activities of three antioxidants, propyl gallate, octyl gallate and butylated hydroxyltoluene (BHT) were
Eve-Marie Josse et al.
European journal of biochemistry, 270(18), 3787-3794 (2003-09-03)
The plastid terminal oxidase (PTOX) encoded by the Arabidopsis IMMUTANS gene was expressed in Escherichia coli cells and its quinone/oxygen oxidoreductase activity monitored in isolated bacterial membranes using NADH as an electron donor. Specificity for plastoquinone was observed. Neither ubiquinone
Isao Kubo et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 50(23), 6692-6696 (2002-10-31)
A series of alkyl gallates (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoates) was synthesized and tested for their antibacterial activity against Salmonella choleraesuis. Nonyl (C(9)) and octyl (C(8)) gallates were noted to be the most effective against this food-borne bacterium, each with a minimum bactericidal concentration
Liisa Törmäkangas et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 70(8), 1222-1230 (2005-09-06)
Increasing evidence suggests that plant polyphenolic compounds may protect from cardiovascular diseases, which have been addressed to their antioxidative properties. In addition, these compounds have been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial potential. In the present study we tested the
Paul D Stapleton et al.
International journal of antimicrobial agents, 23(5), 462-467 (2004-05-04)
Aqueous extracts of Japanese green tea (Camellia sinensis) are able to reverse beta-lactam resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We have attributed the capacity to reverse oxacillin resistance in the homogeneous PBP2a producer BB568 and in EMRSA-16 to (-)-epicatechin gallate
E Sierra-Campos et al.
Microbiology (Reading, England), 155(Pt 2), 604-611 (2009-02-10)
The effects of octyl gallate on Ustilago maydis yeast cells were analysed in relation to its capacity to oxidize compounds (pro-oxidant actions). All phenolic compounds tested inhibited the alternative oxidase (AOX). However, only octyl gallate induced a morphological change in
M L García-Melgares et al.
Actas dermo-sifiliograficas, 98(10), 688-693 (2007-11-24)
Since 1947, the cosmetics, pharmaceutical, and food industries have used gallates as antioxidants to prevent the oxidation of unsaturated fats in their products. The aim of this study was to review the cases of sensitization to gallates diagnosed in our
Tae Joung Ha et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 52(10), 3177-3181 (2004-05-13)
Octyl gallate inhibited soybean lipoxygenase-1 (EC, type I) with an IC(50) of 1.3 microM. The inhibition of the enzyme by octyl gallate is a slow and reversible reaction without residual activity. The inhibition kinetics analyzed by Lineweaver-Burk plots indicates
Isao Kubo et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 52(5), 1072-1076 (2004-03-05)
The antibacterial activity of a series of alkyl gallates (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoates) against Gram-positive bacteria was tested using a broth dilution method. All of the Gram-positive bacteria tested were susceptible to alkyl gallates, and this activity was found to correlate with the
Anna Radomska
Acta poloniae pharmaceutica, 60(3), 191-195 (2003-10-15)
This paper reports on the effect of captopril on the stability of unsaturated fatty acids in the evening primrose oil. The experiment was performed for captopril at concentrations of 0.05%, 0.1% and 0.2% in the samples of evening primrose oil
Nurit Bar Nun et al.
Phytochemistry, 64(1), 235-241 (2003-08-30)
The appearance of the activity of the cyanide insensitive, alternative oxidase (AOX), pathway of oxygen uptake was followed in seeds of Orobanche aegyptiaca during conditioning. The pathway becomes operative during conditioning, up to day three as determined by inhibition of
Clarissa A S de Cordova et al.
Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA, 25(8), 2025-2034 (2011-08-23)
This study investigated the mechanism of cytotoxicity of octyl (G8) and dodecyl (G12) gallates in a murine melanoma cell line (B16F10). For this purpose, several methods to measure cell viability were used to determine if the cytotoxicity induced by these
Gabrielle Jacklin Eler et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 273(1), 35-46 (2013-09-10)
n-Propyl gallate and its analogs are used in foods and other products to prevent oxidation. In the liver the compound exerts several harmful effects, especially gluconeogenesis inhibition. The mode of transport and distribution of n-propyl gallate and its kinetics of
Phenolic acid derivatives with potential anticancer properties-a structure-activity relationship study. Part 1: Methyl, propyl and octyl esters of caffeic and gallic acids.
Fiuza SM, et al.
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 12(13), 3581-3589 (2004)
Xiaojun Li et al.
Drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics, 26(4), 341-350 (2011-03-23)
Ferulic acid (FA), a member of the hydroxycinnamate family, is an abundant dietary antioxidant that may offer beneficial effects against cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis and Alzheimer's disease. In this study, evidence for sulfation and glucuronidation of FA was investigated
Yoshihiro Uesawa et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 32(12), 1476-1481 (2004-09-28)
Dulcin (DL), 4-ethoxyphenylurea, a synthetic chemical about 200 times as sweet as sucrose, has been proposed for use as an artificial sweetener. DL is excreted as a urinary ureido-N-glucuronide after oral administration to rabbits. The phenylurea N-glucuronide is the only
Hirofumi Shibata et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 53(5), 2218-2220 (2009-02-19)
Using liposome systems, we found that gallates with short alkyl chains were located in the external medium and those with longer alkyl chains were located in the surface region of lipid bilayer. Combinations of these gallates remarkably reduced oxacillin MICs
Analysis of synthetic antioxidants and preservatives in edible vegetable oil by HPLC/TOF-MS.
Xiu-Qin L, et al.
Food Chemistry, 113(2), 692-700 (2009)
Javier Rúa et al.
Foodborne pathogens and disease, 8(1), 149-157 (2010-11-03)
Six pure phenolic compounds (hydroquinone, thymol, carvacrol, butylated hydroxyanisole, gallic acid, and octyl gallate) were tested for their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) against several strains of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from dairy and meat products. In
Jun Liang et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 59(24), 13173-13180 (2011-11-09)
The effect of octyl gallate and propyl gallate on the molecular mobility, oxygen permeability, and microstructure of zein/glycerol films was studied. Films were cast from 70% ethanol/water containing 20% (w/w) glycerol and different amounts of the antioxidants propyl gallate or
Quantification of synthetic phenolic antioxidants in dry foods by reversed-phase HPLC with photodiode array detection.
Perrin C and Meyer L
Food Chemistry, 77(1), 93-100 (2002)
Tsutomu Arakawa et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 355(1-2), 220-223 (2008-02-05)
Arginine suppresses protein-protein and protein-surface interactions and thus is expected to increase the solubility of the proteins. We have examined here the effects of arginine on the solubility of a highly insoluble protein, gluten, and two organic compounds, octyl-gallate and
Fast analysis of synthetic antioxidants in edible vegetable oil using trilinear component modeling of liquid chromatography-diode array detection data.
Wang JY, et al.
Journal of Chromatography A, 1264(2), 63-71 (2012)
Jiangxin Wang et al.
Planta, 230(1), 191-203 (2009-05-02)
The plastid terminal oxidase (PTOX) is a plastoquinol oxidase involved in carotenoid biosynthesis in higher plants, and may also represent the elusive oxidase in chlororespiration. Haematococcus pluvialis is a green alga that has the ability to synthesize and accumulate large
Misao Uozaki et al.
Antiviral research, 73(2), 85-91 (2006-09-05)
The effects of gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid) and its alkyl esters on virus growth and virion infectivity were examined. All the compounds tested showed an inhibitory effect on the growth of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in HEp-2 or
Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome associated with allergic contact dermatitis from octyl and dodecyl gallates.
Gavin A E Wong et al.
Contact dermatitis, 49(5), 266-267 (2004-03-05)
Matthew G Soars et al.
Journal of pharmacological and toxicological methods, 47(3), 161-168 (2003-03-12)
Glucuronidation by the uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) plays a pivotal role in the clearance mechanism of both xenobiotics and endobiotics. The detection of glucuronides at low micromolar concentrations is required to accurately model in vitro enzyme kinetics and in vivo
K Kreander et al.
Folia microbiologica, 50(6), 487-493 (2006-05-10)
A rapid and simple microdilution technique on 96-well microplate based on turbidimetry was optimized and validated for screening of antimicrobial activity against erythromycin-resistant bacterial strains of Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus simulans isolated from Finnish patients. Using S. pyogenes ATCC 12351
Nagao Totani et al.
Journal of oleo science, 61(6), 331-336 (2012-06-13)
We previously fed rats with an ester (90 ppm in a powdered AIN93G diet) synthesized from gallic acid and 1,2-dioleoyl glycerol and found that it promoted weight loss more effectively than either octyl gallate or gallic acid. Here, we esterified
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