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Yuki Moriya et al.
Psychopharmacology, 232(8), 1471-1482 (2014-11-05)
Evidence based on clinical and experimental animal studies indicates that adolescent social deprivation influences alcohol consumption in a sex-dependent manner, perhaps by influencing stress responses. However, the mechanisms underlying the interaction between these phenomena remain to be elucidated. Since the
Georgia Pennarossa et al.
Mechanisms of development, 136, 30-39 (2015-02-24)
Parthenogenetic cells, obtained from in vitro activated mammalian oocytes, display multipolar spindles, chromosome malsegregation and a high incidence of aneuploidy, probably due to the lack of paternal contribution. Despite this, parthenogenetic cells do not show high rates of apoptosis and
János T Padra et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(12), 5235-5245 (2014-10-08)
Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida infection, also known as furunculosis disease, is associated with high morbidity and mortality in salmonid aquaculture. The first line of defense the pathogen encounters is the mucus layer, which is predominantly comprised of secreted mucins. Here
Ke Qian et al.
Neurochemical research, 39(7), 1206-1218 (2014-04-03)
Citicoline, a natural compound that functions as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of cell membrane phospholipids, is essential for membrane integrity and repair. It has been reported to protect brain against trauma. This study was designed to investigate the protective
Jesse Hwang et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(52), E5706-E5715 (2014-12-17)
An shRNA-mediated screen of the 48 human nuclear receptor genes identified multiple candidates likely to influence the production of human cytomegalovirus in cultured human fibroblasts, including the estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα), an orphan nuclear receptor. The 50-kDa receptor and a
Young-Tae Ju et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 116(2), 277-286 (2014-09-05)
Heat shock protein 20 (HSP20), which is a member of the small heat shock protein family, is known to participate in many pathological processes, such as asthma, intimal hyperplasia, and insulin resistance. However, the function of HSP20 in cancer development
C Li et al.
Journal of dental research, 94(3), 455-463 (2015-01-15)
Recent studies have demonstrated that erythropoietin (EPO) has extensive nonhematopoietic biological functions. However, little is known about how EPO regulates bone formation, although several studies suggested that EPO can affect bone homeostasis. In this study, we investigated the effects of
Isabel Izquierdo-Barba et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 15, 20-28 (2015-01-13)
Bacterial colonization and biofilm formation on orthopedic implants is one of the worst scenarios in orthopedic surgery, in terms of both patient prognosis and healthcare costs. Tailoring the surfaces of implants at the nanoscale to actively promote bone bonding while
Michael M Chen et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 307(7), G711-G718 (2014-08-12)
Approximately half of all adult burn patients are intoxicated at the time of their injury and have worse clinical outcomes than those without prior alcohol exposure. This study tested the hypothesis that intoxication alters the gut-liver axis, leading to increased
Guanghui Cui et al.
Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England), 32(4), 124-124 (2015-03-20)
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies with a distinctly high incidence and mortality rate. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the major histologic subtype of EC, with 40-70 % of tumors overexpressing the epidermal growth factor receptor
Rima Ait-Belkacem et al.
mAbs, 6(6), 1385-1393 (2014-12-09)
Bevacizumab induces normalization of abnormal blood vessels, making them less leaky. By binding to vascular endothelial growth factor, it indirectly attacks the vascular tumor mass. The optimal delivery of targeted therapies including monoclonal antibodies or anti-angiogenesis drugs to the target
Ageliki Tsagaratou et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(32), E3306-E3315 (2014-07-30)
The discovery of Ten Eleven Translocation proteins, enzymes that oxidize 5-methylcytosine (5mC) in DNA, has revealed novel mechanisms for the regulation of DNA methylation. We have mapped 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) at different stages of T-cell development in the thymus and T-cell
AeRyon Kim et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5369-5369 (2014-11-22)
Immunodominant epitopes are few selected epitopes from complex antigens that initiate T-cell responses. Here to provide further insights into this process, we use a reductionist cell-free antigen-processing system composed of defined components. We use the system to characterize steps in
Justin P Wagner et al.
Journal of pediatric surgery, 49(8), 1319-1324 (2014-08-06)
Hirschsprung's disease is characterized by a developmental arrest of neural crest cell migration, causing distal aganglionosis. Transplanted cells derived from the neural crest may regenerate enteric ganglia in this condition. We investigated the potential of skin-derived precursor cells (SKPs) to
Sayan Basu et al.
Science translational medicine, 6(266), 266ra172-266ra172 (2014-12-17)
Conventional allograft therapy for corneal scarring is widespread and successful, but donor tissue is not universally available, and some grafts fail owing to rejection and complications such as endothelial failure. We investigated direct treatment of corneal scarring using autologous stem
K Krishnanunni et al.
Journal of food science and technology, 52(5), 2572-2584 (2015-04-22)
The objective of this study is to analyze the chemical composition and volatiles present in two medicinal rice varieties of "karungkuravai" and "mappilai samba" and to investigate their total phenolic content and bio activity. Chemical composition of the rice varieties
Mahesh Mohan et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 194(1), 291-306 (2014-12-03)
Persistent gastrointestinal inflammation, a hallmark of progressive HIV/SIV infection, causes disruption of the gastrointestinal epithelial barrier, microbial translocation, and generalized immune activation/inflammation driving AIDS progression. Apart from protein regulators, recent studies strongly suggest critical roles for microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating
Subburayan Karthikeyan et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 70, 274-282 (2015-03-18)
Previously, we reported that the prepared resveratrol (RSV) loaded gelatin nanoparticles (GNPs) possessed enhanced anticancer effect than free RSV in non-small cell lung carcinoma cells and Swiss albino mice. The present study aims to explore the relevant mechanism of cell
Yi-Fei Chen et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 34(6), 1591-1598 (2014-10-17)
The difficulties faced in the effective treatment of ovarian cancer are multifactorial, but are mainly associated with relapse and drug resistance. Cancer stem-like cells have been reported to be an important contributor to these hindering factors. In this study, we
J Nathan Hohman et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 136(22), 8110-8121 (2014-05-08)
When alkanethiolate self-assembled monolayers on Au{111} are exchanged with alkaneselenols from solution, replacement of thiolates by selenols is rapid and complete, and is well described by perimeter-dependent island growth kinetics. The monolayer structures change as selenolate coverage increases, from being
P D Callaghan et al.
European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, 42(1), 138-151 (2014-09-19)
The in vivo binding parameters of the novel imidazopyridine TSPO ligand [(18)F]PBR102 were assessed and compared with those of [(18)F]PBR111 in a rodent model of neuroinflammation. The validity of the key assumptions of the simplified reference tissue model (SRTM) for
York Rudhard et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(7), 2927-2941 (2015-02-24)
Axon degeneration is a programed process that takes place during development, in response to neuronal injury, and as a component of neurodegenerative disease pathology, yet the molecular mechanisms that drive this process remain poorly defined. In this study, we have
Carolien E van de Sandt et al.
Vaccine, 32(43), 5614-5623 (2014-08-21)
Vaccines used against seasonal influenza are poorly effective against influenza A viruses of novel subtypes that may have pandemic potential. Furthermore, pre(pandemic) influenza vaccines are poorly immunogenic, which can be overcome by the use of adjuvants. A limited number of
Cristina Potrich et al.
Lab on a chip, 14(20), 4067-4075 (2014-09-02)
There is an increasing interest in circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) as potential minimally invasive diagnostic biomarkers in oncology. Considerable efforts are being made in the development of lab-on-a-chip devices for biomedical applications to purify and detect miRNAs from biological fluids. Here
Christopher M Peters et al.
Anesthesiology, 122(4), 895-907 (2015-01-13)
Chronic postsurgical pain, a significant public health problem, occurs in 10 to 50% of patients undergoing major surgery. Acute pain induces endogenous analgesia termed conditioned pain modulation (CPM), and the strength of CPM preoperatively predicts the likelihood of chronic postsurgical
Chris Bath et al.
Molecular vision, 20, 797-803 (2014-06-19)
Attempts to determine the transcriptional profile of discrete subsets of limbal epithelial cells in situ using laser capture microdissection (LCM) face two major challenges. First, the transcriptional profile of cells within a tissue may rapidly change as the tissue is
Judith H Robins et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e98002-e98002 (2014-05-29)
The genus Rattus is highly speciose, the taxonomy is complex, and individuals are often difficult to identify to the species level. Previous studies have demonstrated the usefulness of phylogenetic approaches to identification in Rattus but some species, especially among the
Anna Sankiewicz et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 469, 4-11 (2014-10-15)
We have developed a new method for highly selective determination of the ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) concentration using a surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) technique and two different biosensors. UCH-L1 was captured from a solution by immobilized specific rabbit
Leila Bagheri et al.
Journal of microencapsulation, 31(7), 636-643 (2014-04-29)
Whey proteins were inter-connected either by the enzyme transglutaminase or citric acid and then desolvated with ethanol to generate particles. Both samples comprised of sub-micron (>300 nm) and nano-scaled (~100 nm) particles based on the hydrodynamic size measurements. Enzyme-induced cross-linking
Liyun Ma et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1376, 64-73 (2014-12-22)
Cucurbit[7]uril (CB7), one host macromolecule, possesses a hydrophobic inner cavity and two identical hydrophilic carbonyl fringe portals, thus interacting with a variety of guest molecules through hydrophobic, hydrogen bonding and ion-dipole interactions. These characteristics make CB7 a good candidate as
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