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124214

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Po-Chen Hung et al.
Occupational and environmental medicine, 68(10), 777-782 (2011-02-01)
In this study, exposures to ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (or 2-butoxyethanol, 2-BE) in decal transfer workers in the bicycle manufacturing industry were investigated. Personal air sampling and biological monitoring were used to assess total uptake through inhalation and dermal exposure....
P J Boogaard
Human & experimental toxicology, 27(4), 297-305 (2008-08-08)
Dermal exposure is an important factor in risk characterization. In occupational settings it becomes relatively more important because of the continuous reduction in inhalation exposure. In the public health arena, dermal exposure may also form a significant contribution to the...
Matthew J Traynor et al.
Toxicology letters, 177(3), 151-155 (2008-03-04)
Glycol ethers are widely used in industrial and household applications because their chemical and physical properties make them versatile solvents, miscible with both water and organic media. Due to the ease with which the glycol ethers are absorbed through the...
P Bauer et al.
Intensive care medicine, 18(4), 250-251 (1992-01-01)
A case of acute poisoning with ethylene glycol butyl ether (EGBE) is reported in a chronic alcohol abuser. On admission the 53-year-old patient was comatose with metabolic acidosis, shock, and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema confirmed by haemodynamic study. Following supportive treatment...
Bram Baert et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 15(22), 6943-6955 (2007-09-11)
A set of 116 structurally very diverse compounds, mainly drugs, was characterized by 1630 molecular descriptors. The biological property modelled in this study was the transdermal permeability coefficient logK(p). The main objective was to find a limited set of suitable...
Ryszard Tokarczyk et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1217(44), 6964-6970 (2010-09-22)
A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry isotope dilution (GC-MS ID) method was developed and tested for the determination of 14 common glycol ethers in consumer products. Stable isotope labelled standards, 2-methoxyethanol-D(7) and 2-butoxyethanol-(13)C(2) (CDN isotopes) were employed to enhance the accuracy and...
Ilona Sperlingová et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 397(2), 433-438 (2009-10-02)
Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (EGBE), an industrial solvent, is absorbed by the body not only by inhalation but also by dermal absorption (liquid or vapour). EGBE is metabolized to butoxyacetic acid (BAA). Pooled freeze-dried urine candidate reference material (RM) was...
Prajakta S Palkar et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 225(1), 102-112 (2007-09-14)
Protection against a high dose of a toxicant by prior exposure to another toxicant is called heteroprotection. Our objective was to establish a heteroprotection model in RBCs. Female Sprague Dawley rats treated with an LD90 dose of 2-butoxyethanol (BE, 1500...
Peter Westh et al.
The Journal of chemical physics, 129(21), 211101-211101 (2008-12-10)
The solute (i)-solute interaction in terms of enthalpy, H(i-i) (E)=N( partial differential(2)H(E)/ partial differentialn(i) (2))=(1-x(i))( partial differential(2)H(E)/ partial differentialn(i) partial differentialx(i)), the third derivative of G, was experimentally determined using a Thermal Activity Monitor isothermal titration calorimeter for aqueous solutions...
Andrzej Starek et al.
Archives of toxicology, 82(2), 125-136 (2007-09-18)
This study was carried out to compare the hematological effects of 2-methoxyethanol (ME), 2-ethoxyethanol (EE), 2-isopropoxyethanol (IPE), and 2-butoxyethanol (BE) in short-term studies in rats. Male rats were subcutaneously treated with ME or EE at a dosage of 0, 1.25...
F M Williams
Human & experimental toxicology, 27(4), 277-280 (2008-08-08)
Dermally absorbed chemicals can be locally metabolized in the skin during absorption but it is difficult to distinguish this metabolism from liver metabolism by biological monitoring in vivo. Studies with sub-cellular fractions have showed the presence of metabolizing enzymes in...
Andrzej Starek et al.
Medycyna pracy, 59(2), 179-185 (2008-07-26)
Ethylene glycol alkyl ethers (EGAE), 2-methoxyethanol, 2-ethoxyethanol, 2-isopropoxyethanol, and 2-butoxyethanol, are widely used in a variety of industrial and household products. They are found in a number of paints, varnishes, engine fuels, hydraulic fluids, and also in many household products...
Magdalena Regulska et al.
Pharmacological reports : PR, 62(6), 1243-1249 (2011-01-29)
Ethylene glycol ethers (EGEs) are a class of chemicals used extensively in the manufacture of a wide range of domestic and industrial products, which may result in human exposure and toxicity. Hematologic and reproductive toxicity of EGEs are well known...
Prajakta S Palkar et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 230(3), 338-345 (2008-04-26)
Administration of a low priming dose of 2-butoxyethanol (BE, 500 mg/kg, p.o.) 7 days prior to a larger LD(90) dose (1500 mg BE/kg, p.o.) offers protection against the lethal dose-induced hemolysis and death in female Sprague Dawley rats because of...
Changkyu Kim et al.
Nanoscale, 7(15), 6627-6635 (2015-03-21)
The realization of air-stable nanoparticles, well-formulated nanoinks, and conductive patterns based on copper is a great challenge in low-cost and large-area flexible printed electronics. This work reports the synthesis of a conductively interconnected copper structure via thermal sintering of copper...
R Rella et al.
Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM, 14(10), 2659-2662 (2012-08-18)
Indoor air quality is important because people are spending an increasing amount of time in the workplace. They are exposed to outdoor pollutants as well as pollutants emitted from products used indoors. Some chemicals, belonging to the category of volatile...
Case Study: Deepwater horizon response workers exposure assessment at the source: MC252 well No. 1.
Steven H Ahrenholz et al.
Journal of occupational and environmental hygiene, 8(6), D43-D50 (2011-05-24)
Gintautas Korinth et al.
Toxicology letters, 170(2), 97-103 (2007-04-07)
We determined percutaneous absorption kinetics of 2-butoxyethanol (BE) in volunteers using microdialysis. Four male volunteers were dermally exposed twice to 90% and 50% aqueous solutions (v/v) of BE for 4.5h. To determine percutaneous absorption kinetics the concentration of BE was...
Tawny Hung et al.
Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.), 48(6), 569-571 (2010-06-22)
2-butoxyethanol (2BE) is a solvent commonly incorporated into household and industrial cleaning products. Its ingestion causes rapid central nervous system depression, hypotension, and metabolic acidosis attributable to metabolism of the parent compound to butoxyacetic acid (BAA) by alcohol dehydrogenase. Lactic...
Lisa M Kamendulis et al.
Toxicology, 270(2-3), 131-136 (2010-02-16)
2-Butoxyethanol increases hemangiosarcomas selectively in male mouse liver after chronic inhalation through mechanisms that have not fully been elucidated. Hemolysis, a primary toxic effect associated with 2-butoxyethanol exposure in rodents, increased hemosiderin (iron) deposition in Kupffer cells in the liver....
Juha Ari Laitinen et al.
Toxicology letters, 231(2), 227-232 (2014-12-03)
The aim of this study was to assess eight firefighters' exposure to Sthamex 3% AFFF (aqueous film forming foam) in the simulation of aircraft accidents at Oulu airport in Finland. Study was conducted in 2010 before limitation for the use...
Andrzej Starek
Acta poloniae pharmaceutica, 65(4), 421-425 (2008-12-05)
The nature of hemolytic effect induced by ethylene glycol alkyl ethers was analyzed taking into account G-6-PDH activity, ATP, pyruvate and thiols levels in peripheral blood of rats treated with single doses of 2-ethoxyethanol and 2-butoxyethanol. In addition, the susceptibility...
Horst Christoph Broding et al.
Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft = Journal of the German Society of Dermatology : JDDG, 9(8), 618-627 (2011-07-28)
Presently, percutaneous absorption of potentially hazardous chemicals in humans can only be assessed in animal experiments, in vitro, or predicted mathematically. Our aim was to demonstrate the proof-of-principle of a novel quantitative in vivo assay for percutaneous absorption: confocal Raman...
Daphna Laifenfeld et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 113(1), 254-266 (2009-10-09)
To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying compound-induced hemangiosarcomas in mice, and therefore, their human relevance, a systems biology approach was undertaken using transcriptomics and Causal Network Modeling from mice treated with 2-butoxyethanol (2-BE). 2-BE is a hemolytic agent that induces...
G Amir et al.
The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery, 49(1), 21-25 (2009-12-26)
Female rats develop haemolytic anaemia and disseminated thrombosis and infarction in multiple organs, including bone, when exposed to 2-butoxyethanol (BE). There is growing evidence that vascular occlusion of the subchondral bone may play a part in some cases of osteoarthritis....
Gintautas Korinth et al.
Archives of toxicology, 81(12), 833-840 (2007-06-20)
By regulatory authorities the rat is considered to be a suitable animal model to predict the percutaneous absorption of hazardous substances in humans. In our study, the percutaneous penetration of 2-butoxyethanol (BE) and toluene was compared in different rat models....
Chitrabhanu Bandyopadhyay et al.
Archives of environmental & occupational health, 64(2), 135-136 (2009-04-28)
Chemical injury to the eye is an ophthalmic emergency that can be caused by a work-related accident or common household products. Uradil SZ261 G3Z-65 is a resin containing butyl gycol (2-butoxyethanol) and ethyl ethanol amine (2-dimethyaminoethanol). It is used in...
Andrzej Starek et al.
Acta poloniae pharmaceutica, 64(1), 93-100 (2007-08-02)
2-Butoxyethanol (BE) is a one member of a family of ethylene glycol monoalkyl ethers that are used in a variety of industrial and household products. The clinical features of human and animal BE intoxications mainly include metabolic acidosis, CNS depression...
Annette L Bunge et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 435(1), 50-62 (2012-02-15)
Absorption of 2-butoxyethanol (BE) from neat and aqueous solutions of BE was measured through rat skin in vitro and in vivo and through silicone membranes. Like previous studies in human and guinea pig skin, BE flux increased proportional to BE...
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