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Vladimir V Dynnik et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0134145-e0134145 (2015-07-29)
The aim of present study was to investigate the effects of ammonium ions on in vitro neuronal network activity and to search alternative methods of acute ammonia neurotoxicity prevention. Rat hippocampal neuronal and astrocytes co-cultures in vitro, fluorescent microscopy and...
Yulia Kaluzhny et al.
Alternatives to laboratory animals : ATLA, 43(2), 101-127 (2015-05-23)
The 7th Amendment to the EU Cosmetics Directive and the EU REACH Regulation have reinforced the need for in vitro ocular test methods. Validated in vitro ocular toxicity tests that can predict the human response to chemicals, cosmetics and other...
Daniel A Shoskes et al.
The Journal of urology, 168(1), 331-335 (2002-06-07)
The chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a common disorder of unknown etiology. Elevated cytokines in prostate fluid and semen are frequent findings. We studied genetic polymorphisms that can alter cytokine gene expression in men with the chronic pelvic pain syndrome....
Theodore Spilker et al.
Journal of clinical microbiology, 50(9), 3010-3015 (2012-07-13)
The genus Achromobacter currently is comprised of seven species, including Achromobacter xylosoxidans, an opportunistic and nosocomial pathogen that displays broad-spectrum antimicrobial resistance and is recognized as causing chronic respiratory tract infection in persons with cystic fibrosis (CF). To enable strain...
W Henke et al.
Nucleic acids research, 25(19), 3957-3958 (1997-10-10)
Betaine improves the co-amplification of the two alternatively spliced variants of the prostate-specific membrane antigen mRNA as well as the amplification of the coding cDNA region of c-jun. It is suggested that betaine improves the amplification of these genes by...
M Kovárová et al.
Nucleic acids research, 28(13), E70-E70 (2000-06-28)
Tetramethylammonium (TMA) chloride, dimethyl sulfoxide and formamide are known to increase, under certain conditions, the specificity and efficiency of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We compared the ability of several TMA derivatives and some other reagents to increase the specificity...
Cletus Nunes et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 93(1), 38-47 (2003-12-04)
The objectives were (1). to perform solid-state characterization of anhydrous betaine (A) and betaine monohydrate (M), (2). to develop a pressure differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) technique for the quantification of M when present as a minor component in a mixture...
Russell D L Johnstone et al.
Acta crystallographica. Section B, Structural science, 65(Pt 6), 731-748 (2009-11-20)
We report the effect of pressure on the crystal structures of betaine monohydrate (BTM), L-cysteic acid monohydrate (CAM) and S-4-sulfo-L-phenylalanine monohydrate (SPM). All three structures are composed of layers of zwitterionic molecules separated by layers of water molecules. In BTM...
Meike Eklund et al.
Archives of animal nutrition, 60(4), 289-300 (2006-08-23)
A balance experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of betaine monohydrate (BET) or betaine derived from condensed molasses solubles (CMS) as a substitute for methionine and choline on nitrogen (N) balance and total tract nutrient digestibility in weaned...
Scott O Sundberg et al.
Clinical chemistry, 60(10), 1306-1313 (2014-08-15)
Clinical molecular testing typically batches samples to minimize costs or uses multiplex lab-on-a-chip disposables to analyze a few targets. In genetics, multiple variants need to be analyzed, and different work flows that rapidly analyze multiple loci in a few targets...
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