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Vanessa Neuhaus et al.
Vaccine, 32(26), 3216-3222 (2014-04-16)
Annually influenza virus infections are responsible for hospitalization and mortality, especially in high risk groups. Constant antigenic changes in seasonal influenza viruses resulted from antigenic shifts and antigenic drifts, enable emerging of novel virus subtypes that may reduce current vaccine
Stefan Schöneich et al.
Journal of neurophysiology, 113(1), 390-399 (2014-10-17)
Crickets carry wind-sensitive mechanoreceptors on their cerci, which, in response to the airflow produced by approaching predators, triggers escape reactions via ascending giant interneurons (GIs). Males also activate their cercal system by air currents generated due to the wing movements
Nrupa Borkar et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 89, 216-223 (2014-12-17)
Apomorphine, a subcutaneously administered drug for Parkinson's disease with short half-life requires frequent administration leading to patient non-compliance. This study aimed at synthesising and purifying lipophilic diesters of apomorphine, and investigating their in vitro degradation in biorelevant media before and
Arin Marchesi et al.
The Journal of physiology, 593(4), 857-870 (2014-12-07)
Desensitization and inactivation provide a form of short-term memory controlling the firing patterns of excitable cells and adaptation in sensory systems. Unlike many of their cousin K(+) channels, cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels are thought not to desensitize or inactivate. Here
Toru Taguchi et al.
Pain, 156(3), 415-427 (2015-01-20)
Chronic widespread pain is a serious medical problem, yet the mechanisms of nociception and pain are poorly understood. Using a reserpine-induced pain model originally reported as a putative animal model for fibromyalgia, this study was undertaken to examine the following:
Moumita Ghosh et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 8(12), e3367-e3367 (2014-12-05)
The protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani (LD) reduces cellular cholesterol of the host possibly for its own benefit. Cholesterol is mostly present in the specialized compartment of the plasma membrane. The relation between mobility of membrane proteins and cholesterol depletion from
Katrijn De Brucker et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(9), 5395-5404 (2014-07-02)
We identified a 26-amino-acid truncated form of the 34-amino-acid cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) in the islets of Langerhans of the murine pancreas. This peptide, P318, shares 67% identity with the LL-37 human antimicrobial peptide. As LL-37 displays antimicrobial and antibiofilm
Marilis Rodriguez et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107727-e107727 (2014-09-17)
Human babesiosis is caused by one of several babesial species transmitted by ixodid ticks that have distinct geographical distributions based on the presence of competent animal hosts. The pathology of babesiosis, like malaria, is a consequence of the parasitaemia which
Krishna Gokul et al.
Neurochemical research, 39(7), 1382-1394 (2014-05-17)
Although tomato seeds (an industrial by-product) are known to contain several bioactive compounds, studies describing their health effects are limited. Previously, we evidenced that aqueous extract of tomato seeds (TSE) markedly attenuated rotenone (ROT)-induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in Drosophila
Lucile E Wrenshall et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e102191-e102191 (2014-07-16)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a multi-faceted cytokine, known for promoting proliferation, survival, and cell death depending on the cell type and state. For example, IL-2 facilitates cell death only in activated T cells when antigen and IL-2 are abundant. The availability
Ina Hermann et al.
American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology, 52(1), 14-24 (2014-06-12)
Treatment of primary or immortalized human airway epithelial cells (16HBE14o-, S9) or alveolar cancer cells (A549) with recombinant hemolysin A (rHla), a major virulence-associated factor of Staphylococcus aureus, induces alterations in cell shape and formation of paracellular gaps in the
C Denoyelle et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1445-e1445 (2014-10-10)
We sought to identify miRNAs that can efficiently induce apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells by overcoming BCL-X(L) and MCL1 anti-apoptotic activity, using combined computational and experimental approaches. We found that miR-491-5p efficiently induces apoptosis in IGROV1-R10 cells by directly inhibiting
Geethu Emily Thomas et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(1), 133-146 (2014-10-14)
Microtubule plus‑end‑binding protein (+TIP) EB1 has been shown to be upregulated in breast cancer cells and promote breast tumor growth in vivo. However, its effect on the cellular actions of microtubule‑targeted drugs in breast cancer cells has remained poorly understood. By using cellular
Kate M Hatzopoulos et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(6), 3957-3970 (2014-06-05)
Retinal angiogenesis, neural dysfunction, and microglial activation occur in both humans with retinopathy of prematurity and in animal models of the disease. The aim of this study was to assess whether blockade of the renin-angiotensin system ameliorated these effects in
Yong Fang Zhu et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 466(7), 1467-1475 (2013-10-09)
Enteric sensory neurons (the AH neurons) play a role in control of gastrointestinal motor activity; AH neuron activation has been proposed to change propulsion into segmentation. We sought to find a mechanism underlying this phenomenon. We formulated the hypothesis that
Afaf Sahraoui et al.
Cell transplantation, 23(10), 1199-1211 (2013-05-03)
Pretreatment culture before islet transplantation represents a window of opportunity to ameliorate the proinflammatory profile expressed by human β-cells in duress. Anakinra (IL-1 receptor antagonist) and tocilizumab (monoclonal IL-6 receptor antibody) are two known anti-inflammatory agents successfully used in the
Kirsten Buschmann et al.
BMC immunology, 15, 53-53 (2014-11-28)
Insufficient leukocyte recruitment may be one reason for the high incidence of life-threatening infections in preterm infants. Since the receptor of advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a known leukocyte adhesion molecule and highly expressed during early development, we asked
Sophia Zoungas et al.
Annals of internal medicine, 151(9), 631-638 (2009-11-04)
Intravenous sodium bicarbonate has been proposed to reduce the risk for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). To determine the effect of sodium bicarbonate on the risk for CIN. MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 1950 to
Sylvie Maubant et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0122333-e0122333 (2015-04-08)
The canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway is activated in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). The activation of this pathway leads to the expression of specific target genes depending on the cell/tissue context. Here, we analyzed the transcriptome of two different TNBC cell lines
Robin Uchiyama et al.
The Journal of infectious diseases, 210(2), 171-182 (2014-01-18)
Rotavirus causes 500 000 deaths and millions of physician visits and hospitalizations per year, with worse outcomes and reduced vaccine efficacy in developing countries. We hypothesized that the gut microbiota might modulate rotavirus infection and/or antibody response and thus potentially
Prasuna Paluru et al.
Stem cell research, 12(2), 441-451 (2014-01-15)
The Wnt gene family consists of structurally related genes encoding secreted signaling molecules that have been implicated in many developmental processes, including regulation of cell fate and patterning during embryogenesis. Previously, we found that Wnt signaling is required for primitive
Joaquín Cordero-Martínez et al.
Systems biology in reproductive medicine, 60(4), 189-198 (2014-03-25)
The present study evaluates the effect of oxamate derivatives (N-ethyl, N-propyl, N-butyl oxamates) on functional murine sperm parameters, towards a new male non-hormonal contraceptive. These derivatives are selective inhibitors of lactate dehydrogenase-C4 (LDH-C4). LDH-C4 is a sperm-specific enzyme that plays
Li Li et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 471(1-2), 339-348 (2014-06-19)
Poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(caprolactone) (PEG-b-PCL) micelles dually loaded with both pheophorbide a (PhA) as a photosensitizer and β-carotene (CAR) as a singlet oxygen ((1)O2) scavenger were designed to control photodynamic therapy (PDT) activity in cancer treatment. The CAR in the PhA/CAR micelles
J Chalfoun et al.
Journal of microscopy, 257(3), 226-237 (2015-01-28)
Several computational challenges associated with large-scale background image correction of terabyte-sized fluorescent images are discussed and analysed in this paper. Dark current, flat-field and background correction models are applied over a mosaic of hundreds of spatially overlapping fields of view
N C Rubio et al.
Forensic science international, 243, 30-34 (2014-03-25)
The objectives of present work are twofold. First, we want to verify that hygrine and cuscohygrine are good markers to distinguish between chewing coca leaves and cocaine abuse. Secondly, we try to develop a quick and easy qualitative method to
Edyta Bąbolewska et al.
International immunology, 26(11), 637-646 (2014-07-06)
Cathelicidins represent a family of cationic peptides involved in host defense systems. Apart from exerting direct anti-microbial effects, cathelicidins can regulate immune responses by affecting the activity of cells playing a role in antibacterial defense. Taking into account that mast
Nicholas J Lodge et al.
Nuclear medicine and biology, 41(6), 524-535 (2014-05-06)
A radioligand for measuring the density of corticotropin-releasing factor subtype-1 receptors (CRF1 receptors) in living animal and human brain with positron emission tomography (PET) would be a useful tool for neuropsychiatric investigations and the development of drugs intended to interact
Andrea Hegedus et al.
Retrovirology, 11, 98-98 (2014-11-26)
HIV-1, like all viruses, is entirely dependent on the host cell for providing the metabolic resources for completion of the viral replication cycle and the production of virions. It is well established that HIV-1 replicates efficiently in activated CD4+ T
Ling-yun Li et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(41), 13670-13683 (2014-10-10)
Sensory information undergoes ordered and coordinated processing across cortical layers. Whereas cortical layer (L) 4 faithfully acquires thalamic information, the superficial layers appear well staged for more refined processing of L4-relayed signals to generate corticocortical outputs. However, the specific role
Filipe M de Melo et al.
Immunology and cell biology, 93(1), 86-98 (2014-09-17)
Current therapies against malignant melanoma generally fail to increase survival in most patients, and immunotherapy is a promising approach as it could reduce the dosage of toxic therapeutic drugs. In the present study, we show that an immunotherapeutic approach based
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