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Merve Esen et al.
Biotechnology and applied biochemistry, 62(2), 275-286 (2014-11-27)
The effect of various concentrations of ammonium nitrate (5-60 mM), an economical nitrogen source, on the growth, nitrate-ammonium uptake rates, production of some pigments and metabolites, and some nitrogen assimilation enzymes such as nitrate reductase (NR), nitrite reductase (NiR), glutamine
Ana C A X De-Oliveira et al.
PloS one, 10(1), e0117842-e0117842 (2015-01-31)
Mouse cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A5 is induced by inflammatory conditions and infectious diseases that down-regulate the expression and activity of most other CYP isoforms. Enhanced oxidative stress and nuclear factor (erythroid 2-related factor) 2 (Nrf2) transcription factor activation have been
Ju-Mi Hong et al.
Immunobiology, 220(1), 1-9 (2014-12-03)
Physalis alkekengi has been traditionally used for the treatment of coughs, middle ear infections, and sore throats in Korea, Europe, and China. It exhibits a variety of pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-cancer effects. The anti-inflammatory effects of
Albino Villegas-Bastida et al.
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2014, 451674-451674 (2014-07-25)
Electrical vagus nerve (VN) stimulation during sepsis attenuates tumor necrosis factor (TNF) production through the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, which depends on the integrity of the VN and catecholamine production. To characterize the effect of electroacupuncture at ST36 (EA-ST36) on serum
Danielle D Carrade Holt et al.
Stem cells and development, 23(11), 1258-1265 (2014-01-21)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are used in both human clinical trials and veterinary medicine for the treatment of inflammatory and immune-mediated diseases. MSCs modulate inflammation by decreasing the cells and products of the inflammatory response. Stimulated equine MSCs from bone
Amal Lamraoui et al.
Inflammation, 37(5), 1689-1704 (2014-05-27)
The inflammatory response caused by scorpion venoms is a key event in the pathogenesis of scorpion envenomation. This response was assessed in the cardiac, pulmonary, and gastric tissues of envenomed mice. The results reveal an increase of permeability in cardiac
Ali Jebali et al.
Drug and chemical toxicology, 37(4), 400-409 (2014-01-08)
The purpose of this research was to evaluate toxicity of uncoated magnesium oxide nanoparticles (MgO NPs), MgO NPs coated with Peanut agglutinin (PNA) lectin, and PNA alone on the promastigotes of Leishmania major (L. major) and macrophages of BALB/c mice.
Weerapon Sangartit et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e114908-e114908 (2014-12-17)
Cadmium (Cd) is a nonessential heavy metal, causing oxidative damage to various tissues and associated with hypertension. Tetrahydrocurcumin (THU), a major metabolite of curcumin, has been demonstrated to be an antioxidant, anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive and anti-inflammatory agent. In this study, we
Jelena Demenesku et al.
Toxicology, 326, 96-108 (2014-12-03)
Conflicting data (both suppression and augmentation as well as lack of the effect) exist in respect to cadmium (Cd) and splenic T cell-based immune cell activity. Spleen is also the site of innate immune responses but impact of Cd on
Shahrzad Zamani Taghizadeh Rabe et al.
Journal of immunotoxicology, 11(4), 367-375 (2014-03-01)
Rose Bengal (RB) has been used as a safe agent in clinical diagnosis. In addition, it is used as a photodynamic sensitizer for removing microorganisms and cancer cells. Recently, its preferential toxicity after direct exposure to cancer cells was proven.
Guilherme B Bubols et al.
Prenatal diagnosis, 34(13), 1268-1276 (2014-07-22)
Because we have previously demonstrated the relation between polyphenol-rich foods (PRF) consumption and ductus arteriosus constriction, in this work, pregnant sheep were submitted to oral PRF intake for 14 days to understand how this process occurs. Fetal Doppler echocardiography, oxidative and
S L Kirecci et al.
Andrologia, 46(10), 1169-1175 (2013-12-21)
The aim of this study was to determine the relevance of seminal plasma nitric oxide (NO) levels and the efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) treatment on premature ejaculation. A total of 16 men (aged 32.18 ± 3.32) with lifelong premature
Amit Kumar De et al.
Journal of microencapsulation, 31(8), 725-737 (2014-06-26)
Abstract Context: Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) exerts dose-dependent chemoprevention in colonic inflammation. Polycationic UDCA nanoparticles (UNPs) are envisaged for solubility enhancement and site directed drug delivery. The objective was to study the ameliorative efficacy of UNPs through localized delivery of the
Koyo Takimoto et al.
Journal of endodontics, 40(9), 1404-1409 (2014-08-26)
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 is a member of the MMP family that degrades the extracellular matrix. Application of MMP-3 to injured pulp tissue induces angiogenesis and wound healing, but its anti-inflammatory effects are still unclear. Here, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory functions
Rayhana Begum et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 53(3), 437-445 (2014-12-05)
Careya arborea Roxb. (Lecythidaceae) has multiple applications in traditional medicine; it exhibits analgesic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, and protective effects. However, the effect of C. arborea on biochemical and immmunological inflammatory mediators has not been explored. The present study investigates the
Dipy M Vasa et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(9), 2911-2923 (2014-05-16)
Fifteen model drugs were quenched from 3:1 (w/w) mixtures with polyethylene glycol 4000 (PEG4000). The resulting solids were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), analysis of pair distribution function-transformed PXRD data (where appropriate), hot-stage polarized light microscopy, and differential scanning
Su-Chen Ho et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 19(11), 17697-17714 (2014-11-05)
The anti-neuroinflammatory capacities of raw and steamed garlic extracts as well as five organosulfur compounds (OSCs) were examined in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV2 microglia. According to those results, steaming pretreatment blocked the formation of alliinase-catalyzed OSCs such as allicin and diallyl
Yan-Fang Xian et al.
Neurochemistry international, 76, 42-49 (2014-07-02)
Isorhynchophylline (IRN), an alkaloid isolated from Uncaria rhynchophylla, has been reported to improve cognitive impairment induced by beta-amyloid in rats. However, whether IRN could also ameliorate the D-galactose (D-gal)-induced mouse memory deficits is still not clear. In the present study
Mei-Lang Kung et al.
Nanoscale, 7(5), 1820-1829 (2014-12-19)
Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) are known to exhibit toxic effects on a variety of cell types and organs. To determine the oxidative impact of CuO NPs on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, well-differentiated (HepG2) and poorly differentiated (SK-Hep-1) cells were
Rajesh Parikh et al.
Drug delivery, 21(6), 406-411 (2013-11-13)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease with increasing incidence of drug resistance. Oral treatment for TB and multidrug resistance (MDR)-TB can have serious side effects. The causative agent of TB, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, resides in alveolar macrophages (AM). Pulmonary administration
Anand Babu et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 53(6), 838-848 (2014-11-29)
Curcumin exhibits a wide spectrum of biological activities which include neuroprotective, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activity. The present study evaluates the effect of curcumin in vincristine-induced neuropathy in a mice model. Vincristine sulfate (0.1 mg/kg, i.p. for 10 consecutive days)
Fabiano B Carvalho et al.
The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 26(4), 378-390 (2015-01-31)
The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of anthocyanins (ANT) on oxidative and inflammatory parameters, as well as ion pump activities, in the pons of rats experimentally demyelinated with ethidium bromide (EB). Rats were divided in
Graziele Freitas de Bem et al.
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 66(9), 1328-1338 (2014-04-15)
This study examined the effect of açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) seed extract (ASE) on cardiovascular and renal alterations in adult offspring, whose mothers were fed a low-protein (LP) diet during pregnancy. Four groups of rats were fed: control diet (20% protein);
S Wada et al.
Free radical research, 49(3), 269-278 (2014-12-17)
Overexpression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) by stromal fibroblasts plays a critical role in the early stage of carcinogenesis. COX-2 expression is thought to be positively or negatively regulated by inflammatory chemical mediators or tumor suppressors. In this study, the contributions
Wenjie Wang et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e111740-e111740 (2014-11-15)
How soil fungi function in soil carbon and nutrient cycling is not well understood by using fungal enzymatic differences and their interactions with soil colloids. Eight extracellular enzymes, EEAs (chitinase, carboxymethyl cellulase, β-glucosidase, protease, acid phosphatase, polyphenol oxidase, laccase, and
Hui Xuan Lim et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(11), 5453-5460 (2014-11-02)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are major immunosuppressive cells that lead to T cell defects in cancer. IL-18 is important in inflammatory and immune responses. IL-18 has been reported to have a dual effect on tumor progression, as it not only
Chignell, Colin F., et al.
Photochemistry and Photobiology, 34.2 , 147-156 (1981)
Ismail O Ishola et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 17(12), 1375-1382 (2014-08-19)
Unripe fruit of Annona muricata Linn. (Annonaceae) (soursop) is used in traditional African medicine for the treatment of neuralgia, rheumatism, and arthritic pain. This study sought to investigate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of lyophilized fruit extract of Annona muricata
Jelena Djokic et al.
Journal of immunotoxicology, 12(2), 115-123 (2014-05-16)
Although numerous investigations have demonstrated a direct effect of cadmium (Cd) on peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) activity in humans, there is virtually no data concerning the in vivo impact of this metal on circulatory mononuclear cells. In this study
Pradeepa Krishnappa et al.
BioMed research international, 2014, 507851-507851 (2014-07-06)
Delonix elata L. (Ceasalpinaceae), is widely used by the traditional medical practitioners of Karnataka, India, to cure jaundice, and bronchial and rheumatic problems. The objective of this study was to screen the in vitro antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of the
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