Showing 1-30 of 211 results for "17772"
Kara A Bresnahan et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 112(2), 162-169 (2014-04-09)
Provitamin A biofortification of staple crops may decrease the prevalence of vitamin A (VA) deficiency if widely adopted in target countries. To assess the impact of processing methods on the VA value of plant foods, the unique bioefficacies of cis-βC...
Farzana Ferdous et al.
Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH, 19(10), 1170-1176 (2014-07-22)
To determine and compare socio-demographic, nutritional and clinical characteristics of children under five with diarrhoea living in slums with those of children who do not live in slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh. From 1993 to 2012, a total of 28 948...
Indumathi Manoharan et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(8), 4203-4213 (2014-09-12)
Dendritic cells (DCs) sense microbes via multiple innate receptors. Signals from different innate receptors are coordinated and integrated by DCs to generate specific innate and adaptive immune responses against pathogens. Previously, we have shown that two pathogen recognition receptors, TLR2...
Lin Chen et al.
American journal of ophthalmology, 157(5), 1103-1108 (2014-02-12)
To detect risk factors that may be related to chalazia in children in southwest China. Prospective case-control study. The case group, 88 children with chalazia, was divided into 2 subgroups. One had 48 children 6 months to 6 years of age...
Lucie Aumailley et al.
Experimental gerontology, 72, 192-203 (2015-11-03)
Werner syndrome (WS) is a premature aging disorder caused by mutations in a DNA helicase/exonuclease. Mice lacking the helicase domain of this protein exhibit metabolic abnormalities that are reversed by vitamin C. In this study, we used a targeted metabolomic...
Maha Ben Mustapha et al.
Food chemistry, 154, 230-237 (2014-02-13)
Hygienic quality of Tunisian pearl millet flour is always of major concern to consumers as well as all involved in the production, processing and distribution sectors. In the present study, the microbiological and biochemical properties of this food were examined...
Nipa Rojroongwasinkul et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 110 Suppl 3, S36-S44 (2013-09-18)
In the present study, we investigated nutritional status and health-related factors in a multistage cluster sample of 3119 Thai urban and rural children aged 0·5-12·9 years. In a subsample, blood samples were collected for the measurement of Hb, transferrin receptor...
Adrienne McMahon et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 96(5), 1073-1081 (2013-11-29)
This HPLC method, with both variable UV and fluorescence detection, allows for the simultaneous determination of vitamin A palmitate, vitamin A acetate, and total vitamin E in infant, pediatric, and adult nutritional formulas. The concentration of each vitamin form is...
Grace M Egeland et al.
Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique, 95(6), 465-469 (2004-12-30)
Inuit traditional food provides ample amounts of preformed vitamin A. However, the dietary transition away from traditional food raises concerns regarding dietary adequacy. Vitamin A is an essential nutrient with inadequate and excessive exposures having adverse effects. To evaluate total...
Emily K Heying et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 143(7), 1141-1146 (2013-05-31)
The relationship of dietary vitamin A transfer from mother to fetus is not well understood. The difference in swine offspring liver reserves was investigated between single-dose vitamin A provided to the mother post-conception compared with continuous provitamin A carotenoid dietary...
Malay Rana et al.
Journal of clinical pathology, 67(7), 605-608 (2014-04-09)
Determine the prevalence of fat-soluble vitamin deficiency in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) aged ≤18 years in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, from 2007 to 2010. A retrospective analysis of fat-soluble vitamin levels in children aged ≤18 years who lived in NSW...
Marie Vaugoyeau et al.
The Journal of experimental biology, 218(Pt 13), 2106-2115 (2015-05-13)
In the context of sexual and natural selection, an allocation trade-off for carotenoid pigments may exist because of their obligate dietary origin and their role both in the antioxidant and immune systems and in the production of coloured signals in...
Peter Patlevic et al.
Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences, 68(3-4), 155-163 (2013-07-04)
The metabolic form of vitamin A, retinol, has a pivotal role in the nervous system development and neuronal differentiation, both during embryogenesis through maternal-fetal support and in the early postnatal life. Retinoic acid was administered orally at a dose of...
Brunhild M Halm et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 547, 37-43 (2014-03-04)
Low dose X-irradiation (IR) from computer tomography (CT) can generate free radicals, which can damage biologically relevant molecules and ultimately lead to cancer. These effects are especially concerning for children owing to their higher radiosensitivity and longer life expectancy than...
George Wolf
Nutrition reviews, 65(8 Pt 1), 385-388 (2007-09-18)
Retinol-binding protein (RBP) is the transport protein that carries retinol in the circulation from the liver to its target tissues. The existence of a cell-surface receptor on the target cells, which mediates the uptake of retinol from RBP, has been...
Huili Sun et al.
Nanoscale, 11(38), 17759-17772 (2019-09-26)
In the war against cancer, tremendous efforts have been made by using a nanoparticle-based anticancer drug system. However, it is still a great challenge to achieve complete cure and eradication of cancer through chemotherapy. Here, we present a new multifunctional...
Napaporn Riabroy et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 144(8), 1188-1195 (2014-06-20)
α-Retinol has utility in determining chylomicron trafficking of vitamin A to tissues given that it will not be recirculated in blood on retinol binding protein (RBP). In this study, α-retinol was used as a chylomicron tag to investigate short-term uptake...
R Yasmeen et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1833(12), 3218-3227 (2013-10-02)
The deregulation of B cell differentiation has been shown to contribute to autoimmune disorders, hematological cancers, and aging. We provide evidence that the retinoic acid-producing enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase 1a1 (Aldh1a1) is an oncogene suppressor in specific splenic IgG1(+)/CD19(-) and IgG1(+)/CD19(+)...
Joe Swift et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6149), 1240104-1240104 (2013-08-31)
Tissues can be soft like fat, which bears little stress, or stiff like bone, which sustains high stress, but whether there is a systematic relationship between tissue mechanics and differentiation is unknown. Here, proteomics analyses revealed that levels of the...
Frank T Wieringa et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 77(3), 651-657 (2003-02-26)
Deficiencies of iron and vitamin A are prevalent worldwide. Single-micronutrient supplementation is widely used to combat these deficiencies. However, micronutrient deficiencies often occur concurrently, and there are many interactions between micronutrients. This study investigated interactions among 3 important micronutrients--iron, vitamin...
Siwaporn Pinkaew et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 144(4), 519-524 (2014-02-07)
Vitamin A (VA)-fortified rice is a potential intervention strategy to prevent VA deficiency in at-risk populations. Hot-extruded, triple-fortified rice grains with added VA, zinc, and iron were produced by hot extrusion technology and their ability to improve VA status was...
Jeanine M Genkinger et al.
Environmental research, 140, 136-144 (2015-04-12)
Prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure has been shown to increase DNA adduct levels and to affect neurodevelopment. Micronutrients may modify the adverse effect of PAH on neurodevelopment. Thus, we examined if micronutrient concentrations modified the association between PAH exposure...
Shaimaa Selim et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0125968-e0125968 (2015-05-06)
Obesity and insulin resistance have been shown to be risk factors for laminitis in horses. The objective of the study was to determine the effect of changes in body condition during the grazing season on insulin resistance and the expression...
Ramon A C van Huet et al.
Molecular vision, 21, 461-476 (2015-05-23)
To determine the efficacy of multiple versions of a commercially available arrayed primer extension (APEX) microarray chip for autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP). We included 250 probands suspected of arRP who were genetically analyzed with the APEX microarray between January...
Nathan Bushue et al.
Advanced drug delivery reviews, 62(13), 1285-1298 (2010-07-27)
The retinoids are a class of compounds that are structurally related to vitamin A. Retinoic acid, which is the active metabolite of retinol, regulates a wide range of biological processes including development, differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. Retinoids exert their effects...
Kathleen E Sullivan et al.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, 45(4), 892-895 (2015-01-31)
Recent issues surrounding captive amphibians are often nutritionally related problems, such as hypovitaminosis A. Although supplementation of frogs with vitamin A is a topic of investigation, the underlying issue is understanding vitamin A metabolism in amphibian species. To develop a...
Liheng Shi et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1853(5), 1154-1164 (2015-02-24)
We previously identified peptide Lv, a novel bioactive peptide that enhances the activity of L-type voltage-gated calcium channels (L-VGCCs) in cone photoreceptors. In this study, we verified that peptide Lv was able to augment L-VGCC currents in cardiomyocytes, as well...
D S Raj et al.
Blood purification, 18(2), 97-102 (2000-06-06)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of nocturnal hemodialysis (NHD) on serum amino acid (AA) profile. In a cross-over trial, we studied the AA profile in 11 patients who were switched from conventional hemodialysis to NHD....
Samridhi Sharma et al.
Proteomics, 15(2-3), 394-407 (2014-11-22)
Meningiomas (MGs) are frequent tumors of the CNS originating from the meningeal layers of the spinal cord and the brain. In this study, comparative tissue proteomic analysis of low and high grades of MGs was performed by using iTRAQ-based quantitative...
Sherry A Tanumihardjo
Journal of clinical densitometry : the official journal of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry, 16(4), 414-419 (2013-11-05)
The role of vitamin A status as it relates to bone health is historical yet controversial. Population-based studies have linked high dietary intake of preformed vitamin A, which is obtained from animal-source foods, fortified foods, and some supplements, to greater...

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