Showing 1-26 of 26 results for "202649"
[Report on analysis of lung biopsy of pneumoconiosis exposed to antimony trioxide].
Xiao-ping Li et al.
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases, 26(4), 237-238 (2008-08-30)
Xiupei Yang et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 164(1), 367-373 (2008-09-19)
In this work, a novel electrode of titanium substrate coated with mixed metal oxides of SnO(2), Sb(2)O(3), Nb(2)O(5) and PbO(2) was successfully prepared using thermal decomposition and electrodeposition. The surface morphology and the structure of the prepared thin film were...
Y Zhong et al.
Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu, 20(2), 232-236 (2003-09-05)
An ICP-AES method was established for the simultaneous determination of Hg and As in crude antimony trioxide. The samples with different grades were digested in hydrochloric acid-tartraic acid-potassium chloride using microwave process system. The method is applied to analyze crude...
Wook Jo et al.
Acta crystallographica. Section A, Foundations of crystallography, 63(Pt 3), 229-233 (2007-04-17)
The composition planes of the inversion boundary induced by the addition of Sb2O3 to ZnO ceramics were analyzed crystallographically by the application of electron back-scattered diffraction (EBSD) analysis and stereographic projection techniques. The inversion boundary was determined to consist of...
R O Jenkins et al.
Human & experimental toxicology, 17(4), 231-238 (1998-06-09)
1. The aerobic filamentous fungus S. brevicaulis IMI 17297 methylated antimony from Sb2O3 substrate, with the formation of gaseous trimethylantimony (TMA). No evidence was found for the generation of other gaseous antimony compounds by this organism. 2. Biovolatilization of inorganic...
W J Hall et al.
Environmental technology, 28(9), 1045-1054 (2007-10-04)
This work has investigated the effect that antimony trioxide has on the pyrolysis of styrenic polymers and the effect that different types of brominated flame retardants used in plastics have on the composition of the pyrolysis products. Brominated high impact...
Shyam Sundar et al.
International journal of environmental research and public health, 7(12), 4267-4277 (2011-02-15)
Antimony toxicity occurs either due to occupational exposure or during therapy. Occupational exposure may cause respiratory irritation, pneumoconiosis, antimony spots on the skin and gastrointestinal symptoms. In addition antimony trioxide is possibly carcinogenic to humans. Improvements in working conditions have...
Ivo Iavicoli et al.
Journal of trace elements in medicine and biology : organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS), 16(1), 33-39 (2002-03-07)
Antimony trioxide (Sb2O3) is used as a flame retardant in the textile industry. We carried out a study in a factory for the evaluation of antimony (Sb) occupational exposure and urinary levels in workers exposed to Sb2O3. Urinary levels and...
P M Hext et al.
Journal of applied toxicology : JAT, 19(3), 205-209 (1999-06-11)
Diets containing antimony trioxide were fed to male and female Wistar rats of the Alpk:APSD strain over 90 days. Dose levels were 0 (control), 1000, 5000 and 20,000 ppm (equivalent to mean daily doses of 84, 421 and 1686 mg...
Anal K Jha et al.
Biotechnology journal, 4(11), 1582-1585 (2009-10-22)
A low-cost green and reproducible microbe (Lactobacillus sp.)-mediated biosynthesis of Sb(2)O(3) nanoparticles is reported. The synthesis was performed at around room temperature. X-ray and transmission electron microscopy analyses were performed to ascertain the formation of Sb(2)O(3) nanoparticles. X-ray analysis indicated...
Delia Cavallo et al.
Environmental and molecular mutagenesis, 40(3), 184-189 (2002-10-02)
The growing use of antimony (Sb) compounds in industry and the consequent increase in the number of exposed workers make it important to carry out a health risk assessment. The main goal of this study was to assess the genotoxicity...
G P White et al.
Journal of occupational medicine. : official publication of the Industrial Medical Association, 35(4), 392-395 (1993-04-01)
An employee at a brazing rod manufacturing plant developed a generalized eruption of follicular papules and pustules. His job tasks included breaking up antimony ingots and melting the pieces in a crucible; he was exposed to antimony metal dust and...
David Kirkland et al.
Mutation research, 627(2), 119-128 (2006-12-19)
Antimony trioxide (Sb2O3, CAS 1309-64-4) is widely used as a flame retardant synergist in a number of household products, as a fining agent in glass manufacture, and as a catalyst in the manufacture of various types of polyester plastics. It...
Koen Oorts et al.
Environmental science & technology, 42(12), 4378-4383 (2008-07-09)
Antimony trioxide (Sb2O3) is a widely used chemical that can be emitted to soil. The fate and toxicity of this poorly soluble compound in soil is insufficiently known. A silt-loam soil (pH 7.0, background 0.005 mmol Sb kg(-1)) was amended...
Nona Merry M Mitan et al.
Chemosphere, 72(7), 1073-1079 (2008-05-24)
The controlled pyrolysis of polyethylene/polypropylene/polystyrene mixed with brominated high-impact polystyrene containing decabromodiphenyl ether as a brominated flame-retardant with antimony trioxide as a synergist was performed. The effect of decabromodiphenyl ether and antimony trioxide on the formation of its congeners and...
Der-Ren Hwang et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 49(10), 4197-4202 (2005-09-29)
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a worldwide health problem causing serious complications, such as liver cirrhosis and hepatoma. Alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) or its polyethylene glycol-modified form combined with ribavirin is the only recommended therapy. However, an alternative therapy...
P E Newton et al.
Fundamental and applied toxicology : official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 22(4), 561-576 (1994-05-01)
Fischer 344 rats were exposed by inhalation to Sb2O3 (antimony trioxide) dust at exposure levels of 0, 0.25, 1.08, 4.92, and 23.46 mg/m3 for 6 hr/day, 5 days/week for 13 weeks followed by a 27-week observation period. Subsequently, an inhalation...
Lisa Bregoli et al.
Toxicology, 262(2), 121-129 (2009-06-02)
Nanoparticles (NPs) are materials with one dimension in the range of 1-100 nm. The toxicity of NPs remains widely unknown and still poses concerns, due to the peculiar characteristics of materials in the nano-size range. We analyze the toxicity of...
B M Elliott et al.
Mutation research, 415(1-2), 109-117 (1998-08-26)
Antimony trioxide (Sb2O3, CAS 1309-64-4) has been examined in a range of in vitro and in vivo genotoxicity assays. Negative results were obtained with the Salmonella/microsome assay and the L5178Y mutation assay, but a positive response was observed in the...
Koren K Mann et al.
Toxicology letters, 160(2), 158-170 (2005-08-23)
Very little is known concerning the toxicity of antimony, despite its commercial use as a flame retardant and medical use as a treatment for parasitic infections. Our previous studies show that antimony trioxide (Sb(2)O(3)) induces growth inhibition in patient-derived acute...
Brazdil, J.F. et al.
Chemistry of Materials, 10, 4100-4100 (1998)
M Kentner et al.
International archives of occupational and environmental health, 67(2), 119-123 (1995-01-01)
In the production of lead batteries two antimony compounds occur: in the casting of grids antimony trioxide (Sb2O3), and in the formation of lead plates stibine (SbH3). Seven workers from the grid-casting area and 14 workers from the formation area...
P N Gates et al.
The Science of the total environment, 205(2-3), 215-221 (1997-12-31)
No evidence could be found for the production, in culture, of methylated antimony compounds from water-insoluble or soluble antimony derivatives by the aerobes, Scopulariopsis brevicaulis or Bacillus sp. or by anaerobes associated with cot mattress materials. The study does not...
Susan Lösler et al.
Annals of hematology, 88(11), 1047-1058 (2009-03-21)
During the last years remission rates of more than 72% for arsenic(III)-oxide (As(2)O(3)) treatment in relapsed or refractory acute promyelocytic leukemia have been published. As(2)O(3) is under clinical investigation for therapy of leukemia and solid tumors. Due to the chemical...
N Gurnani et al.
Biological trace element research, 37(2-3), 281-292 (1993-05-01)
Comparison of the clastogenic effects of antimony and bismuth used as trioxides, when administered orally by gavaging to laboratory bred male mice, showed that the former was more strongly clastogenic than the latter. Three doses of each chemical (400, 666.67...
Akihiro Kobayashi et al.
The Journal of toxicological sciences, 34(3), 295-303 (2009-06-02)
Recently, tellurium (Te), antimony (Sb) and germanium (Ge) have been used as an alloy in phase-change optical magnetic disks, such as digital versatile disk-random access memory (DVD-RAM) and DVD-recordable disk (DVD-RW). Although these metalloids, the so-called "exotic" elements, are known...

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