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Douglas R Miller et al.
PloS one, 14(9), e0222957-e0222957 (2019-09-20)
The ventral midbrain supports a variety of functions through the heterogeneity of neurons. Dopaminergic and GABA neurons within this region are particularly susceptible targets of amphetamine-class psychostimulants such as methamphetamine. While this has been evidenced through single-neuron methods, it remains
Jochem N A Vink et al.
Molecular cell, 77(1), 39-50 (2019-11-19)
CRISPR-Cas systems encode RNA-guided surveillance complexes to find and cleave invading DNA elements. While it is thought that invaders are neutralized minutes after cell entry, the mechanism and kinetics of target search and its impact on CRISPR protection levels have
Jayne Aiken et al.
Human molecular genetics, 28(8), 1227-1243 (2018-12-06)
The microtubule cytoskeleton supports diverse cellular morphogenesis and migration processes during brain development. Mutations in tubulin genes are associated with severe human brain malformations known as 'tubulinopathies'; however, it is not understood how molecular-level changes in microtubule subunits lead to
Guangfu Wang et al.
Nature protocols, 10(3), 397-412 (2015-02-06)
Deciphering neuronal circuitry is central to understanding brain function and dysfunction, yet it remains a daunting task. To facilitate the dissection of neuronal circuits, a process requiring functional analysis of synaptic connections and morphological identification of interconnected neurons, we present
Marta Kandziora-Ciupa et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(7), 4920-4932 (2013-01-16)
The purpose of this study was to explore a possible relationship between the availability of metals in soil (Cd, Fe, Mn, Pb and Zn) and their concentrations in leaves of Vaccinium myrtillus L. as a species which has been reported
Leyu Cui et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(22), 11055-11061 (2014-11-05)
The methylene blue (MB) two-phase titration method is a rapid and efficient method for determining the concentrations of anionic surfactants. The point at which the aqueous and chloroform phases appear equally blue is called Epton's end point. However, many inorganic
Jihwan Lee et al.
Science advances, 6(43) (2020-10-25)
Unraveling the genetic and epigenetic determinants of phenotypes is critical for understanding and re-engineering biology and would benefit from improved methods to separate cells based on phenotypes. Here, we report SPOTlight, a versatile high-throughput technique to isolate individual yeast or
Ashwati Raghunath
BMJ case reports, 2013, doi:10-doi:10 (2013-01-04)
The patient is a 52-year-old man with schizophrenia who developed severe, unremitting gingival pain after his ziprasidone dosage was increased from 80 to 120 mg. His physical examination and laboratory findings were unremarkable. He did not have any extra-pyramidal side
A mild, enantioselective synthesis of (R)-salmeterol via sodium borohydride-calcium chloride asymmetric reduction of a phenacyl phenylglycinol derivative
Bream RN, et al.
Journal of the Chemical Society. Perkin Transactions 1, 20, 2237-2242 (2002)
George Pasparakis et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 323(1-2), 34-42 (2006-07-11)
The aim of the present work was to investigate the swelling behavior and the in vitro release of the antihypertensive drug verapamil hydrochloride from calcium alginate and chitosan treated calcium alginate beads. Calcium-alginate beads, chitosan-coated alginate beads and alginate-chitosan mixed
Abeer Dagra et al.
NPJ Parkinson's disease, 7(1), 76-76 (2021-08-20)
Pathophysiological damages and loss of function of dopamine neurons precede their demise and contribute to the early phases of Parkinson's disease. The presence of aberrant intracellular pathological inclusions of the protein α-synuclein within ventral midbrain dopaminergic neurons is one of
Siavash Fazel Darbandi et al.
Cell reports, 31(2), 107495-107495 (2020-04-16)
Tbr1 is a high-confidence autism spectrum disorder (ASD) gene encoding a transcription factor with distinct pre- and postnatal functions. Postnatally, Tbr1 conditional knockout (CKO) mutants and constitutive heterozygotes have immature dendritic spines and reduced synaptic density. Tbr1 regulates expression of
Jason R Klug et al.
eLife, 7 (2018-05-02)
Striatal cholinergic (ChAT) and parvalbumin (PV) interneurons exert powerful influences on striatal function in health and disease, yet little is known about the organization of their inputs. Here using rabies tracing, electrophysiology and genetic tools, we compare the whole-brain inputs
Sung-Ho Paek et al.
The Analyst, 139(15), 3781-3789 (2014-06-10)
A label-free immunosensing method based on the conformational change of calcium-binding protein (CBP) depending on analyte concentration was explored for semi-continuous analysis of free Ca(2+). Glucose-galactose-binding protein as a CBP and produced as a recombinant protein by Escherichia coli was
Janani Swaminathan et al.
Journal of liposome research, 24(4), 297-303 (2014-04-09)
The intent of this work was to assess the impact of lyophilization on the encapsulation of salmon calcitonin (sCT) into liposomes. Four different liposomal formulations were investigated, i.e. DPPC:Chol:DSPE-PEG(2000) (75:20:5 and 65:30:5) and DPPC:Chol (80:20 and 66.7:33.3). Lipid films were
Jiyoung Jung et al.
Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces, 104, 116-121 (2013-01-10)
The physical and chemical properties of commercial low methoxyl citrus pectins, CP 28 and CP 55, and a pectinmethylesterase (PME) charge modified citrus pectin (MP 38) were compared, and the differences in ability to encapsulate indomethacin in hydrogel beads was
Robert A Kaiser et al.
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (141) (2018-11-20)
Gene therapy is an ideal choice to cure many inborn errors of metabolism of the liver. Ex-vivo, lentiviral vectors have been used successfully in the treatment of many hematopoietic diseases in humans, as their use offers stable transgene expression due
X Wang et al.
European cells & materials, 32, 271-283 (2016-12-03)
Here we show that inorganic polyphosphate (polyP), a polyanionic metabolic regulator consisting of multiple phosphate residues linked by energy-rich phosphoanhydride bonds, is present in the synovial fluid. In a biomimetic approach, to enhance cartilage synthesis and regeneration, we prepared amorphous
O G Afanasieva et al.
Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine, 154(2), 224-227 (2013-01-19)
We studied the effect of a composition of major and trace elements including calcium chloride, sodium chloride, iron (II) sulfate, zinc sulfate, chromium (III) chloride, and potassium bromide on orientation and exploratory behavior and conditioned response of animals in the
Tzu-Chieh Tang et al.
Nature chemical biology, 17(6), 724-731 (2021-04-07)
Genetically modified microorganisms (GMMs) can enable a wide range of important applications including environmental sensing and responsive engineered living materials. However, containment of GMMs to prevent environmental escape and satisfy regulatory requirements is a bottleneck for real-world use. While current
Harshavardhan V Pawar et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(6), 1720-1733 (2014-04-05)
Wafers combining weight ratios of Polyox with carrageenan (75/25) or sodium alginate (50/50) containing streptomycin and diclofenac were prepared to improve chronic wound healing. Gels were freeze-dried using a lyophilisation cycle incorporating an annealing step. Wafers were characterised for morphology
Werner E G Müller et al.
Polymers, 9(7) (2017-07-22)
The effect of polyphosphate (polyP) microparticles on wound healing was tested both in vitro and in a mice model in vivo. Two approaches were used: pure salts of polyphosphate, fabricated as amorphous microparticles (MPs, consisting of calcium and magnesium salts
Xiaohong Wang et al.
Marine drugs, 15(5) (2017-05-18)
We describe a novel regeneratively-active barrier membrane which consists of a durable electrospun poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) net covered with a morphogenetically-active biohybrid material composed of collagen and inorganic polyphosphate (polyP). The patch-like fibrous collagen structures are decorated with small amorphous polyP
Peilan Zhou et al.
European journal of pharmacology, 703(1-3), 83-90 (2013-02-19)
Opioid dependence is a serious worldwide health problem. Buprenorphine was used as an alternative to methadone for the treatment of opioid dependence, especially for pregnant women. Thienorphine was a partial opioid agonist with long-lasting antinociceptive effect and high oral bioavailability
Nuno-Valério Silva et al.
Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 9, 674749-674749 (2021-06-22)
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) with chronic infiltration of immune cells in the gastrointestinal tract are common and largely incurable. The therapeutic targeting of IBD has been hampered by the complex causality of the disease, with environmental insults like cholesterol-enriched Western
Richard D Collage et al.
Critical care medicine, 41(11), e352-e360 (2013-07-28)
Calcium plays an essential role in nearly all cellular processes. As such, cellular and systemic calcium concentrations are tightly regulated. During sepsis, derangements in such tight regulation frequently occur, and treating hypocalcemia with parenteral calcium administration remains the current practice
Hoda E Mohamed et al.
Blood research, 55(1), 35-43 (2020-04-10)
Fetal bovine serum (FBS) has been used to support the growth and proliferation of mammalian cells for decades. Owing to several risk factors associated with FBS, several trials have been conducted to evaluate substitutes to FBS with the same efficiency
Kenneth Lim et al.
Circulation, 125(18), 2243-2255 (2012-04-12)
Klotho is known to function as a cofactor for the phosphatonin, fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23 at the kidney. FGF-23 levels rise in chronic kidney disease (CKD) despite progression of accelerated vascular calcification. There are currently conflicting data on whether FGF-23
I-Cheng Chen et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(6), 3575-3583 (2015-02-20)
The contamination of the environment with traditional therapeutics due to metabolic excretion, improper disposal, and industrial waste has been well-recognized. However, knowledge of the environmental distribution and fate of emerging classes of nanomedicine is scarce. This work investigates the effect
Dario Maschi et al.
eLife, 7 (2018-10-16)
Synaptic vesicle fusion occurs at specialized release sites at the active zone. How refilling of release sites with new vesicles is regulated in central synapses remains poorly understood. Using nanoscale-resolution detection of individual release events in rat hippocampal synapses we
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