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K A Winship
Adverse drug reactions and acute poisoning reviews, 7(1), 19-38 (1988-01-01)
Inorganic tin salts are poorly absorbed and rapidly excreted in the faeces; as a result they have a low toxicity. Only about 5 per cent is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, widely distributed in the body, then excreted by the
Beatrice Bocca et al.
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita, 41(2), 197-203 (2005-10-26)
The haematic concentration of 26 metals and the oxidative damage in 60 patients (20 males and 40 females) affected by Alzheimer's disease and 44 healthy individuals (33 males and 11 females) were compared. In patients, the following significant (p <
The newer essential trace elements, chromium, tin, nickel, vanadium and silicon.
W Mertz
The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 33(3), 307-313 (1974-12-01)
[Tin in the environment].
Iu P Popov et al.
Gigiena i sanitariia, (9)(9), 55-57 (1983-09-01)
L F Vieira Ferreira et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 104, 437-444 (2013-01-02)
Two sherds representative of the Portuguese faience production of the first and second halves of the 17th century were studied carefully with the use of non-invasive spectroscopies, namely: Ground State Diffuse Reflectance Absorption (GSDR), micro-Raman, Fourier-Transform Infrared (FT-IR), Laser Induced
Aluminum and tin.
J L Greger
World review of nutrition and dietetics, 54, 255-285 (1987-01-01)
D B Shpakovsky et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 41(48), 14568-14582 (2012-10-12)
Four new organotin(IV) complexes of bis-(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol)tin(IV) dichloride [(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)SnCl(2) (1) with the heterocyclic thioamides 2-mercapto-pyrimidine (PMTH), 2-mercapto-4-methyl-pyrimidine (MPMTH), 2-mercapto-pyridine (PYTH) and 2-mercapto-benzothiazole (MBZTH), of formulae {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)Sn(PMT)(2)} (2), {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)Sn(MPMT)(2)} (3), {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)SnCl(PYT)} (4) and {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)SnCl(MBZT)} (5), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental
Ritambhara Sharma et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 42(16), 5627-5630 (2013-03-20)
Our successful synthesis of the first examples of Sn(IV) complexes of meso-aryl dipyrrins is reported. Sn(IV) dipyrrins are synthesized by treating meso-aryl dipyrrins with readily available SnCl2·2H2O in pyridine at reflux temperature and isolated as pure complexes by recrystallization. The
Tatsuya Kawai et al.
Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987), 54(8), 954-960 (2013-04-25)
The effects of a tin filter on virtual non-enhanced (VNE) images created by dual-energy CT have not been well evaluated. To compare the accuracy of VNE images between those with and without a tin filter. Two different types of columnar
C E Shaw et al.
Journal of neurology, 242(2), 53-58 (1995-01-01)
Magnetic resonance imaging of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients often shows active inflammatory lesions despite clinical remission. No immunological marker of disease activity has been identified in these patients. Concentrations of neopterin, interleukin-2 (IL-2), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) and tumour necrosis
S Engelborghs et al.
Neurochemical research, 28(8), 1145-1150 (2003-07-02)
To study changes in amino acid metabolism and biogenic amines in Parkinson's disease, we set up a prospective study and measured biogenic amines, their main metabolites, and 22 different amino acids, in cerebrospinal fluid of Parkinson's disease patients (n =
Edwin A Schauble
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(44), 17714-17719 (2013-05-08)
Mass-independent isotope fractionations driven by differences in volumes and shapes of nuclei (the field shift effect) are known in several elements and are likely to be found in more. All-electron relativistic electronic structure calculations can predict this effect but at
P A LeWitt et al.
Neurology, 42(11), 2111-2117 (1992-11-01)
We used two analytic methods (a multichannel coulometric electrode array with high-performance liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry) to measure CSF dopamine (DA) and its metabolites in mildly affected, unmedicated subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD). The mean (+/- SD) concentration
Olga G Tsay et al.
Inorganic chemistry, 52(4), 1991-1999 (2013-02-05)
Various R/Ar-functionalized tin 5,10,15-tris(pentafluorophenyl)corrolate derivatives are reported herein including the first ferrocenyltin corrolate species. The isopropyl, sec-butyl-, 2-methyl-n-butyl-, phenyl-, 2-thienyl-, and ferrocenyltin species have been prepared and characterized through (1)H, (13)C, and (119)Sn HMQC NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, UV-vis and
Y Miura
The Kurume medical journal, 47(4), 267-272 (2001-02-24)
Plasma beta-phenylethylamine (PEA) levels were determined in 27 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) in order to evaluate its relation with the severity or clinical course of PD. The plasma PEA concentrations in PD patients were significantly lower (mean +/- SD
G Vaidyanathan et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 20(24), 6929-6939 (2012-11-20)
A major drawback of internalizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) radioiodinated with direct electrophilic approaches is that tumor retention of radioactivity is compromised by the rapid washout of iodo-tyrosine, the primary labeled catabolite for mAbs labeled via this strategy. In our continuing
K J Bär et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 24(2), 333-338 (2002-12-25)
Increasing evidence suggests an interaction of oxidative stress and the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) in the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. We studied levels of pentosidine and N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of
V Calabrese et al.
Neurochemical research, 28(9), 1321-1328 (2003-08-27)
Recent studies suggest that NO and its reactive derivative peroxynitrite are implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Patients dying with MS demonstrate increased astrocytic inducible nitric oxide synthase activity, as well as increased levels of iNOS mRNA. Peroxynitrite
Bernard L Jones et al.
Physics in medicine and biology, 57(23), N457-N467 (2012-11-09)
This report presents the first experimental demonstration, to our knowledge, of benchtop polychromatic cone-beam x-ray fluorescence computed tomography (XFCT) for a simultaneous determination of the spatial distribution and amount of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) within small-animal-sized objects. The current benchtop experimental
Yamamoto, Y.; Asao, N.
Chemical Reviews, 93, 2207-2207 (1993)
Applications of tin-containing intermediates to carbohydrate chemistry.
T B Grindley
Advances in carbohydrate chemistry and biochemistry, 53, 17-142 (1998-08-26)
L Nagy et al.
Acta pharmaceutica Hungarica, 70(2), 53-71 (2001-02-24)
The occurrence of tin in plants, animals and humans is discussed, in relation to its abundance in the lithosphere and hydrosphere and the range of the different tin(II) and tin(IV) complexes formed. A reasoned consideration of its essentiality for living
G Toncev et al.
European journal of neurology, 9(3), 221-226 (2002-05-03)
Several findings suggest lower levels of serum uric acid in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The aim of this study is to investigate relationships of uric acid serum levels in relapse-remitting (RR) MS patients with clinical activity of disease and blood-brain
Andiara E Freitas et al.
Molecular neurobiology, 51(3), 1504-1519 (2014-08-03)
Hyperactivation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is a common finding in major depression; this may lead to increased levels of cortisol, which are known to cause oxidative stress imbalance and apoptotic neuronal cell death, particularly in the hippocampus, a key region
Shiyou Chen et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 25(11), 1522-1539 (2013-02-13)
The kesterite-structured semiconductors Cu2ZnSnS4 and Cu2ZnSnSe4 are drawing considerable attention recently as the active layers in earth-abundant low-cost thin-film solar cells. The additional number of elements in these quaternary compounds, relative to binary and ternary semiconductors, results in increased flexibility
Y Arakawa
Sangyo eiseigaku zasshi = Journal of occupational health, 39(1), 1-20 (1997-01-01)
Tin generates a wide variety of biological activities deriving from its chemical character. In this article, the biological activities of tin compounds are reviewed with a focus on the connection with immunity. The table of contents is as follows: Introduction
Julia Villanueva-Alonso et al.
Talanta, 100, 45-50 (2012-11-13)
This study evaluated the main parameters affecting Ag, Au, Cd, Cu, Ni, Sn and Zn vapor generation using a lab-made concomitant metal analyzer (CMA) as a reaction chamber and gas-liquid separator. The modifier used in the reaction media was 8-hydroxyquinoline
Changbum Lee et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(5), 3346-3349 (2013-07-19)
A new metal-strip-casting process called continuous strip-casting (CSC) has been developed for making thin metal strips. A numerical simulation model to help understand solid-liquid interface behavior during CSC has been developed and used to identify the solidification morphologies of the
Zhong-Zhen Luo et al.
Inorganic chemistry, 52(1), 273-279 (2012-12-22)
Three new ternary Ba-Sn-S system compounds, acentric Ba(7)Sn(5)S(15), centric BaSn(2)S(5), and centric Ba(6)Sn(7)S(20) have been designed and synthesized by a conventional high-temperature solid-state reaction method using the evacuated silica tubes. The crystal structure of Ba(7)Sn(5)S(15) shows the coexistence of a
Inorganic tin: chemistry, disposition and role in nuclear medicine diagnostic skeletal imaging agents.
M D Francis et al.
International journal of nuclear medicine and biology, 8(2-3), 145-152 (1981-01-01)
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