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A Gallardo et al.
Journal of medical entomology, 49(2), 332-335 (2012-04-13)
The major components of geranium (Geranium maculatum L.) oil and their mixtures were tested against female Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae). Chemical analysis by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry revealed four major constituents: citronellol (38%), geraniol (16%)
Gavin L Sacks et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 60(12), 2998-3004 (2012-03-09)
1,1,6-Trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene (TDN) is well-known to contribute "petrol" aromas to aged Riesling wines, but its prevalence and contribution to young Riesling or non-Riesling wines is not well understood. TDN concentrations were measured in 1-3-year-old varietal wines produced from Cabernet franc (n
Ramasamy S Annadurai et al.
BMC genomics, 13, 663-663 (2012-11-28)
Phyto-remedies for diabetic control are popular among patients with Type II Diabetes mellitus (DM), in addition to other diabetic control measures. A number of plant species are known to possess diabetic control properties. Costus pictus D. Don is popularly known
Frauke Lüddeke et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 78(7), 2128-2136 (2012-01-31)
Castellaniella defragrans is a Betaproteobacterium capable of coupling the oxidation of monoterpenes with denitrification. Geraniol dehydrogenase (GeDH) activity was induced during growth with limonene in comparison to growth with acetate. The N-terminal sequence of the purified enzyme directed the cloning
Karamkolly R Rekha et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 217, 57-66 (2014-04-29)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common disabling movement disorder owing to progressive depletion of dopamine in nigrostriatal region, and can be experimentally accelerated by the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). MPTP-treated mice are a representative animal model for searching
Yukihiro Yamamoto et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 18(14), 4044-4046 (2008-06-17)
In order to prepare functional phospholipids in the medical and pharmaceutical fields, perillyl alcohol, myrtenol, and nerol were transphosphatidylated via phospholipase D in an aqueous system. The yields of phosphatidyl-perillyl alcohol, -myrtenol, and -nerol were 79 mol %, 87 mol
Bertrand Fouks et al.
The Journal of experimental biology, 216(Pt 2), 285-291 (2012-10-06)
Foraging is a result of innate and acquired mechanisms, and is optimized in order to increase fitness. During foraging, an animal faces many threats, such as predation and infection. The uptake of parasites and diseases while foraging is common and
San Zeng et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(8), 2548-2558 (2015-02-13)
Citral is composed of a random mixture of two geometric stereoisomers geranial (trans-citral) and neral (cis-citral) yet few studies have directly compared their in vivo antitumor properties. A micelle formulation was therefore developed. Geranial and neral were synthesized. Commercially-purchased citral
Damien Steyer et al.
Food microbiology, 33(2), 228-234 (2012-12-04)
Geraniol produced by grape is the main precursor of terpenols which play a key role in the floral aroma of white wines. We investigated the fate of geraniol during wine fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The volatile compounds produced during fermentation
Maizom Hassan et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 76(8), 1463-1470 (2012-08-11)
NADP(+)-dependent geraniol dehydrogenase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of geraniol to geranial. Stable, highly active cell-free extract was obtained from Polygonum minus leaves using polyvinylpolypyrrolidone, Amberlite XAD-4, glycerol, 2-mercaptoethanol, thiourea, and phenylmethylsulfonylfluoride in tricine-NaOH buffer (pH
Disnelys Báez et al.
Natural product communications, 7(1), 101-102 (2012-03-21)
The headspace volatile compounds of the flowers of Plumeria tuberculata Lodd. were analyzed by solid phase microextraction coupled with capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Twenty-five compounds were identified, representing 100% of the total composition. The volatile fraction was characterized by oxygenated
Amélie Slegers et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(6), 10980-11016 (2015-06-18)
Developed from crosses between Vitis vinifera and North American Vitis species, interspecific hybrid grape varieties are becoming economically significant in northern areas, where they are now extensively grown for wine production. However, the varietal differences between interspecific hybrids are not
Lina Hagvall et al.
Contact dermatitis, 67(1), 20-27 (2012-06-12)
The fragrance terpene geraniol forms sensitizing compounds via autoxidation and skin metabolism. Geranial and neral, the two isomers of citral, are the major haptens formed in both of these activation pathways. To investigate whether testing with oxidized geraniol detects more
Mohamed Nadjib Boukhatem et al.
The Libyan journal of medicine, 8, 22520-22520 (2013-10-10)
Since the available anti-inflammatory drugs exert an extensive variety of side effects, the search for new anti-inflammatory agents has been a priority of pharmaceutical industries. The aim of the present study was to assess the anti-inflammatory activities of the essential
Karamkolly R Rekha et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 440(4), 664-670 (2013-10-10)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by progressive loss of dopamine (DA) neurons in the nigrostriatal system and by the presence of Lewy bodies (LB), proteinaceous inclusions mainly composed of filamentous α-synuclein (α-Syn) aggregates. 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) was adopted to generate PD
G A Camelo-Méndez et al.
Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 68(3), 229-234 (2013-05-30)
Anthocyanins are a group of water-soluble pigments that provide red, purple or blue color to the leaves, flowers, and fruits. In addition, benefits have been attributed to hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. This study compared the content of total anthocyanins and
Pankaj K Sharma et al.
Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology, 203-204, 63-73 (2013-02-19)
Plants synthesize volatile alcohol esters on environmental insult or as metabolic induction during flower/fruit development. However, essential oil plants constitutively produce them as the oil constituents. Their synthesis is catalyzed by BAHD family enzymes called alcohol acyltransferases (AATs). However, no
Jianyu Liu et al.
Gene, 544(1), 83-92 (2014-04-29)
Terpenes (terpenoids or isoprenoids) constitute a large class of plant natural products and play numerous functional roles in primary and secondary metabolism as well as inecological interactions. This study presents a genomic analysis of 23 putative soybean (Glycine max) terpene
Jun Tian et al.
TheScientificWorldJournal, 2013, 230795-230795 (2014-01-24)
The antifungal efficacy of nerol (NEL) has been proved against Aspergillus flavus by using in vitro and in vivo tests. The mycelial growth of A. flavus was completely inhibited at concentrations of 0.8 μ L/mL and 0.1 μ L/mL NEL
Sang Yoon Choi
Journal of cosmetic science, 63(6), 351-358 (2013-01-05)
The effects of geranic acid and its structurally related derivatives (geraniol, citronellic acid, and citronellol) on cell viability and melanin biosynthesis in Melan-a cells were evaluated in this study. Among them, geranic acid evidenced the strongest inhibitory activity on melanin
Anis Ben Hsouna et al.
Lipids in health and disease, 11, 167-167 (2012-12-12)
Pelargonium graveolens (P. graveolens) L. is an aromatic and medicinal plant belonging to the geraniacea family. The chemical compositions of the essential oil as well as the in vitro antimicrobial activities were investigated. The GC-MS analysis of the essential oil
Alistair Paterson et al.
TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik, 126(1), 33-48 (2012-08-15)
Raspberry volatiles are important for perceptions of sensory quality, mould resistance and some have nutraceutical activities. Twelve raspberry character volatiles were quantified, 11 of them in fruit from two seasons, from plants from the Glen Moy × Latham mapping population
Ludger A Wessjohann et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 78(21), 10588-10595 (2013-10-02)
A highly convergent and stereocontrolled synthesis of epothilone D (4) is reported. Key features are a cheap and Z-selective synthesis of the northern half based on nerol and acetoacetate and chromium(II)-mediated Reformatsky reactions as a powerful tool for chemoselective asymmetric
Swaroop S Kulkarni et al.
Natural product communications, 7(9), 1223-1224 (2012-10-19)
Rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium spp.), which is highly valued for its essential oil, is exclusively propagated vegetatively. Hence no genetic improvement work is possible through conventional breeding. Somaclonal variation was generated with and without in vitro mutagenesis using N-nitroso-N-methyl urea (NMU)
Edita E Revay et al.
Acta tropica, 124(1), 102-105 (2012-07-04)
We conducted a study to determine the degree of personal protection provided by the Terminix(®) ALLCLEAR(®) Mosquito Mister - Lantern Edition. This outdoor unit was operated to disperse an aerosolized aqueous 0.3% geraniol emulsion in timed-release intervals of 5.0, 7.5
S Manoharan et al.
Journal of environmental biology, 33(2), 255-260 (2012-10-05)
The present study investigated the chemopreventive potential of geraniol, an acyclic monoterpene alcohol, by monitoring the tumor incidence and analyzing the status of phase II detoxification agents, lipid peroxidation by products and antioxidants in 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) induced mouse skin carcinogenesis.
Lina Hagvall et al.
Contact dermatitis, 68(4), 224-231 (2013-03-21)
Geraniol is a commonly used fragrance terpene, and is tested in the baseline series in fragrance mix I. Geraniol is a pro-hapten and a pre-hapten, and sensitizers are formed in the autoxidation and skin metabolism of geraniol. Previous patch testing
Abdul Quaiyoom Khan et al.
Experimental and molecular pathology, 94(3), 419-429 (2013-02-13)
Abnormal production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and proinflammatory cytokines often act as trigger for development of most of the chronic human diseases including cancer via up-regulation of transcription factors and activation of MAP kinases. We investigated the protective effects
A Lapczynski et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 46 Suppl 11, S241-S244 (2008-07-22)
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of nerol when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented.
Olugbenga J Owojori et al.
Environmental toxicology and chemistry, 31(7), 1639-1648 (2012-05-01)
The oribatid mite Oppia nitens has been suggested as a test species for ecotoxicological assessment of contaminated boreal soils. Knowledge of the ecotoxicity of pollutants of different modes of action to this species is necessary to assess its relative sensitivity
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