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Disnelys Báez et al.
Natural product communications, 7(1), 101-102 (2012-03-21)
The headspace volatile compounds of the flowers of Plumeria tuberculata Lodd. were analyzed by solid phase microextraction coupled with capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Twenty-five compounds were identified, representing 100% of the total composition. The volatile fraction was characterized by oxygenated
Lina Hagvall et al.
Contact dermatitis, 67(1), 20-27 (2012-06-12)
The fragrance terpene geraniol forms sensitizing compounds via autoxidation and skin metabolism. Geranial and neral, the two isomers of citral, are the major haptens formed in both of these activation pathways. To investigate whether testing with oxidized geraniol detects more
Damien Steyer et al.
Food microbiology, 33(2), 228-234 (2012-12-04)
Geraniol produced by grape is the main precursor of terpenols which play a key role in the floral aroma of white wines. We investigated the fate of geraniol during wine fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The volatile compounds produced during fermentation
San Zeng et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(8), 2548-2558 (2015-02-13)
Citral is composed of a random mixture of two geometric stereoisomers geranial (trans-citral) and neral (cis-citral) yet few studies have directly compared their in vivo antitumor properties. A micelle formulation was therefore developed. Geranial and neral were synthesized. Commercially-purchased citral
Amélie Slegers et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(6), 10980-11016 (2015-06-18)
Developed from crosses between Vitis vinifera and North American Vitis species, interspecific hybrid grape varieties are becoming economically significant in northern areas, where they are now extensively grown for wine production. However, the varietal differences between interspecific hybrids are not
Karamkolly R Rekha et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 217, 57-66 (2014-04-29)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common disabling movement disorder owing to progressive depletion of dopamine in nigrostriatal region, and can be experimentally accelerated by the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). MPTP-treated mice are a representative animal model for searching
Karamkolly R Rekha et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 440(4), 664-670 (2013-10-10)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by progressive loss of dopamine (DA) neurons in the nigrostriatal system and by the presence of Lewy bodies (LB), proteinaceous inclusions mainly composed of filamentous α-synuclein (α-Syn) aggregates. 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) was adopted to generate PD
Mohamed Nadjib Boukhatem et al.
The Libyan journal of medicine, 8, 22520-22520 (2013-10-10)
Since the available anti-inflammatory drugs exert an extensive variety of side effects, the search for new anti-inflammatory agents has been a priority of pharmaceutical industries. The aim of the present study was to assess the anti-inflammatory activities of the essential
Pankaj K Sharma et al.
Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology, 203-204, 63-73 (2013-02-19)
Plants synthesize volatile alcohol esters on environmental insult or as metabolic induction during flower/fruit development. However, essential oil plants constitutively produce them as the oil constituents. Their synthesis is catalyzed by BAHD family enzymes called alcohol acyltransferases (AATs). However, no
G A Camelo-Méndez et al.
Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 68(3), 229-234 (2013-05-30)
Anthocyanins are a group of water-soluble pigments that provide red, purple or blue color to the leaves, flowers, and fruits. In addition, benefits have been attributed to hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. This study compared the content of total anthocyanins and
Bertrand Fouks et al.
The Journal of experimental biology, 216(Pt 2), 285-291 (2012-10-06)
Foraging is a result of innate and acquired mechanisms, and is optimized in order to increase fitness. During foraging, an animal faces many threats, such as predation and infection. The uptake of parasites and diseases while foraging is common and
Yukihiro Yamamoto et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 18(14), 4044-4046 (2008-06-17)
In order to prepare functional phospholipids in the medical and pharmaceutical fields, perillyl alcohol, myrtenol, and nerol were transphosphatidylated via phospholipase D in an aqueous system. The yields of phosphatidyl-perillyl alcohol, -myrtenol, and -nerol were 79 mol %, 87 mol
Ramasamy S Annadurai et al.
BMC genomics, 13, 663-663 (2012-11-28)
Phyto-remedies for diabetic control are popular among patients with Type II Diabetes mellitus (DM), in addition to other diabetic control measures. A number of plant species are known to possess diabetic control properties. Costus pictus D. Don is popularly known
Frauke Lüddeke et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 78(7), 2128-2136 (2012-01-31)
Castellaniella defragrans is a Betaproteobacterium capable of coupling the oxidation of monoterpenes with denitrification. Geraniol dehydrogenase (GeDH) activity was induced during growth with limonene in comparison to growth with acetate. The N-terminal sequence of the purified enzyme directed the cloning
Gavin L Sacks et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 60(12), 2998-3004 (2012-03-09)
1,1,6-Trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene (TDN) is well-known to contribute "petrol" aromas to aged Riesling wines, but its prevalence and contribution to young Riesling or non-Riesling wines is not well understood. TDN concentrations were measured in 1-3-year-old varietal wines produced from Cabernet franc (n
A Gallardo et al.
Journal of medical entomology, 49(2), 332-335 (2012-04-13)
The major components of geranium (Geranium maculatum L.) oil and their mixtures were tested against female Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae). Chemical analysis by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry revealed four major constituents: citronellol (38%), geraniol (16%)
Maizom Hassan et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 76(8), 1463-1470 (2012-08-11)
NADP(+)-dependent geraniol dehydrogenase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of geraniol to geranial. Stable, highly active cell-free extract was obtained from Polygonum minus leaves using polyvinylpolypyrrolidone, Amberlite XAD-4, glycerol, 2-mercaptoethanol, thiourea, and phenylmethylsulfonylfluoride in tricine-NaOH buffer (pH
Erich Schmidt et al.
Natural product communications, 7(8), 1095-1098 (2012-09-18)
The essential oils of four chemotypes of Thymus vulgaris L. (Lamiaceae) were analyzed for their composition and antibacterial activity to assess their different properties. GC-MS and GC-FID analyses revealed that the essentials oils can be classified into the chemotypes thymol
Dwijendra Singh et al.
Indian journal of experimental biology, 50(10), 714-717 (2012-12-12)
Plant oils and oil components were screened in vitro for antibacterial and antifungal activity by disc diffusion method. Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MICs) of oils (% v/v) against bacteria and fungi were determined by agar dilution method. Results showed that potential
Veerasamy Vinothkumar et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 369(1-2), 17-25 (2012-06-26)
Oral carcinogenesis, a multistep process with multifaceted etiology, arises due to accumulation of heterogeneous genetic changes in the genes involved in the basic cellular functions including cell division, differentiation, and cell death. These genetic changes in the affected cell progressively
Thirapit Subongkot et al.
Journal of liposome research, 22(3), 254-262 (2012-06-06)
Ultradeformable liposomes containing penetration enhancers were created to deliver NaFl. Vesicles were investigated for their particle size, zeta potential, NaFl entrapment efficiency (%EE), loading efficiency, and in vitro skin penetration. The vesicles obtained were spherical in shape, with a particle
Anis Ben Hsouna et al.
Lipids in health and disease, 11, 167-167 (2012-12-12)
Pelargonium graveolens (P. graveolens) L. is an aromatic and medicinal plant belonging to the geraniacea family. The chemical compositions of the essential oil as well as the in vitro antimicrobial activities were investigated. The GC-MS analysis of the essential oil
Robin Joshi et al.
Food chemistry, 167, 290-298 (2014-08-26)
The aroma constituents of Kangra orthodox black tea were isolated by simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE), supercritical fluid extraction and beverage method. The aroma-active compounds were identified using gas chromatography-olfactometry-mass spectrometry. Geraniol, linalool, (Z/E)-linalool oxides, (E)-2-hexenal, phytol, β-ionone, hotrienol, methylpyrazine and
Avinash Pandreka et al.
BMC plant biology, 15, 214-214 (2015-09-04)
Neem tree (Azadirachta indica) is one of the richest sources of skeletally diverse triterpenoids and they are well-known for their broad-spectrum pharmacological and insecticidal properties. However, the abundance of Neem triterpenoids varies among the tissues. Here, we delineate quantitative profiling
Alistair Paterson et al.
TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik, 126(1), 33-48 (2012-08-15)
Raspberry volatiles are important for perceptions of sensory quality, mould resistance and some have nutraceutical activities. Twelve raspberry character volatiles were quantified, 11 of them in fruit from two seasons, from plants from the Glen Moy × Latham mapping population
Jianyu Liu et al.
Gene, 544(1), 83-92 (2014-04-29)
Terpenes (terpenoids or isoprenoids) constitute a large class of plant natural products and play numerous functional roles in primary and secondary metabolism as well as inecological interactions. This study presents a genomic analysis of 23 putative soybean (Glycine max) terpene
Jun Tian et al.
TheScientificWorldJournal, 2013, 230795-230795 (2014-01-24)
The antifungal efficacy of nerol (NEL) has been proved against Aspergillus flavus by using in vitro and in vivo tests. The mycelial growth of A. flavus was completely inhibited at concentrations of 0.8 μ L/mL and 0.1 μ L/mL NEL
Sang Yoon Choi
Journal of cosmetic science, 63(6), 351-358 (2013-01-05)
The effects of geranic acid and its structurally related derivatives (geraniol, citronellic acid, and citronellol) on cell viability and melanin biosynthesis in Melan-a cells were evaluated in this study. Among them, geranic acid evidenced the strongest inhibitory activity on melanin
Federica Pellati et al.
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 27(5), 591-602 (2013-02-16)
The essential oil of Rosa damascena Mill. is known for its fine perfumery application, use in cosmetic preparations and for several pharmacological activities. Due to its high value, it can be easily adulterated with flavors or cheaper oils. This study
Jesús F Arteaga et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 17(5), 5126-5138 (2012-05-05)
Antioxidant activity of a number of small (low molecular weight) natural compounds found in spices, condiments or drugs (gallic acid, sesamol, eugenol, thymol, carvacrol, vanillin, salicylaldehyde, limonene, geraniol, 4-hexylresorcinol, etc.) has been evaluated using electrochemical and DPPH• radical scavenging measurements.
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