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Satoshi Ikema et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 83, 229-236 (2015-07-03)
Okadaic acid is known as a diarrheal shellfish poison. It is thought that there is no specific target organ for okadaic acid after it has been absorbed into the body. However, the details of its pharmacokinetics are still unknown. In
Lucia L Peixoto et al.
BMC genomics, 16 Suppl 5, S5-S5 (2015-06-05)
A fundamental question in neuroscience is how memories are stored and retrieved in the brain. Long-term memory formation requires transcription, translation and epigenetic processes that control gene expression. Thus, characterizing genome-wide the transcriptional changes that occur after memory acquisition and
Steven C Tsai et al.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 306(12), C1108-C1118 (2014-03-15)
Our knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying human embryonic stem cell (hESC) self-renewal and differentiation is incomplete. The level of octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (Oct4), a critical regulator of pluripotency, is precisely controlled in mouse embryonic stem cells. However, studies
Danielle S Stolzenberg et al.
Endocrinology, 155(9), 3674-3683 (2014-06-17)
In many species, including mice, maternal responsiveness is experience-dependent and permanent, lasting for long periods (months to years). We have shown that after brief exposures to pups, virgin female mice continue to respond maternally toward pups for at least one
Kazuhiro Takuma et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 126, 43-49 (2014-09-23)
We recently showed that prenatal exposure to valproic acid (VPA) in mice causes autism-like behavioral abnormalities, including social interaction deficits, anxiety-like behavior and spatial learning disability, in male offspring. In the present study, we examined the effect of prenatal VPA
Exceptionally facile conversion of carboxylic acid salts to aldehydes by reductive oxidation with borane and pyridinium chlorochromate
Cha JS, et al.
Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 22(3), 325-326 (2001)
Weiming Wang et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e115987-e115987 (2014-12-30)
CCR5, a coreceptor for HIV-1 entry, is a major target for drug and genetic intervention against HIV-1. Genetic intervention strategies have knocked down CCR5 expression levels by shRNA or disrupted the CCR5 gene using zinc finger nucleases (ZFN) or Transcription
Maojian Chen et al.
OncoTargets and therapy, 13, 8861-8875 (2020-09-29)
This study is aimed to investigate the combined treating efficacy of sodium butyrate and docetaxel on proliferation and apoptosis of the lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line based on Gli1 regulation in vitro and in vivo. RNA interference method was used
Vishal Singh et al.
Cell, 175(3), 679-694 (2018-10-20)
Dietary soluble fibers are fermented by gut bacteria into short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), which are considered broadly health-promoting. Accordingly, consumption of such fibers ameliorates metabolic syndrome. However, incorporating soluble fiber inulin, but not insoluble fiber, into a compositionally defined diet
Sabrina Chriett et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 742-742 (2019-01-27)
Butyrate and R-β-hydroxybutyrate are two related short chain fatty acids naturally found in mammals. Butyrate, produced by enteric butyric bacteria, is present at millimolar concentrations in the gastrointestinal tract and at lower levels in blood; R-β-hydroxybutyrate, the main ketone body
Sean L Hammond et al.
Neuroscience letters, 607, 83-89 (2015-09-19)
Degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with decreased expression of the orphan nuclear receptor Nurr1 (NR4A2), which is critical for both homeostasis and development of dopamine (DA) neurons. The synthetic, phytochemical-based compound, 1,1-bis (3'-indolyl)-1-(p-chlorophenyl) methane (C-DIM12)
Robert O'Brien et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(31), 19287-19306 (2015-05-31)
The cascade of events that lead to cognitive decline, motor deficits, and psychiatric symptoms in patients with Huntington disease (HD) is triggered by a polyglutamine expansion in the N-terminal region of the huntingtin (HTT) protein. A significant mechanism in HD
Mu A et al.
Nature cell biology, 21(5), 592-602 (2019-04-10)
Inverted formin 2 (INF2) is a member of the formin family of actin assembly factors. Dominant missense mutations in INF2 are linked to two diseases: focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, a kidney disease, and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, a neuropathy. All of the disease
Yanhong Shi et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17651-17651 (2015-12-03)
The current therapy on allergic inflammation is unsatisfactory. Probiotics improve the immunity in the body. This study aims to test a hypothesis that administration with Clostridium butyricum (C. butyricum) enforces the effect of specific immunotherapy (SIT) on intestinal allergic inflammation.
Fabrizio Carta et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 21(8), 2521-2526 (2011-03-16)
The inhibition of the β-carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC from the pathogenic fungi Cryptococcus neoformans (Can2) and Candida albicans (Nce103) with a series of 25 branched aliphatic and aromatic carboxylates has been investigated. Human isoforms hCA I and II were
Bin Liu et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e106184-e106184 (2014-08-30)
Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is an unavoidable consequence of major liver surgery, especially in liver transplantation with bowel congestion, during which endotoxemia is often evident. The inflammatory response aggravated by endotoxin after I/R contributes to liver dysfunction and failure. The
Yan Wang et al.
Cell, 177(5), 1252-1261 (2019-05-14)
Mitochondrial calcium uptake is crucial to the regulation of eukaryotic Ca2+ homeostasis and is mediated by the mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU). While MCU alone can transport Ca2+ in primitive eukaryotes, metazoans require an essential single membrane-spanning auxiliary component called EMRE
Ting Wu et al.
Antiviral research, 107, 95-101 (2014-05-14)
Herpesviruses require several cellular proteins for their lytic DNA replication including topoisomerase II (Topo II). Thus, Topo II could be an effective drug target against herpesviral infection. In this study, we examined several Topo II catalytic inhibitors for their potentials
K Cao et al.
Oncogene, 34(49), 5960-5970 (2015-03-10)
The poor efficacy of the in vivo anti-tumor immune response has been partially attributed to ineffective T-cell responses mounted against the tumor. Fas-FasL-dependent activation-induced cell death (AICD) of T cells is believed to be a major contributor to compromised anti-tumor
Diana Balasubramanian et al.
Neuropharmacology, 99, 79-88 (2015-07-08)
Valproic acid (VPA) is a widely used antiepileptic drug and first-line treatment in bipolar disorder, although the mechanisms underlying its therapeutic effects are largely unknown. Recently, the recognition of VPA as an epigenetic drug offers new opportunities for understanding its
Tsung-Hua Hsieh et al.
Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy, 23(4), 656-666 (2014-12-23)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) are novel clinical anticancer drugs that inhibit HDAC gene expression and induce cell apoptosis in human cancers. Nevertheless, the detailed mechanism or the downstream HDAC targets by which HDACi mediates apoptosis in human breast cancer cells
Jingjing Cao et al.
Journal of virology, 89(5), 2777-2791 (2014-12-30)
Microtubule transport of circovirus from the periphery of the cell to the nucleus is essential for viral replication in early infection. How the microtubule is recruited to the viral cargo remains unclear. In this study, we observed that circovirus trafficking
Rossella Farra et al.
Biochimie, 112, 85-95 (2015-03-10)
The modest efficacy of available therapies for Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) indicates the need to develop novel therapeutic approaches. For the proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib (BZB), potentially attractive for HCC treatment, the mechanism of action is largely unknown. The BZB effect on
Qi Wang et al.
Cell reports, 31(3), 107528-107528 (2020-04-23)
Identification of multiple histone acylations diversifies transcriptional control by metabolism, but their functions are incompletely defined. Here we report evidence of histone crotonylation in the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans. We define the enzymes that regulate crotonylation and show its
Nimisha Singh et al.
Genes, chromosomes & cancer, 53(12), 999-1007 (2014-08-15)
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. These cancers are deficient in glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression, and therefore, resistant to glucocorticoids. Overexpression of the GR both in vivo and in vitro leads to apoptotic
Xiaojuan Li et al.
Journal of virology, 89(13), 6895-6906 (2015-04-24)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) encodes multiple viral proteins that activate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades. One of these viral proteins, ORF45, mediates sustained ERK-p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK) activation during KSHV lytic replication and facilitates viral translation
Alexander V Zhdanov et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1847(10), 1254-1266 (2015-07-06)
Abnormal accumulation of oncometabolite fumarate and succinate is associated with inhibition of mitochondrial function and carcinogenesis. By competing with α-ketoglutarate, oncometabolites also activate hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs), which makes oncometabolite mimetics broadly utilised in hypoxia research. We found that dimethyloxalylglycine
Huan Gong et al.
Oncotarget, 6(18), 15882-15890 (2015-05-30)
The risk of developing neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) increases dramatically with age. Understanding the underlying mechanisms of brain aging is crucial for developing preventative and/or therapeutic approaches for age-associated neurological diseases. Recently, it has been suggested that
Regina Kanski et al.
Journal of cell science, 127(Pt 20), 4368-4380 (2014-08-17)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is the main intermediate filament in astrocytes and is regulated by epigenetic mechanisms during development. We demonstrate that histone acetylation also controls GFAP expression in mature astrocytes. Inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) with trichostatin A
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