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Xuemin Wang et al.
The Biochemical journal, 467(2), 321-331 (2015-02-12)
Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K) is an atypical protein kinase which negatively regulates protein synthesis, is activated under stress conditions and plays a role in cytoprotection, e.g. in cancer cells. It is regarded as a possible target for therapeutic
Marcela Valdés-Tovar et al.
Chronobiology international, 32(2), 164-177 (2014-09-24)
The light-dark cycle is an environmental factor that influences immune physiology, and so, variations of the photoperiod length result in altered immune responsivity. Macrophage physiology comprises a spectrum of functions that goes from host defense to immune down-regulation, in addition
K Krishnanunni et al.
Journal of food science and technology, 52(5), 2572-2584 (2015-04-22)
The objective of this study is to analyze the chemical composition and volatiles present in two medicinal rice varieties of "karungkuravai" and "mappilai samba" and to investigate their total phenolic content and bio activity. Chemical composition of the rice varieties
Stefanie J Pottgiesser et al.
Anticancer research, 35(11), 5927-5943 (2015-10-28)
Intercellular apoptosis-inducing HOCl signaling is discussed as a control step during oncogenesis. It is defined as a sophisticated interplay between transformed target cells and non-transformed or transformed effector cells. In this study, transformed target cells were seeded as clumps of
Tomomi Hatanaka et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(12), 3965-3974 (2015-07-22)
To develop an in silico method based on Fick's law of diffusion to estimate the skin concentration following dermal exposure to chemicals with a wide range of lipophilicity. Permeation experiments of various chemicals were performed through rat and porcine skin.
Rui Gusmão et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 21(46), 16474-16478 (2015-10-08)
Fluorographane (C1 Hx F1-x+δ )n is a new member of the graphene family that exhibits hydrophobicity and a large band gap that is tunable based on the level of fluorination. Herein, sensing and energy applications of fluorographane are reported. The
Anna Sankiewicz et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 469, 4-11 (2014-10-15)
We have developed a new method for highly selective determination of the ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) concentration using a surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) technique and two different biosensors. UCH-L1 was captured from a solution by immobilized specific rabbit
Chun Kiang Chua et al.
Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 11(11), 1266-1272 (2014-10-22)
Graphite oxide (GiO) and graphene oxide (GeO) possess wide applicability in technological devices. The exact chemical compositions, structures, and properties of these materials remain vague to the graphene community despite being heavily researched. As metastable materials, the properties of GiO
K F Chan et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 58, 666-674 (2015-10-20)
Immunosensors based on gold nanoparticles and reduced graphene oxide (AuNPs/rGO)-modified screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) were successfully synthesized using an electrochemical deposition method. The modified SPEs were characterized using a field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and Raman spectroscopy to analyze the
Shewit Kalayou et al.
Cell biology and toxicology, 30(6), 361-376 (2014-11-25)
The mycotoxin alternariol (AOH) is an important contaminant of fruits and cereal products. The current study sought to address the effect of a non-toxic AOH concentration on the proteome of the steroidogenic H295R cell model. Quantitative proteomics based on stable
Changyoon Baek et al.
Journal of biomedical nanotechnology, 9(7), 1293-1298 (2013-08-06)
The current medical technology has constantly demanded novel and advanced materials exhibiting the unique physicochemical properties but, at the same time, possessing the intrinsic biocompatibility. Natural biomolecules based on materials such as peptide- (or protein-) or DNA/RNA derivatives have been
Louise Organ et al.
Experimental lung research, 41(3), 115-134 (2014-12-23)
Idiopathic Pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal respiratory disease, characterized by a progressive fibrosis and worsening lung function. While the outcomes of recent clinical trials have resulted in therapies to slow the progression of the disease, there is still a
Shuichi Mori et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 23(4), 803-809 (2015-01-17)
Nonsteroidal progesterone receptor (PR) full antagonists are needed as tools for elucidating the physiological functions of PR and as candidates for treatment of various diseases. We designed and synthesized 1,3-diphenyladamantane derivatives, and investigated their PR-antagonistic activity in comparison with our
Koji Y Arai et al.
Wound repair and regeneration : official publication of the Wound Healing Society [and] the European Tissue Repair Society, 22(6), 701-711 (2014-09-17)
Epidermal-dermal interaction plays important roles in physiological events such as wound healing. In this study, we examined a double paracrine mechanism between keratinocytes and fibroblasts through interleukin-1 (IL-1) and an IL-1-induced inflammatory mediator prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) using the skin equivalent.
Shicheng Su et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8523-8523 (2015-10-06)
Macrophages play a pivotal role in tissue fibrogenesis, which underlies the pathogenesis of many end-stage chronic inflammatory diseases. MicroRNAs are key regulators of immune cell functions, but their roles in macrophage's fibrogenesis have not been characterized. Here we show that
Jan Lukas et al.
Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy, 23(3), 456-464 (2014-11-21)
Lysosomal storage disorders (LSD) are a group of heterogeneous diseases caused by compromised enzyme function leading to multiple organ failure. Therapeutic approaches involve enzyme replacement (ERT), which is effective for a substantial fraction of patients. However, there are still concerns
Qian Zhang et al.
Journal of dairy science, 98(12), 8698-8709 (2015-09-28)
Elevated needs for glucose in lactating dairy cows are met through a combination of increased capacity for gluconeogenesis and increased supply of gluconeogenic precursors, primarily propionate. This study evaluated the effects of propionate on mRNA expression of cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase
Priscilla B Pail et al.
Neurotoxicology, 50, 71-80 (2015-08-10)
Mephedrone and methedrone are cathinone-related compounds, which act as non-selective substrates for monoamine transporters, facilitating a neurotransmitter release. We compared the acute pharmacological effects of mephedrone and methedrone, attempting to further evaluate the action mechanisms of methedrone by responsibly and
H Singh et al.
Molecular human reproduction, 21(1), 81-94 (2014-09-23)
Implantation failure is one of the major causes of infertility and remains a major barrier to assisted reproduction success. Initial receptivity to implantation is regulated by the endometrial luminal epithelium under maternal hormonal control. Identification of epithelial cell surface components
Daniele Caprioli et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(9), 3747-3755 (2015-03-06)
We have previously shown that impulsivity in rats is linked to decreased dopamine D2/3 receptor availability in the ventral striatum. In the present study, we investigated, using longitudinal positron emission tomography (PET), the effects of orally administered methylphenidate (MPH), a
Kyung Min Jeong et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(12), 2143-2152 (2015-11-05)
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were investigated as tunable, environmentally benign, yet superior extraction media to enhance the extraction of anthocyanins from grape skin, which is usually discarded as waste. Ten DESs containing choline chloride as hydrogen bond acceptor combined with
Dorit Rennspiess et al.
Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, 10(2), 360-366 (2014-12-20)
Although the molecular genetics possibly underlying the pathogenesis of human thymoma have been extensively studied, its etiology remains poorly understood. Because murine polyomavirus consistently induces thymomas in mice, we assessed the presence of the novel human polyomavirus 7 (HPyV7) in
Georg Wultsch et al.
Mutagenesis, 30(5), 701-709 (2015-05-11)
Wood dust was classified by the IARC as a human carcinogen which causes sinonasal tumours. However, the exposure in different industries varies strongly and the risks of workers depend on the specific situation which can be assessed by the use
Shan Lu et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 12(2), 621-629 (2015-01-16)
In this study, we formulated polyplexes with different compositions for codelivery of DNA and small-interfering RNA (siRNA). Since DNA and siRNA have distinctive and complementary morphological characteristics (DNA is long and winding and siRNA is short and rigid), we hypothesized
Sara Rodriguez-Mozaz et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 282, 165-173 (2014-10-02)
Water reuse is becoming a common practice in several areas in the world, particularly in those impacted by water scarcity driven by climate change and/or by rising human demand. Since conventional wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are not able to efficiently
Gyeong Jin Lee et al.
Macromolecular bioscience, 15(11), 1595-1604 (2015-07-18)
Crosslinked bioreducible polypropylenimine-cystaminebisacrylamides (PPI-CBAs) were synthesized for gene delivery systems. They formed nano-sized polyplexes with high stability even in reducing condition probably due to the re-crosslinking. PPI-CBAs displayed high transfection efficiency comparable to PEI25k in serum condition. However, cytotoxicity increase
Mahboube Eslami Moghadam et al.
Combinatorial chemistry & high throughput screening, 17(9), 781-789 (2014-09-30)
Studies on the interactions between metallodrugs and human serum albumin (HSA), as carrier for drugs and biological molecules, are extremely important to design and discover new drugs. The interaction of three novel synthesized complexes of [Pd(phen)(R-gly)]NO3, where R-gly is methyl-
Tiago H Ferreira et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 481(1-2), 56-63 (2015-02-01)
Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) have generated considerable interest among the scientific community because of their unique physical and chemical properties. They present good chemical inertness, high thermal stability, and optimal resistance to oxidation, that make them ideal candidates for biomedical
Xiaomei Yang et al.
The Science of the total environment, 512-513, 406-414 (2015-02-04)
Repeated applications of glyphosate may contaminate the soil and water and threaten their quality both within the environmental system and beyond it through water erosion related processes and leaching. In this study, we focused on the transport of glyphosate and
Ludmila Müllerová et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1384, 147-154 (2015-02-11)
Interactions among analyte forms that undergo simultaneous dissociation/protonation and complexation with multiple selectors take the shape of a highly interconnected multi-equilibrium scheme. This makes it difficult to express the effective mobility of the analyte in these systems, which are often
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