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Kazuhiko Kurosawa et al.
Bioresource technology, 193, 206-212 (2015-07-05)
Extracting lipids from oleaginous microbial cells in a cost effective and environmentally compatible manner remains a critical challenge in developing manufacturing paradigms for advanced liquid biofuels. In this study, a new approach using microbial growth inhibitors from lignocellulose-derived feedstocks was...
Ji Ye Lee et al.
Bioresource technology, 132, 84-90 (2013-02-12)
The objective of this work was to investigate the feasibility of acid-catalyzed hydrothermal fractionation for maximum solubilization of the hemicellulosic portion of three agricultural residues. The fractionation conditions converted into combined severity factor (CS) in the range of 1.2-2.9. The...
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, 63, 409-429 (1995-01-01)
Binzhe Sun et al.
Bioresource technology, 196, 454-458 (2015-08-19)
A simple pretreatment method, NaOH swelling at a low temperature and then HCl regeneration, was developed for depolymerization of cellulose to glucose. Cellulose was transformed into amorphous hydrogel during the treatment; and due to the easy diffusion of H(+) and...
F Monlau et al.
Bioresource technology, 187, 379-386 (2015-04-13)
The robust supramolecular structure of biomass often requires severe pretreatments conditions to produce soluble sugars. Nonetheless, these processes generate some inhibitory compounds (i.e. furans compounds and aliphatic acids) deriving mainly from sugars degradation. To avoid the inhibition of the biological...
Danielle Szczerbowski et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 114, 95-101 (2014-09-30)
Two fractions of sugarcane, namely bagasse and straw (or trash), were characterized in relation to their chemical composition. Bagasse presented values of glucans, hemicelluloses, lignin and ash of 37.74, 27.23, 20.57 and 6.53%, respectively, while straw had 33.77, 27.38, 21.28...
Production of feruloylated arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides from maize (Zea mays) bran by microwave-assisted autohydrolysis.
Rose DJ and Inglett GE.
Food Chemistry, 119(4), 1613-1618 (2010)
A Patrizi et al.
Giornale italiano di dermatologia e venereologia : organo ufficiale, Societa italiana di dermatologia e sifilografia, 147(6 Suppl 1), 1-8 (2013-01-18)
Pityriasis alba (PA) is a skin disorder characterized by finely scaly, hypopigmented patches, typical of childhood, that also represents an atopic dermatitis (AD) minor sign according to Hanifin and Rajka criteria. It may be isolated or associated with AD representing...
Zhi-Hua Liu et al.
Bioresource technology, 193, 345-356 (2015-07-06)
A novel conversion process using steam explosion combined with enzymatic digestibility was exploited to increase sugar yield. Results showed that glucan and xylan recovery decreased with the increase of holding temperature and residence time in SE, respectively, while glucan and...
Nicolas Brun et al.
ChemSusChem, 6(4), 701-710 (2013-03-16)
Carbon-based monoliths have been designed using a simple synthetic pathway based on using high internal phase emulsion (HIPE) as a soft template to confine the polymerization and hydrothermal carbonization of saccharide derivatives (furfural) and phenolic compounds (phloroglucinol). Monosaccharides can be...
Jianmin Zhang et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 50(8), 1850-1864 (2007-03-27)
The 3C-like protease (3CLpro), which controls the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus replication, has been identified as a potential target for drug design in the treatment of SARS. A series of tetrapeptide phthalhydrazide ketones, pyridinyl esters, and their analogs...
I S M Rafiqul et al.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 176(4), 1071-1083 (2015-04-24)
Xylose-rich sawdust hydrolysate can be an economic substrate for the enzymatic production of xylitol, a specialty product. It is important to identify the process factors influencing xylitol production. This research aimed to screen the parameters significantly affecting bioxylitol synthesis from...
Fenfen Wang et al.
Carbohydrate research, 368, 78-83 (2013-01-26)
The catalytic dehydration of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in DMSO was performed over Nb2O5 derived from calcination of niobic acid at various temperatures (300-700 °C). The catalysts were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, N2 physical adsorption, temperature-programed desorption of NH3...
Reetta Karinen et al.
ChemSusChem, 4(8), 1002-1016 (2011-07-06)
Furfurals are important intermediates in the chemical industry. They are typically produced by homogeneous catalysis in aqueous solutions. However, heterogeneously catalyzed processes would be beneficial in view of the principles of green chemistry: the elimination of homogeneous mineral acids makes...
Luxin Zhang et al.
Bioresource technology, 130, 110-116 (2013-01-12)
In order to define a new green catalytic pathway for the production of furfural, the catalyzed conversion of xylan into furfural in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride was studied by using mineral acids and metal chlorides as catalysts under microwave irradiation. Amongst these...
Aya Iwaki et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 79(5), 1661-1667 (2013-01-01)
Various forms of stress can cause an attenuation of bulk translation activity and the accumulation of nontranslating mRNAs into cytoplasmic messenger RNP (mRNP) granules termed processing bodies (P-bodies) and stress granules (SGs) in eukaryotic cells. Furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), derived...
Xuan Wang et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(10), 4021-4026 (2013-02-23)
Pretreatments such as dilute acid at elevated temperature are effective for the hydrolysis of pentose polymers in hemicellulose and also increase the access of enzymes to cellulose fibers. However, the fermentation of resulting syrups is hindered by minor reaction products...
Rosa Perestrelo et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1381, 54-63 (2015-01-27)
An improved, reliable and powerful analytical strategy based on digitally controlled microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS) combined with ultrahigh pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC) was validated for the simultaneous identification and quantification of major furanic derivatives, namely 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (5HMF), 5-methyl-2-furaldehyde (5MF)...
Cristina García-Sancho et al.
ChemSusChem, 6(4), 635-642 (2013-03-21)
A series of silica-based MCM-41-supported niobium-oxide catalysts are prepared, characterized by using XRD, N2 adsorption-desorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and pyridine adsorption coupled to FTIR spectroscopy, and tested for the dehydration of D-xylose to furfural. Under the operating conditions...
Ava A Greenwood et al.
Biotechnology for biofuels, 8, 26-26 (2015-05-13)
Acid hydrolysis is a popular pretreatment for removing hemicellulose from lignocelluloses in order to produce a digestible substrate for enzymatic saccharification. In this work, a novel model for the dilute acid hydrolysis of hemicellulose within sugarcane bagasse is presented and...
Amal Agila et al.
Journal of food science, 78(2), C184-C191 (2013-01-22)
High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) was added at 5% to 40% to Indiana wildflower honey and added at 40% to Ohio and Indiana honeys from blueberry, star thistle, clover and wildflower, and an unknown source to simulate honey adulteration. Unadulterated...
Yue Shen et al.
Bioresource technology, 192, 812-816 (2015-06-10)
A simple and effective route for the production of levulinic acid (LA) from cellulose has been developed in SO3H-functionalized ionic liquids. The effects of ionic liquid structures, reaction conditions and combination of metal chlorides with ILs on the yield of...
Rajib Biswas et al.
Bioresource technology, 192, 46-53 (2015-05-27)
The logging and lumbering industry in the Pacific Northwest region generates huge amount of forest residues, offering an inexpensive raw material for biorefineries. Wet explosion (WEx) pretreatment was applied to the recalcitrant biomass to optimize process conditions including temperature (170-190...
Luiza Helena da Silva Martins et al.
Bioresource technology, 191, 312-321 (2015-05-26)
This work evaluated ethanol production from sugarcane bagasse at high solids loadings in the pretreatment (20-40% w/v) and hydrolysis (10-20% w/v) stages. The best conditions for diluted sulfuric acid, AHP and Ox-B pretreatments were determined and mass balances including pretreatment...
Mood Mohan et al.
Bioresource technology, 191, 244-252 (2015-05-23)
The aim of present study was to obtain total reducing sugars (TRS) from bamboo under subcritical water (SCW) treatment in a batch reactor at the temperature ranging from 170 °C to 220 °C and 40 min hydrolysis time. Experiments were...
Alberto Villa et al.
ChemSusChem, 6(4), 609-612 (2013-03-16)
Mixed noblility: We show that the modification of a gold/carbon catalyst with platinum or palladium produces stable and recyclable catalysts for the selective oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) to 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA): the support and nanoparticle chemistry directly mediate the selective...
Huan-Bo Cheng et al.
Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials, 35(7), 1088-1090 (2012-12-21)
To study the chemical constituents of Polygonum perfoliatum. The chemical constituents of Polygonum perfoliatum were isolated and purified by chromatography on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and Semi-preparative HPLC. The structures of compounds were elucidated and identified by physicochemical properties, H-NMR...
Martin Holm Rau et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 1051-1051 (2015-12-15)
Bacterial small RNAs (sRNAs) are recognized as posttranscriptional regulators involved in the control of bacterial lifestyle and adaptation to stressful conditions. Although chemical stress due to the toxicity of precursor and product compounds is frequently encountered in microbial bioprocessing applications...
Chandan Kundu et al.
Bioresource technology, 178, 28-35 (2014-09-11)
In order to produce ethanol from yellow poplar, deacetylation was performed using sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Optimal deacetylation conditions were determined by a response surface methodology. The highest acetic acid concentration obtained was 7.06 g/L when deacetylation was performed at 60...
Magdalena Hardt-Stremayr et al.
Journal of separation science, 36(4), 670-676 (2013-02-13)
5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) is a natural occurring substance taken up by everyday food. In former studies it was shown that 5-HMF is completely decomposed in the body after oral or intravenous application resulting in three main metabolites named 5-hydroxymethylfuroic acid, 2,5-furandicarboxylic...
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